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Kosovo Government Profile 2013

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Country nameconventional long form: Republic of Kosovo
conventional short form: Kosovo
local long form: Republika e Kosoves (Republika Kosovo)
local short form: Kosova (Kosovo)
Government typerepublic
Capitalname: Pristina (Prishtine, Prishtina)
geographic coordinates: 42 40 N, 21 10 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions37 municipalities (komunat, singular - komuna (Albanian); opstine, singular - opstina (Serbian)); Decan (Decani), Dragash (Dragas), Ferizaj (Urosevac), Fushe Kosove (Kosovo Polje), Gjakove (Dakovica), Gjilan (Gnjilane), Gllogovc (Glogovac), Gracanice (Gracanica), Hani i Elezit (Deneral Jankovic), Istog (Istok), Junik, Kacanik, Kamenice/Dardana (Kamenica), Kline (Klina), Kllokot (Klokot), Leposaviq (Leposavic), Lipjan (Lipljan), Malisheve (Malisevo), Mamushe (Mamusa), Mitrovice (Mitrovica), Novoberde (Novo Brdo), Obiliq (Obilic), Partesh (Partes), Peje (Pec), Podujeve (Podujevo), Prishtine (Pristina), Prizren, Rahovec (Orahovac), Ranillug (Ranilug), Shterpce (Strpce), Shtime (Stimlje), Skenderaj (Srbica), Suhareke (Suva Reka), Viti (Vitina), Vushtrri (Vucitrn), Zubin Potok, Zvecan
Independence17 February 2008 (from Serbia)
National holidayIndependence Day, 17 February (2008)
Constitutionadopted by the Kosovo Assembly 9 April 2008; effective 15 June 2008
Legal systemevolving legal system; mixture of applicable Kosovo law, UNMIK laws and regulations, and applicable laws of the Former Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia that were in effect in Kosovo as of 22 March 1989
International law organization participationhas not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Executive branchchief of state: President Atifete JAHJAGA (since 7 April 2011);
head of government: Prime Minister Hashim THACI (since 9 January 2008)
cabinet: ministers; elected by the Kosovo Assembly
elections: the president is elected for a five-year term by the Kosovo Assembly; election last held on 7 April 2011; note - the prime minister elected by the Kosovo Assembly
election results: Atifete JAHJAGA elected in one round (Atifete JAHJAGA 80, Suzana NOVOBERDALIU 10); Hashim THACI reelected prime minister by the Assembly
Legislative branchunicameral national Assembly (120 seats; 100 seats directly elected, 10 seats guaranteed for ethnic Serbs, 10 seats guaranteed for other ethnic minorities; members to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held on 12 December 2010 with runoff elections in a few municipalities in January 2011 (next expected to be held in 2015)
election results: percent of vote by party - PDK 32.1%, LDK 24.7%, VV 12.7%, AAK 11.0%, KKR 7.3%, SLS 2.1%, KDTP 1.2%, and others 8.9; seats by party - PDK 34, LDK 27, VV 14, AAK 12, KKR 8, SLS 8, JSL 4, KDTP 3, VAKAT 2, PDAK 1, NDS 1, BSDAK 1, IRDK, 1, PAI 1, SDSKIM 1, GIG 1, PREBK 1
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of the court president and at least 15 percent of judges to reflect Kosovo's territorial ethnic composition); Constitutional Court (consists of the court president, vice president, and 7 judges)
note - Kosovo initiated a new judicial system in January 2013
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges nominated by the Kosovo Judicial Council, an independent body staffed by judges and lay members, and also responsible for overall administration of Kosovo's judicial system; judges appointed by the president of the Republic of Kosovo; judges appointed until mandatory retirement age; Constitutional Court members nominated by the Kosovo Assembly and appointed by the president of the republic to serve single, 9-year terms
subordinate courts: Court of Appeals (organized into 4 departments: General, Serious Crime, Commercial Matters), and Administrative Matters; Basic Court (located in 9 municipalities, each with several branches)
Political parties and leadersAlbanian Christian Democratic Party of Kosovo or PNDSH [Uke BERISHA]
Alliance for a New Kosovo or AKR [Behgjet PACOLLI]
Alliance for the Future of Kosovo or AAK [Ramush HARADINAJ]
Alliance of Independent Social Democrats of Kosovo and Metohija or SDSKIM [Ljubisa ZIVIC]
Ashkali Party for Integration or PAI
Bosniak Party of Democratic Action of Kosovo or BSDAK
Vakat Coalition or VAKAT [Sadik IDRIZI]
Citizens' Initiative of Gora or GIG [Murselj HALJILJI]
Coalition for New Kosovo or KKR (includes AKR, Justice Party, Social Democratic Party, Pensionists and Disabled Party, Pensionists of Kosovo, PNDSH, and the Green Party of Kosovo)
Democratic Action Party or SDA [Numan BALIC]
Democratic League of Dardania or LDD [Nexhat DACI]
Democratic League of Kosovo or LDK [Isa MUSTAFA]
Democratic Party of Ashkali of Kosovo or PDAK [Berat QERIMI]
Democratic Party of Kosovo or PDK [Hashim THACI]
Independent Liberal Party or SLS [Slobadan PETROVIC]
Kosovo Democratic Turkish Party or KDTP [Mahir YAGCILAR]
Movement for Self-Determination (Vetevendosje) or VV [Albin KURTI]
Movement for Unification or LB [Avni KLINAKU]
New Democratic Initiative of Kosovo or IRDK [Xhevdet NEZIRAJ]
New Democratic Party or NDS [Predrag JOVIC]
Serb People's Party or SNS [Mihailo SCEPANOVIC]
Serbian Democratic Party of Kosovo and Metohija or SDSKiM [Sasa DJOKIC]
Serbian Kosovo and Metohija Party or SKMS [Dragisa MIRIC]
Serbian National Council of Northern Kosovo and Metohija or SNV [Milan IVANOVIC]
Social Democratic Party of Kosovo or PSDK
Socialist Party of Kosovo or PSK [Ilaz KADOLLI]
United Roma Party of Kosovo or PREBK [Haxhi Zylfi MERXHA]
United Serb List or JSL
Political pressure groups and leadersCouncil for the Defense of Human Rights and Freedom (human rights)
Organization for Democracy, Anti-Corruption and Dignity Rise! [Avni ZOGIANI]
Serb National Council (SNV)
The Speak Up Movement [Ramadan ILAZI]
International organization participationIBRD, IDA, IFC, IMF, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA
Diplomatic representation in the USchief of mission: Ambassador Akan ISMAILI (since 23 April 2012)
chancery: 1101 30th Street NW, Suites 330/340, Washington, DC 20007
telephone: 202-380-3581
FAX: 202-380-3628
consulate(s) general: New York
Diplomatic representation from the USchief of mission: Ambassador Tracey Ann JACOBSON (since 25 July 2012)
embassy: Arberia/Dragodan, Nazim Hikmet 30, Pristina, Kosovo
mailing address: use embassy street address
telephone: [381] 38 59 59 3000
FAX: [381] 38 549 890
Flag descriptioncentered on a dark blue field is the geographical shape of Kosovo in a gold color surmounted by six white, five-pointed stars arrayed in a slight arc; each star represents one of the major ethnic groups of Kosovo: Albanians, Serbs, Turks, Gorani, Roma, and Bosniaks
National anthemname: "Europe"
lyrics/music: none/Mendi MENGJIQI
note: adopted 2008; Kosovo chose to not include lyrics in its anthem so as not to offend minority ethnic groups in the country
GroupAll, Europe

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013