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Kosovo Geography Profile 2017

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LocationSoutheast Europe, between Serbia and Macedonia
Geographic coordinates42 35 N, 21 00 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 10,887 sq km
land: 10,887 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly larger than Delaware
Land boundariestotal: 714 km
border countries (4): Albania 112 km, Macedonia 160 km, Montenegro 76 km, Serbia 366 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climateinfluenced by continental air masses resulting in relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns; Mediterranean and alpine influences create regional variation; maximum rainfall between October and December
Terrainflat fluvial basin at an elevation of 400-700 m above sea level surrounded by several high mountain ranges with elevations of 2,000 to 2,500 m
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 450 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Drini i Bardhe/Beli Drim 297 m (located on the border with Albania)
highest point: Gjeravica/Deravica 2,656 m
Natural resourcesnickel, lead, zinc, magnesium, lignite, kaolin, chrome, bauxite
Land useagricultural land: 52.8%
arable land 27.4%; permanent crops 1.9%; permanent pasture 23.5%
forest: 41.7%
other: 5.5% (2001 est.)
Irrigated landNA
Population distributionpockets of agglomeration exist throughout the country, the largest being in the east in and around the capital of Pristina
Geography - notethe 41-km long Nerodimka River divides into two branches each of which flows into a different sea: the northern branch flows into the Sitnica River, which via the Ibar, Morava, and Danube Rivers ultimately flows into the Black Sea; the southern branch flows via the Lepenac and Vardar Rivers into the Aegean Sea

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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