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Kenya Geography Profile 2014

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LocationEastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania
Geographic coordinates1 00 N, 38 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 580,367 sq km
land: 569,140 sq km
water: 11,227 sq km
Area - comparativefive times the size of Ohio; slightly more than twice the size of Nevada
Land boundariestotal: 3,457 km
border countries: Ethiopia 867 km, Somalia 684 km, South Sudan 317 km, Tanzania 775 km, Uganda 814 km
Coastline536 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climatevaries from tropical along coast to arid in interior
Terrainlow plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west
Elevation extremeslowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m
Natural resourceslimestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower
Land usearable land: 9.48%
permanent crops: 1.12%
other: 89.4% (2011)
Irrigated land1,032 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources30.7 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)total: 2.74 cu km/yr (17%/4%/79%)
per capita: 72.96 cu m/yr (2003)
Natural hazardsrecurring drought; flooding during rainy seasons
volcanism: limited volcanic activity; the Barrier (elev. 1,032 m) last erupted in 1921; South Island is the only other historically active volcano
Environment - current issueswater pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers are found on Mount Kenya, Africa's second highest peak; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on June 30, 2015

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