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Kenya Demographics Profile 2016

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Population46,790,758
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 40.87% (male 9,592,017/female 9,532,032)
15-24 years: 18.83% (male 4,398,554/female 4,411,586)
25-54 years: 33.54% (male 7,938,111/female 7,755,128)
55-64 years: 3.84% (male 819,665/female 976,862)
65 years and over: 2.92% (male 590,961/female 775,842) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 80.9%
youth dependency ratio: 75.8%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.1%
potential support ratio: 19.7% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 19.5 years
male: 19.4 years
female: 19.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.81% (2016 est.)
Birth rate25.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate6.8 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 25.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 4.34% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationNAIROBI (capital) 3.915 million; Mombassa 1.104 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.76 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.3
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 38.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 42.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 33.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 64 years
male: 62.6 years
female: 65.5 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate3.14 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate45.5% (2008/09)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate5.91% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,517,700 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths35,800 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 81.6% of population
rural: 56.8% of population
total: 63.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 18.4% of population
rural: 43.2% of population
total: 36.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 31.2% of population
rural: 29.7% of population
total: 30.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 68.8% of population
rural: 70.3% of population
total: 69.9% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Kenyan(s)
adjective: Kenyan
Ethnic groupsKikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
ReligionsChristian 83% (Protestant 47.7%, Catholic 23.4%, other Christian 11.9%), Muslim 11.2%, Traditionalists 1.7%, other 1.6%, none 2.4%, unspecified 0.2% (2009 est.)
LanguagesEnglish (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 78%
male: 81.1%
female: 74.9% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2009)
Education expenditures5.5% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate510 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight11% (2014)
Health expenditures5.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.2 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density1.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.9% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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