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Kenya Demographics Profile 2014

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Population45,010,056
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 42.1% (male 9,494,983/female 9,435,795)
15-24 years: 18.7% (male 4,197,382/female 4,202,399)
25-54 years: 32.8% (male 7,458,665/female 7,302,534)
55-64 years: 3.7% (male 751,296/female 910,523)
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 548,431/female 708,048) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 81 %
youth dependency ratio: 76.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9 %
potential support ratio: 20.4 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 19.1 years
male: 18.9 years
female: 19.2 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.11% (2014 est.)
Birth rate28.27 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-0.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 24% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.36% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationNAIROBI (capital) 3.363 million; Mombassa 972,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008-09 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 40.71 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 45.33 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 35.99 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 63.52 years
male: 62.06 years
female: 65.01 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate3.54 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate45.5% (2008/09)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate6.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1.646 million (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths57,500 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 82.3% of population
rural: 55.1% of population
total: 61.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 17.7% of population
rural: 44.9% of population
total: 38.3% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 31.3% of population
rural: 29.1% of population
total: 29.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 68.7% of population
rural: 70.9% of population
total: 70.4% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria, dengue fever, and Rift Valley fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Kenyan(s)
adjective: Kenyan
Ethnic groupsKikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
ReligionsChristian 82.5% (Protestant 47.4%, Catholic 23.3%, other 11.8%), Muslim 11.1%, Traditionalists 1.6%, other 1.7%, none 2.4%, unspecified 0.7% (2009 census)
LanguagesEnglish (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87.4%
male: 90.6%
female: 84.2% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2009)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 2,146,058
percentage: 26 % (2000 est.)
Education expenditures6.7% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate360 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight16.4% (2009)
Health expenditures4.5% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.18 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density1.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.2% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014