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Jordan Geography Profile 2017

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LocationMiddle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, between Israel (to the west) and Iraq
Geographic coordinates31 00 N, 36 00 E
Map referencesMiddle East
Areatotal: 89,342 sq km
land: 88,802 sq km
water: 540 sq km
Area - comparativeabout three-quarters the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Indiana
Land boundariestotal: 1,744 km
border countries (5): Iraq 179 km, Israel 307 km, Saudi Arabia 731 km, Syria 379 km, West Bank 148 km
Coastline26 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 3 nm
Climatemostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)
Terrainmostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates eastern and western banks of the Jordan River
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 812 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
highest point: Jabal Umm ad Dami 1,854 m
Natural resourcesphosphates, potash, shale oil
Land useagricultural land: 11.4%
arable land 2%; permanent crops 1%; permanent pasture 8.4%
forest: 1.1%
other: 87.5% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land964 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpopulation heavily concentrated in the west, and particularly the northwest, in and around the capital of Amman; a sizeable, but smaller population is located in the southwest along the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba
Natural hazardsdroughts; periodic earthquakes
Environment - current issueslimited natural freshwater resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notestrategic location at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba and as the Arab country that shares the longest border with Israel and the occupied West Bank

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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