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Republic of India
Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"[1]
Anthem: "Jana Gana Mana" (Hindi)[2]
"Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"[3][2]

National song
"Vande Mataram" (Sanskrit)
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"[a][1][2]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green;
claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalNew Delhi
28°36.8′N77°12.5′E / 28.6133°N 77.2083°E / 28.6133; 77.2083
Largest cityMumbai
18°58′30″N72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583
Official languages
Recognised regional languages
National languageNone[8][9]
Religion79.8% Hinduism
14.2% Islam
2.3% Christianity
1.7% Sikhism
0.7% Buddhism
0.4% Jainism
0.9% others[c][10]
DemonymIndian
GovernmentFederalparliamentary
constitutional republic[1]
Pranab Mukherjee
Mohammad Hamid Ansari
Narendra Modi
Jagdish Singh Khehar[11]
Sumitra Mahajan
LegislatureParliament of India
Rajya Sabha
Lok Sabha
Independence from United Kingdom
15 August 1947
26 January 1950
Area
• Total
3,287,263[5] km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)[d] (7th)
• Water (%)
9.6
Population
• 2017 estimate
1,326,572,000[12] (2nd)
• 2011 census
1,210,854,977[13][14] (2nd)
• Density
392.8/km2 (1,017.3/sq mi) (31st)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$9.489 trillion[15] (3rd)
• Per capita
$7,153[15] (122nd)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.454 trillion[15] (7th)
• Per capita
$1,850[15] (141st)
Gini (2013)33.9[16]
medium · 79th
HDI (2015)Increase 0.624[17]
medium · 131st
CurrencyIndian rupee () (INR)
Time zoneIST(UTC+05:30)
DST is not observed
Date formatDD-MM-YYYY
Drives on theleft
Calling code+91
ISO 3166 codeIN
Internet TLD

.in


Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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