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Hungary Geography Profile 2014

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LocationCentral Europe, northwest of Romania
Geographic coordinates47 00 N, 20 00 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 93,028 sq km
land: 89,608 sq km
water: 3,420 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Indiana
Land boundariestotal: 2,106 km
border countries: Austria 321 km, Croatia 348 km, Romania 424 km, Serbia 164 km, Slovakia 627 km, Slovenia 94 km, Ukraine 128 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatetemperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers
Terrainmostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border
Elevation extremeslowest point: Tisza River 78 m
highest point: Kekes 1,014 m
Natural resourcesbauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land
Land usearable land: 47.24%
permanent crops: 1.97%
other: 50.79% (2011)
Irrigated land1,409 sq km (2007)
Total renewable water resources104 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)total: 5.58 cu km/yr (12%/83%/5%)
per capita: 555.9 cu m/yr (2007)
Environment - current issuesthe upgrading of Hungary's standards in waste management, energy efficiency, and air, soil, and water pollution to meet EU requirements will require large investments
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notelandlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin; the north-south flowing Duna (Danube) and Tisza Rivers divide the country into three large regions

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014