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Guinea Geography Profile 2017

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LocationWestern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone
Geographic coordinates11 00 N, 10 00 W
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 245,857 sq km
land: 245,717 sq km
water: 140 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Oregon
Land boundariestotal: 4,046 km
border countries (6): Cote d'Ivoire 816 km, Guinea-Bissau 421 km, Liberia 590 km, Mali 1,062 km, Senegal 363 km, Sierra Leone 794 km
Coastline320 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climategenerally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Terraingenerally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 472 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m
Natural resourcesbauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt
Land useagricultural land: 58.1%
arable land 11.8%; permanent crops 2.8%; permanent pasture 43.5%
forest: 26.5%
other: 15.4% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land950 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; inadequate potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region; poor mining practices have led to environmental damage
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe Niger and its important tributary the Milo River have their sources in the Guinean highlands

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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