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Greenland
Kalaallit Nunaat
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: 
Nunarput utoqqarsuanngoravit
You Our Ancient Land
Nuna asiilasooq[a]
The Land of Great Length
Location of Greenland in the Northern Hemisphere
Location of Greenland in the Northern Hemisphere
Location of the Kingdom of Denmark: Greenland, the Faroe Islands (circled), and Denmark.
Location of the Kingdom of Denmark: Greenland, the Faroe Islands (circled), and Denmark.
Capital
and largest city
Nuuk Coat of Arms.gif Nuuk
64°10′N51°44′W / 64.167°N 51.733°W / 64.167; -51.733
Official languagesGreenlandic (Kalaallisut)[a]
Other languagesDanish[a]
Ethnic groups
Demonym
  • Greenlander
  • Greenlandic
Sovereign state Kingdom of Denmark
GovernmentDevolved government within parliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
 - QueenMargrethe II
 - High CommissionerMikaela Engell
 - Prime MinisterKim Kielsen
 - Speaker of the InatsisartutLars Emil Johansen
LegislatureInatsisartut
Autonomy within the Kingdom of Denmark
 - Norwegiansovereignty[b]1262 
 - Contact re-established1721 
 - Ceded to Denmark[c]14 January 1814 
 - Amt status5 June 1953 
 - Home rule1 May 1979 
 - Further autonomy and self rule21 June 2009[2][3] 
Area
 - Total2,166,086 km2 (12th)
836,109 sq mi
 - Water (%)83.1[d]
Population
 - estimate55,984 (1 January 2015)[4] (212th)
 - Density0.026/km2 (244th)
0.069/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
 - Total11.59 billion kr.[5] (n/a)
 - Per capita37,009.047 USD (n/a)
CurrencyDanish krone (DKK)
Time zone(UTC+0 to −4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+299
ISO 3166 codeGL
Internet TLD.gl
a.^ Greenlandic has been the sole official language of Greenland since 2009.[2][6]
b.^ Danish monarchy reached Greenland in 1380 with the reign of Olav IV in Norway.
c.^ Although previously under Danish monarchy for four hundred years, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and Iceland were formally Norwegian possessions until 1814.
d.^ As of 2000:
410,449 km2 (158,475 sq mi) ice-free;
1,755,637 km2 (677,855 sq mi) ice-covered.
Density: 0.14/km2 (0.36 /sq. mi) for ice-free areas.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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