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Greenland
Kalaallit Nunaat
FlagCoat of arms
Anthem: 
Nunarput utoqqarsuanngoravit
You Our Ancient Land
Nuna asiilasooq[a]
The Land of Great Length
Location of Greenland
Location of Greenland
Location of the Danish Realm: Greenland, the Faroe Islands (circled), and Denmark
Location of the Danish Realm: Greenland, the Faroe Islands (circled), and Denmark
Capital
and largest city
Nuuk Coat of Arms.gif Nuuk
64°10′N51°44′W / 64.167°N 51.733°W / 64.167; -51.733
Official languagesGreenlandic[a]
Other languagesDanish[a]
Ethnic groups
ReligionChurch of Denmark
Demonym
  • Greenlander
  • Greenlandic
Sovereign state Kingdom of Denmark
GovernmentDevolved government within parliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
 • MonarchMargrethe II
 • High CommissionerMikaela Engell
 • Prime MinisterKim Kielsen
 • Speaker of the InatsisartutLars Emil Johansen
LegislatureInatsisartut
Autonomy within the Kingdom of Denmark
 • Norse colonization11th century 
 • Unified with Norway[b]1262 
 • Contact re-established (Dano-Norwegian coloni.)1721 
 • Ceded to Denmark[c]14 January 1814 
 • Amt status5 June 1953 
 • Home rule1 May 1979 
 • Further autonomy and self rule21 June 2009[3][4] 
Area
 • Total2,166,086 (410,449 ice-free) km2 (12th)
836,109 sq mi
 • Water (%)83.1[d]
Population
 • estimate56,483 (14 September 2016)[5] (0)
 • census0
 • Density0.028 (0.16 on ice-free areas)/km2 (last)
0.069/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
 • Total11.59 billion kr.[6] (n/a)
 • Per capita37,009 USD (n/a)
HDI (2010)Increase 0.786[7]
high ·61st
CurrencyDanish krone (DKK)
Time zone(UTC+0 to −4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+299
ISO 3166 codeGL
Internet TLD.gl
a.^ Greenlandic has been the sole official language of Greenland since 2009.[3][8]
b.^ Danish influence reached Greenland in 1380 with the reign of Olav IV in Norway, son of Haakon VI of Norway and Margaret I of Denmark.
c.^ Although previously under Danish monarchy for four hundred years, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and Iceland were formally Norwegian possessions until 1814.
d.^ As of 2000:
410,449 km2 (158,475 sq mi) ice-free;
1,755,637 km2 (677,855 sq mi) ice-covered.
Density: 0.14/km2 (0.36 /sq. mi) for ice-free areas.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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