Definition: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labor force. Rates below two children indicate populations decreasing in size and growing older. Global fertility rates are in general decline and this trend is most pronounced in industrialized countries, especially Western Europe, where populations are projected to decline dramatically over the next 50 years.
Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2012See also: Total fertility rate map
Did Russia Really Boost Its Birthrate by Promising New Mothers Prize Money and Refrigerators?
Slate - 10/13/2014 6:32:10 PM
A family at Moscow's Sheremetyevo Airport. Russia is hardly the only country with worries about population decline—birthrates are falling below the replacement fertility rate in nearly every industrialized country in the world. Russia, though ...
World population likely to peak by 2070
Phys.org - 10/23/2014 12:43:52 PM
The book involved over 550 experts in a series of surveys and expert workshops held on five continents, in order to include the most accurate and up-to-date information on fertility rates, migration, and other demographic variables for each country around ...
World population unlikely to stop growing this century
Nature - 9/17/2014 11:56:29 PM
Low birth rates are beginning to raise concerns even in countries that until not long ago had high fertility rates, such as Turkey and Iran. Many demographers expected that similar trends would catch on in Africa, but the fertility rate in sub-Saharan ...
A World With 11 Billion People? New Population Projections Shatter Earlier Estimates
National Geographic - 9/18/2014 10:22:15 PM
... country's total fertility—the number of children the average woman bears in her lifetime—is the key variable in the "demographic transition" that every developing country is expected to go through. At the outset of the transition, high death rates ...
Can 11 billion people survive on this planet? (Wait, 11 billion?)
Seattle Post Intelligencer - 10/4/2014 11:57:48 PM
That’s 11 billion people total, according to a new study by the University ... According to the study, world population projections are based on life expectancy and fertility rates. If either changes, the projections shift. Africa has some of the highest ...
World population to keep growing this century, hit 11 billion by 2100
washington.edu - 9/19/2014 10:18:04 AM
That method, Raftery said, generates too great a range. “In a given year and country the fertility rate might be half a child higher, but the probability that it would be half a child higher in all countries in all years in the future is very low ...
Earth’s Population Could Reach 12.3 Billion by 2100, Scientists Say
sci-news.com - 9/19/2014 5:13:15 PM
“In a given year and country the fertility rate might be half a child higher, but the probability that it would be half a child higher in all countries in all years in the future is very low.” “Rising population could exacerbate world problems such ...
World population could surpass 13 BILLION by the end of the century
Mongabay - 9/17/2014 11:56:29 PM
The results follow a revision by the UN last year of population projections, which first reported that global population rates were not behaving ... policies that could accelerate fertility decline in high-fertility countries and so slow population growth."
It's not a small world after all: world population will soar
Philadelphia Daily News - 9/19/2014 9:49:26 AM
Raftery said the researchers used data on population, fertility, mortality and migration from every country and then predicted future rates using new statistical models. Some of the figures, such as the median projection of the population hitting 10.9 ...
Boom! Earth’s Population Could Hit 12 Billion by 2100
Wired News - 9/18/2014 1:54:00 PM
Within that total, populations will level off in Asia and ... A hint of this dynamic comes from countries like Uganda, said Lam, where fertility rates have stayed high despite economic growth. Lam did caution that predicted growth is not inevitable.
World’s population unlikely to level off anytime soon — may hit 12 billion by 2100
Washington Post - 9/23/2014 2:20:53 AM
(Raveen Dran/AFP/Getty Images) Raftery said the researchers used data on population, fertility, mortality and migration from every country and then predicted future rates using new statistical models. Some of the figures, such as the median projection of ...
World Should Prepare for 11 Billion or More People
Scientific American - 9/18/2014 11:55:18 PM
Still, "the total population may continue to grow ... to aid family planning than even providing money for contraceptives does. The countries with the highest fertility rates also have high rates of girls failing to receive an education.
Country Well-Being Varies Greatly Worldwide
Call UP - 9/16/2014 4:55:20 PM
Thriving Rates Highest ... well-being of the 135 countries and areas in the 2013 survey. Both countries are conflict zones. By the end of 2013, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees estimated that 6.5 million of a total population of 22 million ...
World's population to reach 11 billion by 2100
Times of India - 9/19/2014 5:27:34 PM
The main reason is that birth rates in sub ... part due to higher fertility and a recent slowdown in the pace of fertility decline. Also, the ratio of working age people to older people is likely to decline substantially in all countries, even those ...
The World's Population Is Unlikely To Stabilize This Century
Io9 - 9/18/2014 5:07:17 PM
Unlike the previous analysis, which depended too heavily on expert opinion, the new technique used statistical methods to combine government data and expert forecasts to such things as mortality rates ... growth in high-fertility countries can create ...