Definition: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labor force. Rates below two children indicate populations decreasing in size and growing older. Global fertility rates are in general decline and this trend is most pronounced in industrialized countries, especially Western Europe, where populations are projected to decline dramatically over the next 50 years.
Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2012See also: Total fertility rate map
World Bank backs contraception, sexual health in Sahel region
Reuters - 3/31/2015 3:40:22 PM
That demographic trend played a major role in the economic ascension of Asian countries like Korea and India between the 1960s and 2000s. But Lemiere said that fertility rates in the Sahel need to drop rapidly. "To trigger the quick fertility transition ...
World’s oldest person dies in Japan at 117
Gulf News - 4/1/2015 11:14:20 AM
Japan’s life expectancy is 84 years at birth, the longest in the world, according to the World Health Organisation. That is often attributed to the country’s traditional ... combined with a slump in the fertility rate to well below replacement levels ...
Warning Bell for Developed Countries: Declining Birth Rates
Forbes - 10/16/2012 6:28:12 PM
... rate that keeps a population stable—for developed countries is 2.1, yet nearly half the world’s population has birth rates lower than that. The U.S. has a total fertility rate (TFR) of 2.0—nearly the replacement rate—with Hispanic immigrants ...
Report: Egypt, Nigeria led world in death sentences in 2014
Herald and News - 4/1/2015 8:36:51 AM
more than a third of the world's total, Amnesty International says in its latest annual report on the death penalty. The London-based human rights group expressed alarm at the 28 percent jump in death sentences: 2,466 people in 55 countries were condemned ...
Picking Every Cricket World Cup Team's Star Player
Bleacher Report - 4/1/2015 3:17:42 PM
Zadran also made history with the bat, hitting the runs that clinched his ... as a strike rate of 105.87. United Arab Emirates may have finished bottom of Group B, but there were still some individual highlights in their second Cricket World Cup appearance.
Transportation Strike in Argentina Shuts Down Country
World Politics Review - 4/1/2015 6:45:18 PM
"Total impact," said Roberto Fernandez, leader of the Automotive Tramways Union, one of the main organizers, told Radio Mitre. "But for us there is no happiness here because the country loses ... Fernandez's say the tax rates are fair and affect only ...
Globorisk a world first for predicting CVD risk
imt.ie - 4/1/2015 7:18:06 AM
and total cholesterol level, while adjusting for the effects of sex and age on cardiovascular disease between countries. The researchers recalibrated and applied their risk score to 11 countries from different world regions, using data from recent national ...
Madhya Pradesh struggling to match country's total fertility rate
Times of India - 5/30/2012 12:56:08 AM
Kerala and Punjab succeeded in controlling the total fertility rate (TFR - the average number of children expected to be born per woman during her reproductive years), Madhya Pradesh continues its struggle to match the country's average TFR of 2.5 ...
10 Countries With the Largest Projected Population Growth: American Exceptionalism
The Huffington Post - 1/31/2012 6:38:53 AM
Data from the OECD is readily available online and makes for a great data source for cross-country comparisons. Population projections and total fertility rates for this article came from the World Population Prospects 2010. GDP per capita estimates were ...
World’s oldest person Misao Okawa dies aged 117 in Japan
Financial Times - 4/1/2015 10:48:41 PM
When Okawa was born in 1898, the fourth daughter of a family who ran a kimono store, Japan was a poor but rapidly developing country that had just begun ... combined with a slump in the fertility rate to well below replacement levels starting from the ...
How low fertility rates, demographic change affect Europe
Technician Online - 1/11/2015 11:26:17 PM
the total fertility rate has fallen more than 50 percent, to 1.48 children per female, which is one of the world’s lowest birth rate. The low birth rate and the rapid aging of population threaten the labor force and the economy. Countries such as Spain ...
Foreign adoptions by Americans lowest since 1982
The Christian Science Monitor - 4/1/2015 11:50:07 AM
China accounted for the most children adopted in the U.S., but its total of 2,040 was down more than 10 percent from 2013 and far below the peak of 7,903 in 2005. Since then, China has expanded its domestic adoption program and sought to curtail the rate ...
Total control: is Monsanto unstoppable?
New Internationalist - 4/1/2015 12:25:55 PM
Vanessa Baird examines the company that would feed the world. Lisa Safarian seems a caring kind of ... knowing what they are putting in their mouths. GM? At least 26 countries have total or partial bans on GM. 64 countries have mandatory labelling of ...
Korea's Total Fertility Rate Still Near the Bottom of the World
CHOSUNILBO - 11/17/2011 12:44:01 AM
Korea's total fertility rate ranks 217th among 222 countries this year with a mere 1.23 babies per woman, according to the 2011 CIA World Factbook quoted by the Korea Development Institute on Wednesday. The fertility rate is the average number of children ...
World population to peak by 2055: report
CNBC - 9/9/2013 11:52:03 AM
The world population will peak at 8.7 billion people in ... South Korea and Brazil now have the largest declines in fertility. He argued that poorer countries needed a higher total fertility rate (TFR) -- the average number of live births per woman over ...