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Fiji Geography Profile 2014

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LocationOceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Geographic coordinates18 00 S, 175 00 E
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 18,274 sq km
land: 18,274 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline1,129 km
Maritime claimsmeasured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added
Climatetropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
Terrainmostly mountains of volcanic origin
Elevation extremeslowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m
Natural resourcestimber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
Land usearable land: 9.17%
permanent crops: 4.65%
other: 86.17% (2011)
Irrigated land30 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources28.55 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)total: 0.08 cu km/yr (30%/11%/59%)
per capita: 100.1 cu m/yr (2005)
Natural hazardscyclonic storms can occur from November to January
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - noteincludes 332 islands; approximately 110 are inhabited

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014