Virginia Poverty Rate by County

Data Item State
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People of all ages in poverty - percent, 2006-2010 - (Percent)
County Value
Accomack 15.6
Albemarle 8.1
Alexandria city 7.8
Alleghany 10.9
Amelia 10.0
Amherst 13.1
Appomattox 13.8
Arlington 7.0
Augusta 9.1
Bath 10.3
Bedford 8.7
Bedford city 16.5
Bland 11.7
Botetourt 5.6
Bristol city 23.4
Brunswick 21.0
Buchanan 21.8
Buckingham 19.0
Buena Vista city 20.6
Campbell 12.2
Caroline 7.7
Carroll 15.7
Charles City 9.7
Charlotte 15.8
Charlottesville city 27.1
Chesapeake city 6.8
Chesterfield 5.9
Clarke 7.3
Colonial Heights city 7.5
Covington city 18.6
Craig 7.2
Culpeper 6.7
Cumberland 16.1
Danville city 24.4
Dickenson 19.1
Dinwiddie 11.8
Emporia city 26.0
Essex 8.4
Fairfax 5.1
Fairfax city 5.0
Falls Church city 4.8
Fauquier 5.4
Floyd 14.5
Fluvanna 7.5
Franklin 13.2
Franklin city 22.1
Frederick 7.9
Fredericksburg city 17.6
Galax city 32.3
Giles 15.0
Gloucester 9.3
Goochland 7.1
Grayson 15.6
Greene 8.4
Greensville 16.8
Halifax 20.0
Hampton city 12.6
Hanover 4.3
Harrisonburg city 32.7
Henrico 9.6
Henry 16.8
Highland 8.8
Hopewell city 20.4
Isle of Wight 8.2
James City 7.0
King and Queen 13.1
King George 7.1
King William 7.6
Lancaster 10.1
Lee 21.2
Lexington city 30.8
Loudoun 3.2
Louisa 10.1
Lunenburg 16.3
Lynchburg city 22.7
Madison 12.6
Manassas city 13.4
Manassas Park city 7.3
Martinsville city 23.5
Mathews 8.3
Mecklenburg 18.8
Middlesex 10.3
Montgomery 22.6
Nelson 11.9
New Kent 4.4
Newport News city 13.5
Norfolk city 16.5
Northampton 18.6
Northumberland 10.9
Norton city 22.6
Nottoway 17.3
Orange 9.7
Page 12.8
Patrick 14.5
Petersburg city 20.2
Pittsylvania 15.1
Poquoson city 4.9
Portsmouth city 15.2
Powhatan 4.7
Prince Edward 16.9
Prince George 6.7
Prince William 5.3
Pulaski 14.7
Radford city 30.8
Rappahannock 10.3
Richmond 11.6
Richmond city 25.3
Roanoke 5.1
Roanoke city 20.9
Rockbridge 12.4
Rockingham 10.2
Russell 17.2
Salem city 8.8
Scott 18.4
Shenandoah 9.3
Smyth 19.1
Southampton 15.8
Spotsylvania 7.4
Stafford 4.0
Staunton city 15.2
Suffolk city 11.2
Surry 6.6
Sussex 19.6
Tazewell 16.9
Virginia Beach city 6.8
Warren 9.6
Washington 14.7
Waynesboro city 19.4
Westmoreland 9.7
Williamsburg city 16.5
Winchester city 17.0
Wise 20.3
Wythe 15.5
York 3.9

Value for Virginia (Percent): 10.3%

Data item: People of all ages in poverty - percent, 2006-2010

Source: U. S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates. Updated every year.


Poverty statistics in ACS products adhere to the standards specified by the Office of Management and Budget in Statistical Policy Directive 14. The Census Bureau uses a set of dollar value thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty. Further, poverty thresholds for people living alone or with nonrelatives (unrelated individuals) vary by age (under 65 years or 65 years and older). The poverty thresholds for two-person families also vary by the age of the householder. If a family's total income is less than the dollar value of the appropriate threshold, then that family and every individual in it are considered to be in poverty. Similarly, if an unrelated individual's total income is less than the appropriate threshold, then that individual is considered to be in poverty.

How the Census Bureau Determines Poverty Status

Poverty status is determined by comparing annual income to a set of dollar values called poverty thresholds that vary by family size, number of children and age of householder. If a family's before tax money income is less than the dollar value of their threshold, then that family and every individual in it are considered to be in poverty. For people not living in families, poverty status is determined by comparing the individual's income to his or her poverty threshold.

The poverty thresholds are updated annually to allow for changes in the cost of living using the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). They do not vary geographically. The ACS is a continuous survey and people respond throughout the year. Since income is reported for the previous 12 months, the appropriate poverty threshold for each family is determined by multiplying the base-year poverty threshold (1982) by the average of monthly CPI values for the 12 months preceding the survey month.

Scope and Methodology:

These data are collected in the American Community Survey (ACS). The data are estimates and are subject to sampling variability. The data for each geographic area are presented together with margins of error at The data are period estimates, that is, they represent the characteristics of the population over a specific 60-month data collection period.

Since answers to income questions are frequently based on memory and not on records, many people tended to forget minor or sporadic sources of income and, therefore, underreport their income. Underreporting tends to be more pronounced for income sources that are not derived from earnings, such as public assistance, interest, dividends, and net rental income.

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