North Carolina Poverty Rate by County

Data Item State
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People of all ages in poverty - percent, 2006-2010 - (Percent)
County Value
Alamance 16.3
Alexander 15.0
Alleghany 26.2
Anson 20.5
Ashe 17.8
Avery 18.1
Beaufort 17.2
Bertie 23.3
Bladen 24.1
Brunswick 13.5
Buncombe 14.7
Burke 17.3
Cabarrus 11.3
Caldwell 16.2
Camden 9.3
Carteret 12.2
Caswell 21.7
Catawba 12.5
Chatham 12.2
Cherokee 13.2
Chowan 17.4
Clay 21.4
Cleveland 19.4
Columbus 21.4
Craven 16.0
Cumberland 16.6
Currituck 8.5
Dare 10.5
Davidson 14.5
Davie 12.2
Duplin 23.7
Durham 16.1
Edgecombe 22.3
Forsyth 15.3
Franklin 15.0
Gaston 16.6
Gates 20.5
Graham 19.5
Granville 11.9
Greene 18.4
Guilford 15.9
Halifax 23.8
Harnett 16.5
Haywood 12.3
Henderson 12.7
Hertford 24.1
Hoke 21.2
Hyde 20.4
Iredell 12.4
Jackson 20.4
Johnston 15.1
Jones 16.8
Lee 15.0
Lenoir 22.7
Lincoln 13.8
Macon 16.9
Madison 16.9
Martin 23.4
McDowell 17.9
Mecklenburg 12.5
Mitchell 16.8
Montgomery 23.2
Moore 12.9
Nash 14.1
New Hanover 15.4
Northampton 21.7
Onslow 13.8
Orange 16.3
Pamlico 10.7
Pasquotank 18.1
Pender 14.8
Perquimans 18.0
Person 16.0
Pitt 23.9
Polk 12.9
Randolph 17.2
Richmond 25.2
Robeson 30.2
Rockingham 15.6
Rowan 16.3
Rutherford 20.7
Sampson 20.4
Scotland 29.5
Stanly 12.7
Stokes 12.2
Surry 16.9
Swain 22.4
Transylvania 14.0
Tyrrell 21.9
Union 8.5
Vance 27.5
Wake 9.7
Warren 27.0
Washington 24.8
Watauga 24.8
Wayne 18.6
Wilkes 19.2
Wilson 21.0
Yadkin 14.7
Yancey 18.1

Value for North Carolina (Percent): 15.5%

Data item: People of all ages in poverty - percent, 2006-2010

Source: U. S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates. Updated every year.


Poverty statistics in ACS products adhere to the standards specified by the Office of Management and Budget in Statistical Policy Directive 14. The Census Bureau uses a set of dollar value thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty. Further, poverty thresholds for people living alone or with nonrelatives (unrelated individuals) vary by age (under 65 years or 65 years and older). The poverty thresholds for two-person families also vary by the age of the householder. If a family's total income is less than the dollar value of the appropriate threshold, then that family and every individual in it are considered to be in poverty. Similarly, if an unrelated individual's total income is less than the appropriate threshold, then that individual is considered to be in poverty.

How the Census Bureau Determines Poverty Status

Poverty status is determined by comparing annual income to a set of dollar values called poverty thresholds that vary by family size, number of children and age of householder. If a family's before tax money income is less than the dollar value of their threshold, then that family and every individual in it are considered to be in poverty. For people not living in families, poverty status is determined by comparing the individual's income to his or her poverty threshold.

The poverty thresholds are updated annually to allow for changes in the cost of living using the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). They do not vary geographically. The ACS is a continuous survey and people respond throughout the year. Since income is reported for the previous 12 months, the appropriate poverty threshold for each family is determined by multiplying the base-year poverty threshold (1982) by the average of monthly CPI values for the 12 months preceding the survey month.

Scope and Methodology:

These data are collected in the American Community Survey (ACS). The data are estimates and are subject to sampling variability. The data for each geographic area are presented together with margins of error at The data are period estimates, that is, they represent the characteristics of the population over a specific 60-month data collection period.

Since answers to income questions are frequently based on memory and not on records, many people tended to forget minor or sporadic sources of income and, therefore, underreport their income. Underreporting tends to be more pronounced for income sources that are not derived from earnings, such as public assistance, interest, dividends, and net rental income.

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