Michigan Poverty Rate by County

Data Item State
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People of all ages in poverty - percent, 2006-2010 - (Percent)
County Value
Alcona 14.6
Alger 12.3
Allegan 11.9
Alpena 15.9
Antrim 15.5
Arenac 16.5
Baraga 12.0
Barry 8.9
Bay 13.2
Benzie 11.1
Berrien 16.4
Branch 16.9
Calhoun 16.7
Cass 13.9
Charlevoix 11.3
Cheboygan 16.3
Chippewa 17.7
Clare 21.9
Clinton 8.5
Crawford 18.0
Delta 12.7
Dickinson 10.7
Eaton 9.1
Emmet 9.0
Genesee 18.1
Gladwin 19.0
Gogebic 17.5
Grand Traverse 9.7
Gratiot 17.3
Hillsdale 15.6
Houghton 22.3
Huron 13.3
Ingham 20.0
Ionia 15.4
Iosco 16.2
Iron 12.7
Isabella 29.7
Jackson 14.9
Kalamazoo 18.4
Kalkaska 16.9
Kent 14.3
Keweenaw 20.3
Lake 19.5
Lapeer 11.0
Leelanau 8.4
Lenawee 13.7
Livingston 6.2
Luce 17.4
Mackinac 14.7
Macomb 9.8
Manistee 13.2
Marquette 13.2
Mason 15.2
Mecosta 20.6
Menominee 12.2
Midland 11.0
Missaukee 14.4
Monroe 9.0
Montcalm 19.0
Montmorency 17.6
Muskegon 18.0
Newaygo 17.3
Oakland 8.7
Oceana 19.2
Ogemaw 18.5
Ontonagon 12.7
Osceola 18.5
Oscoda 20.4
Otsego 12.1
Ottawa 8.7
Presque Isle 12.0
Roscommon 22.0
Saginaw 18.5
Sanilac 14.8
Schoolcraft 17.6
Shiawassee 13.9
St. Clair 12.4
St. Joseph 15.1
Tuscola 15.8
Van Buren 15.8
Washtenaw 13.7
Wayne 21.4
Wexford 17.3

Value for Michigan (Percent): 14.8%

Data item: People of all ages in poverty - percent, 2006-2010

Source: U. S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates. Updated every year. http://factfinder2.census.gov


Poverty statistics in ACS products adhere to the standards specified by the Office of Management and Budget in Statistical Policy Directive 14. The Census Bureau uses a set of dollar value thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty. Further, poverty thresholds for people living alone or with nonrelatives (unrelated individuals) vary by age (under 65 years or 65 years and older). The poverty thresholds for two-person families also vary by the age of the householder. If a family's total income is less than the dollar value of the appropriate threshold, then that family and every individual in it are considered to be in poverty. Similarly, if an unrelated individual's total income is less than the appropriate threshold, then that individual is considered to be in poverty.

How the Census Bureau Determines Poverty Status

Poverty status is determined by comparing annual income to a set of dollar values called poverty thresholds that vary by family size, number of children and age of householder. If a family's before tax money income is less than the dollar value of their threshold, then that family and every individual in it are considered to be in poverty. For people not living in families, poverty status is determined by comparing the individual's income to his or her poverty threshold.

The poverty thresholds are updated annually to allow for changes in the cost of living using the Consumer Price Index (CPI-U). They do not vary geographically. The ACS is a continuous survey and people respond throughout the year. Since income is reported for the previous 12 months, the appropriate poverty threshold for each family is determined by multiplying the base-year poverty threshold (1982) by the average of monthly CPI values for the 12 months preceding the survey month.

Scope and Methodology:

These data are collected in the American Community Survey (ACS). The data are estimates and are subject to sampling variability. The data for each geographic area are presented together with margins of error at factfinder2.census.gov. The data are period estimates, that is, they represent the characteristics of the population over a specific 60-month data collection period.

Since answers to income questions are frequently based on memory and not on records, many people tended to forget minor or sporadic sources of income and, therefore, underreport their income. Underreporting tends to be more pronounced for income sources that are not derived from earnings, such as public assistance, interest, dividends, and net rental income.

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