United States - Total number of firms, 2007 by State

Data Item
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See also: County-level map

Total number of firms, 2007 - (Number)
State Value
Alabama 382,350
Alaska 68,728
Arizona 491,529
Arkansas 238,994
California 3,425,510
Colorado 547,770
Connecticut 332,150
Delaware 74,573
District of Columbia 55,887
Florida 2,009,589
Georgia 901,105
Hawaii 120,374
Idaho 151,671
Illinois 1,123,817
Indiana 482,847
Iowa 259,931
Kansas 237,040
Kentucky 337,600
Louisiana 375,808
Maine 150,389
Maryland 528,112
Massachusetts 596,790
Michigan 816,972
Minnesota 496,657
Mississippi 225,977
Missouri 501,064
Montana 114,398
Nebraska 159,665
Nevada 221,260
New Hampshire 137,815
New Jersey 781,622
New Mexico 157,231
New York 1,956,733
North Carolina 798,791
North Dakota 61,546
Ohio 897,939
Oklahoma 333,797
Oregon 348,154
Pennsylvania 981,501
Rhode Island 96,822
South Carolina 360,397
South Dakota 76,997
Tennessee 545,348
Texas 2,164,852
Utah 246,393
Vermont 78,729
Virginia 638,643
Washington 551,340
West Virginia 120,381
Wisconsin 433,797
Wyoming 61,179

Value for the US (Number): 27,092,908

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2007 Economic Census: Survey of Business Owners. Updated every 5 years. http://www.census.gov/econ/sbo/


The 2007 Survey of Business Owners provides basic economic data on businesses owned by women, men, Hispanics, Blacks, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, and Whites. The survey is based on the entire firm rather than on establishments of a firm. The published data cover number of firms, gross receipts, number of paid employees, and annual payroll.

A firm may operate one place of business or more, such as a chain of restaurants, or have no fixed business location, such as the firm represented by a self-employed carpenter or salesperson. A firm contrasts with an establishment, which is a single physical location at which business is conducted. Most other data from the Economic Census are reported on an establishment basis rather than a firm basis.

Women-owned firms are those owned by sole proprietors who identified themselves as female, or, in the case of firms with multiple owners, where 51 percent or more of stock interest, claims or rights were held by females. Not included as women-owned are publicly held firms, foreign-owned companies, and not-for-profit companies.

Hispanic-owned firms are those where the sole proprietor was Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race, or, in the case of firms with multiple owners, where 51 percent of the stock interest, claims or rights were held by members of those groups. Not included as Hispanic-owned are publicly held firms, foreign-owned companies, and not-for-profit companies.

Race categories represented on the survey questionnaires include American Indian or Alaska Native; Asian; Black or African American; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; and White. Not included in the tabulations for any of these categories are publicly held firms, foreign-owned companies, and not-for-profit companies, although the denominators for each percentage do include these companies.

The race categories and Hispanic subgroups used in the 2007 SBO are consistent with those mandated by the Office of Management and Budget. These standards were developed by both the Executive Branch and Congress.

Detail may not add to total because a Hispanic or Latino firm may be of any race. Moreover, each owner had the option of selecting more than one race and is included in each race selected. Firms with more than one domestic establishment are counted in each industry and geographic area in which they operate.

Scope and Methodology:

Percent women-owned firms and percent owned by one of the specified groups is determined by dividing the number of firms owned by that group by the number of all firms in the same area. The raw numbers are shown in the link below, or may be accessed through the "Browse more data sets..." page.

These data were obtained from a stratified sample of firms. Estimates are subject to sampling variability. Standard errors are published in the detailed data sets linked below. Data are shown with an "S" where publication standards are not met, such as where the relative standard error of the sales and receipts is 50 percent or more.