South Africa - Water pollution

Water pollution, clay and glass industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, clay and glass industry (% of total BOD emissions) in South Africa was 5.21 as of 2007. Its highest value over the past 16 years was 5.85 in 1993, while its lowest value was 3.24 in 2001.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: stone, ceramics, and glass (36). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1991 5.54
1993 5.85
1994 5.52
1995 5.22
1996 5.21
1997 5.19
1998 4.20
1999 3.63
2000 3.26
2001 3.24
2002 3.29
2003 4.54
2004 5.04
2005 5.26
2006 5.25
2007 5.21

Water pollution, chemical industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, chemical industry (% of total BOD emissions) in South Africa was 10.58 as of 2007. Its highest value over the past 16 years was 15.60 in 2004, while its lowest value was 10.58 in 2007.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: chemicals (35). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1991 11.85
1993 13.21
1994 12.41
1995 12.72
1996 12.23
1997 12.21
1998 14.25
1999 14.09
2000 14.99
2001 14.15
2002 14.27
2003 14.85
2004 15.60
2005 11.19
2006 11.44
2007 10.58

Water pollution, food industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, food industry (% of total BOD emissions) in South Africa was 15.65 as of 2007. Its highest value over the past 16 years was 16.94 in 1993, while its lowest value was 13.06 in 2004.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: food and beverages (31). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1991 15.52
1993 16.94
1994 15.66
1995 15.23
1996 15.00
1997 15.06
1998 14.51
1999 15.33
2000 14.35
2001 14.72
2002 13.92
2003 13.66
2004 13.06
2005 15.53
2006 14.75
2007 15.65

Water pollution, metal industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, metal industry (% of total BOD emissions) in South Africa was 9.93 as of 2007. Its highest value over the past 16 years was 9.93 in 2007, while its lowest value was 5.75 in 2006.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: primary metals (ISIC division 37). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1991 6.88
1993 9.00
1994 9.32
1995 8.92
1996 8.68
1997 8.73
1998 8.59
1999 8.06
2000 7.20
2001 7.48
2002 7.71
2003 8.40
2004 8.27
2005 5.91
2006 5.75
2007 9.93

Water pollution, other industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, other industry (% of total BOD emissions) in South Africa was 37.43 as of 2007. Its highest value over the past 16 years was 39.63 in 2006, while its lowest value was 27.33 in 1993.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: other (38 and 39). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1991 31.32
1993 27.33
1994 28.99
1995 29.43
1996 29.80
1997 29.58
1998 29.96
1999 29.55
2000 29.48
2001 29.67
2002 30.35
2003 31.29
2004 30.72
2005 38.83
2006 39.63
2007 37.43

Water pollution, paper and pulp industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, paper and pulp industry (% of total BOD emissions) in South Africa was 6.58 as of 2007. Its highest value over the past 16 years was 8.86 in 2004, while its lowest value was 6.45 in 2005.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: paper and pulp (34). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1991 6.66
1993 7.31
1994 7.13
1995 7.16
1996 6.76
1997 7.10
1998 7.18
1999 7.54
2000 8.00
2001 8.27
2002 8.01
2003 7.77
2004 8.86
2005 6.45
2006 6.98
2007 6.58

Water pollution, textile industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, textile industry (% of total BOD emissions) in South Africa was 10.37 as of 2007. Its highest value over the past 16 years was 18.60 in 1991, while its lowest value was 10.37 in 2007.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: textiles (32). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1991 18.60
1993 15.79
1994 15.98
1995 16.57
1996 17.88
1997 17.38
1998 15.77
1999 16.11
2000 16.48
2001 16.28
2002 16.35
2003 15.68
2004 14.66
2005 12.55
2006 11.92
2007 10.37

Water pollution, wood industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, wood industry (% of total BOD emissions) in South Africa was 4.24 as of 2007. Its highest value over the past 16 years was 6.24 in 2000, while its lowest value was 3.63 in 1991.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: wood (33). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1991 3.63
1993 4.56
1994 4.99
1995 4.75
1996 4.44
1997 4.75
1998 5.54
1999 5.68
2000 6.24
2001 6.20
2002 6.09
2003 3.81
2004 3.81
2005 4.28
2006 4.28
2007 4.24

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Water pollution