Panama - Water pollution

Water pollution, clay and glass industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, clay and glass industry (% of total BOD emissions) in Panama was 3.98 as of 2005. Its highest value over the past 13 years was 7.80 in 1999, while its lowest value was 3.98 in 2005.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: stone, ceramics, and glass (36). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1992 5.45
1993 6.94
1994 7.38
1996 6.22
1997 6.59
1998 6.51
1999 7.80
2000 7.64
2001 5.54
2004 4.37
2005 3.98

Water pollution, chemical industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, chemical industry (% of total BOD emissions) in Panama was 6.94 as of 2005. Its highest value over the past 13 years was 13.25 in 1996, while its lowest value was 6.94 in 2005.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: chemicals (35). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1992 12.64
1993 12.64
1994 12.17
1996 13.25
1997 12.77
1998 12.82
1999 11.50
2000 11.19
2001 8.09
2004 7.72
2005 6.94

Water pollution, food industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, food industry (% of total BOD emissions) in Panama was 55.22 as of 2005. Its highest value over the past 13 years was 55.22 in 2005, while its lowest value was 44.29 in 1994.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: food and beverages (31). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1992 46.62
1993 44.83
1994 44.29
1996 46.94
1997 49.44
1998 49.93
1999 50.33
2000 53.47
2001 53.20
2004 54.85
2005 55.22

Water pollution, metal industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, metal industry (% of total BOD emissions) in Panama was 0.89 as of 2005. Its highest value over the past 13 years was 1.87 in 1994, while its lowest value was 0.89 in 2005.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: primary metals (ISIC division 37). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1992 1.45
1993 1.53
1994 1.87
1996 1.21
1997 1.42
1998 1.32
1999 1.42
2000 1.33
2001 1.61
2004 1.17
2005 0.89

Water pollution, other industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, other industry (% of total BOD emissions) in Panama was 15.01 as of 2005. Its highest value over the past 13 years was 15.01 in 2005, while its lowest value was 2.37 in 1997.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: other (38 and 39). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1992 2.67
1993 2.90
1994 2.83
1996 3.37
1997 2.37
1998 3.20
1999 3.30
2000 3.44
2001 12.43
2004 13.75
2005 15.01

Water pollution, paper and pulp industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, paper and pulp industry (% of total BOD emissions) in Panama was 11.60 as of 2005. Its highest value over the past 13 years was 12.46 in 1999, while its lowest value was 9.30 in 1992.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: paper and pulp (34). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1992 9.30
1993 9.56
1994 9.98
1996 11.24
1997 11.26
1998 10.99
1999 12.46
2000 12.39
2001 10.06
2004 10.84
2005 11.60

Water pollution, textile industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, textile industry (% of total BOD emissions) in Panama was 4.72 as of 2005. Its highest value over the past 13 years was 19.61 in 1992, while its lowest value was 4.72 in 2005.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: textiles (32). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1992 19.61
1993 19.21
1994 18.94
1996 15.48
1997 13.97
1998 13.18
1999 11.07
2000 8.73
2001 7.43
2004 5.93
2005 4.72

Water pollution, wood industry (% of total BOD emissions)

Water pollution, wood industry (% of total BOD emissions) in Panama was 1.65 as of 2005. Its highest value over the past 13 years was 2.54 in 1994, while its lowest value was 1.37 in 2004.

Definition: Industry shares of emissions of organic water pollutants refer to emissions from manufacturing activities as defined by two-digit divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 2: wood (33). Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants.

Source: 1998 study by Hemamala Hettige, Muthukumara Mani, and David Wheeler, "Industrial Pollution in Economic Development: Kuznets Revisited" (available at www.worldbank.org/nipr). The data were updated by the World Bank's Development Research Group using the same methodology as the initial study.

See also:

Year Value
1992 2.26
1993 2.41
1994 2.54
1996 2.30
1997 2.17
1998 2.05
1999 2.12
2000 1.81
2001 1.65
2004 1.37
2005 1.65

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Water pollution