Intentional homicides (per 100,000 people) - Country Ranking

Definition: Intentional homicides are estimates of unlawful homicides purposely inflicted as a result of domestic disputes, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, intergang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. Intentional homicide does not include all intentional killing; the difference is usually in the organization of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas killing in armed conflict is usually committed by fairly cohesive groups of up to several hundred members and is thus usually excluded.

Source: UN Office on Drugs and Crime's International Homicide Statistics database.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Honduras 84.29 2013
2 Venezuela 53.62 2012
3 Belize 45.09 2012
4 Jamaica 42.88 2013
5 El Salvador 39.79 2013
6 Lesotho 38.03 2010
7 Guatemala 34.57 2012
8 St. Kitts and Nevis 33.43 2012
9 South Africa 31.86 2013
10 Colombia 31.84 2013
11 Trinidad and Tobago 30.22 2013
12 The Bahamas 29.70 2012
13 Brazil 26.54 2013
14 Puerto Rico 26.49 2012
15 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 25.51 2012
16 Dominican Republic 22.04 2012
17 St. Lucia 21.57 2012
18 Tuvalu 20.09 2012
19 Guyana 19.46 2013
20 Mexico 18.91 2013
21 Namibia 17.46 2012
22 Swaziland 17.43 2010
23 Panama 17.15 2013
24 Botswana 15.39 2010
25 Cayman Islands 14.74 2009
26 Central African Republic 13.65 2012
27 Dem. Rep. Congo 13.48 2012
28 Grenada 13.31 2012
29 Côte d'Ivoire 12.44 2012
30 Ecuador 12.41 2012
31 Bolivia 12.09 2012
32 Mauritania 11.36 2012
33 Nicaragua 11.33 2012
34 Antigua and Barbuda 11.23 2012
35 Mali 11.21 2012
36 Angola 10.85 2012
37 Cabo Verde 10.64 2013
38 Congo 10.54 2012
39 Uganda 10.52 2013
40 Papua New Guinea 10.40 2010
41 Guinea-Bissau 10.29 2012
42 Nigeria 10.28 2012
43 Haiti 10.16 2012
44 The Gambia 9.60 2012
45 Chad 9.41 2012
46 Togo 9.41 2012
47 Gabon 9.41 2012
48 Philippines 9.31 2013
49 Suriname 9.28 2012
50 Guinea 9.03 2012
51 Russia 9.00 2013
52 Paraguay 8.89 2013
53 Barbados 8.44 2013
54 Dominica 8.40 2011
55 Costa Rica 8.39 2013
56 Tanzania 8.19 2012
57 Senegal 8.06 2012
58 Qatar 8.06 2012
59 Ethiopia 8.05 2012
60 Comoros 8.01 2012
61 Iraq 7.97 2011
62 Kiribati 7.93 2012
63 Kazakhstan 7.82 2013
64 Eritrea 7.76 2012
65 Pakistan 7.75 2012
66 Uruguay 7.71 2013
67 Zimbabwe 7.53 2012
68 Mongolia 7.45 2013
69 Lao PDR 7.23 2012
70 Argentina 7.03 2012
71 Djibouti 7.02 2012
72 Yemen 7.00 2013
73 Lithuania 6.76 2013
74 Peru 6.65 2013
75 Kenya 6.60 2013
76 Sudan 6.54 2012
77 Afghanistan 6.45 2012
78 Benin 6.33 2012
79 Saudi Arabia 6.24 2012
80 Zambia 6.16 2010
81 Somalia 5.58 2012
82 Kyrgyz Republic 5.37 2013
83 Moldova 5.02 2013
84 Thailand 4.90 2011
85 Palau 4.82 2012
86 Iran 4.77 2012
87 Niger 4.72 2012
88 Cuba 4.71 2011
89 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 4.69 2012
90 Lebanon 4.68 2013
91 Rwanda 4.61 2010
92 Turkey 4.35 2012
93 Turkmenistan 4.34 2012
94 Ukraine 4.32 2010
95 Georgia 4.26 2010
96 Burundi 4.19 2013
97 Estonia 4.08 2013
98 Albania 4.03 2013
99 United States 3.82 2013
100 Solomon Islands 3.77 2008
101 Mozambique 3.65 2010
102 Belarus 3.63 2012
103 Timor-Leste 3.61 2010
104 Equatorial Guinea 3.56 2012
105 Latvia 3.45 2013
106 Egypt 3.42 2011
107 India 3.34 2013
108 São Tomé and Principe 3.33 2011
109 Liberia 3.31 2012
110 New Caledonia 3.29 2009
111 Uzbekistan 3.26 2012
112 Samoa 3.17 2013
113 Chile 3.14 2012
114 Tunisia 3.07 2012
115 Fiji 3.01 2012
116 Nepal 2.87 2011
117 Vanuatu 2.85 2012
118 Bangladesh 2.79 2013
119 Sri Lanka 2.79 2013
120 Cameroon 2.77 2012
121 Mauritius 2.75 2011
122 Hungary 2.67 2013
123 Libya 2.52 2012
124 Myanmar 2.52 2012
125 Bhutan 2.47 2013
126 Jordan 2.45 2012
127 Azerbaijan 2.36 2013
128 Seychelles 2.19 2010
129 Syrian Arab Republic 2.15 2010
130 Armenia 2.02 2013
131 Kuwait 1.95 2012
132 Malaysia 1.91 2010
133 Cambodia 1.84 2011
134 Sierra Leone 1.82 2012
135 Malawi 1.79 2012
136 Belgium 1.76 2013
137 Greenland 1.76 2011
138 Israel 1.75 2012
139 Finland 1.72 2013
140 Ghana 1.71 2011
141 Malta 1.63 2013
142 Montenegro 1.60 2013
143 Romania 1.55 2013
144 Vietnam 1.51 2011
145 Bulgaria 1.50 2013
146 Tajikistan 1.46 2013
147 Serbia 1.45 2013
148 Canada 1.44 2013
149 Slovak Republic 1.43 2013
150 Macao SAR, China 1.43 2013
151 Greece 1.37 2013
152 Portugal 1.34 2013
153 Morocco 1.32 2013
154 Algeria 1.25 2013
155 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.22 2013
156 Oman 1.21 2011
157 France 1.20 2013
158 Ireland 1.11 2013
159 Australia 1.07 2013
160 Croatia 1.07 2013
161 Cyprus 1.04 2013
162 Macedonia 1.04 2013
163 New Zealand 1.04 2013
164 United Kingdom 0.96 2013
165 Tonga 0.95 2012
166 Czech Republic 0.93 2013
167 Norway 0.92 2013
168 Sweden 0.92 2013
169 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.88 2013
170 Korea 0.84 2012
171 China 0.82 2012
172 Italy 0.81 2013
173 Poland 0.78 2013
174 Denmark 0.75 2013
175 Netherlands 0.74 2013
176 Switzerland 0.73 2013
177 Burkina Faso 0.72 2012
178 Austria 0.71 2013
179 Germany 0.70 2013
180 Spain 0.63 2013
181 Madagascar 0.62 2010
182 United Arab Emirates 0.61 2013
183 Slovenia 0.58 2013
184 Indonesia 0.55 2013
185 Bahrain 0.55 2011
186 Brunei 0.47 2013
187 Singapore 0.31 2013
188 Iceland 0.31 2013
189 Japan 0.29 2013
190 Luxembourg 0.19 2013
191 Monaco 0.00 2008
191 Liechtenstein 0.00 2013
191 San Marino 0.00 2011
191 Andorra 0.00 2013

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Development Relevance: In some regions, organized crime, drug trafficking and the violent cultures of youth gangs are predominantly responsible for the high levels of homicide. There has been a sharp increase in homicides in some countries, particularly in Central America, are making the activities of organized crime and drug trafficking more visible. Greater use of firearms is often associated with the illicit activities of organized criminal groups, which are often linked to drug trafficking. Knowledge of the patterns and causes of violent crime are crucial to forming preventive strategies. Young males are the group most affected by violent crime in all regions, particularly in the Americas. Yet women of all ages are the victims of intimate partner and family-related violence in all regions and countries. Indeed, in many of them, it is within the home where a woman is most likely to be killed. Data on intentional homicides are from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), which uses a variety of national and international sources on homicides - primarily criminal justice sources as well as public health data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pan American Health Organization - and the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems to present accurate and comparable statistics. The UNODC defines homicide as "unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person." This definition excludes deaths arising from armed conflict.

Limitations and Exceptions: Statistics reported to the United Nations in the context of its various surveys on crime levels and criminal justice trends are incidents of victimization that have been reported to the authorities in any given country. That means that this data is subject to the problems of accuracy of all official crime data. The survey results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. The degree to which different societies apportion the level of culpability to acts resulting in death is also subject to variation. Consequently, the comparison between countries and regions of "intentional homicide", or unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person, is also a comparison of the extent to which different countries deem that a killing be classified as such, as well as the capacity of their legal systems to record it. Caution should therefore be applied when evaluating and comparing homicide data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The definitions used to produce data are in line with the homicide definition used in the UNODC Homicide Statistics dataset. On the basis of these selection criteria and subject to data availability, a long and continuous time series including recent data on homicide counts and rates has been identified or created at country level. Data included in the dataset correspond to the original value provided by the source of origin, since no statistical procedure or modeling was used to change collected values or to create new or revised figures. The intentional killing of a human being by another is the ultimate crime. Its indisputable physical consequences manifested in the form of a dead body also make it the most categorical and calculable. All existing data sources on intentional homicides, both at national and international level, stem from either criminal justice or public health systems. In the former case, data are generated by law enforcement or criminal justice authorities in the process of recording and investigating a crime event. In the latter, data are produced by health authorities certifying the cause of death of an individual. Criminal justice data were collected through UNODC regular collections of crime data from Member States, through publicly available data produced by national government sources and from data compiled by other international and regional agencies, including from Interpol, Eurostat, the Organization of American States and UNICEF. Public health data on homicides were mainly derived from databases on deaths by cause disseminated by the World Health Organization (WHO). The inclusion of recent data was given a higher priority in the selection process than the length of the time series (number of years covered). An analysis of official reports and research literature is regularly carried out to verify homicide data used by government agencies and the scientific community. As a result of the data collection and validation process, in many countries several homicide datasets have become available from different or multiple sources. Therefore, data series have been selected to provide the most appropriate reference counts.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual