Age dependency ratio (% of working-age population) - Country Ranking

Definition: Age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents--people younger than 15 or older than 64--to the working-age population--those ages 15-64. Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population.

Source: World Bank staff estimates using the World Bank's population and age distributions of the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects. The World Bank's population estimates are from various sources including the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects; census reports and statistical publications from national statistical offices; Eurostat's Demographic Statistics; United Nations Statistical Division, Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years); U.S. Census Bureau: International Database; and Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Statistics and Demography Programme.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Niger 112.97 2015
2 Uganda 102.35 2015
3 Chad 100.69 2015
4 Mali 100.18 2015
5 Angola 99.86 2015
6 Somalia 98.13 2015
7 Dem. Rep. Congo 95.91 2015
8 Zambia 95.40 2015
9 Mozambique 94.75 2015
10 Malawi 94.55 2015
11 The Gambia 94.17 2015
12 Tanzania 93.80 2015
13 Timor-Leste 92.27 2015
14 Burkina Faso 92.18 2015
15 Burundi 89.65 2015
16 Nigeria 87.71 2015
17 Senegal 87.60 2015
18 Afghanistan 86.95 2015
19 Congo 86.19 2015
20 Cameroon 84.26 2015
21 São Tomé and Principe 84.21 2015
22 Guinea 83.81 2015
23 Côte d'Ivoire 83.49 2015
24 Eritrea 83.21 2015
25 Liberia 82.87 2015
26 Benin 81.98 2015
27 Sierra Leone 81.93 2015
28 Togo 81.83 2015
29 Ethiopia 81.57 2015
30 Kenya 80.87 2015
31 Zimbabwe 80.39 2015
32 Madagascar 80.33 2015
33 Iraq 78.70 2015
34 Guinea-Bissau 78.45 2015
35 Rwanda 78.07 2015
36 Sudan 78.04 2015
37 Mauritania 76.14 2015
38 Comoros 75.65 2015
39 Yemen 75.60 2015
40 Central African Republic 75.16 2015
41 Solomon Islands 75.08 2015
42 Tonga 74.33 2015
43 Samoa 73.99 2015
44 Gabon 73.11 2015
45 Ghana 73.04 2015
46 Equatorial Guinea 72.85 2015
47 Guatemala 70.85 2015
48 Syrian Arab Republic 70.03 2015
49 Swaziland 69.31 2015
50 Vanuatu 68.72 2015
51 Namibia 67.27 2015
52 Lesotho 67.27 2015
53 Papua New Guinea 67.09 2015
54 Pakistan 65.30 2015
55 Jordan 64.78 2015
56 Japan 64.47 2015
57 Israel 64.13 2015
58 Bolivia 63.69 2015
59 Kiribati 63.00 2015
60 Lao PDR 62.81 2015
61 Egypt 62.29 2015
62 Haiti 62.26 2015
63 Nepal 61.84 2015
64 Tajikistan 60.89 2015
65 France 60.27 2015
66 Sweden 59.30 2015
67 Djibouti 58.53 2015
68 Finland 58.27 2015
69 Honduras 57.77 2015
70 Dominican Republic 57.76 2015
71 Philippines 57.55 2015
72 Belize 56.78 2015
73 Paraguay 56.63 2015
74 Argentina 56.55 2015
75 Italy 56.54 2015
76 Greece 56.25 2015
77 Uruguay 55.88 2015
78 Denmark 55.86 2015
79 Ecuador 55.58 2015
80 Cambodia 55.57 2015
81 Kyrgyz Republic 55.35 2015
82 Botswana 55.27 2015
83 United Kingdom 55.12 2015
84 El Salvador 54.32 2015
85 Belgium 54.25 2015
86 Nicaragua 54.13 2015
87 New Zealand 54.01 2015
88 Ireland 53.66 2015
89 Estonia 53.49 2015
90 Portugal 53.48 2015
91 Panama 53.37 2015
92 Netherlands 53.27 2015
93 Peru 53.19 2015
94 Fiji 52.85 2015
95 Algeria 52.62 2015
96 Bangladesh 52.49 2015
97 India 52.45 2015
98 Libya 52.38 2015
99 Venezuela 52.37 2015
100 Norway 52.21 2015
101 Latvia 52.18 2015
102 South Africa 52.14 2015
103 Cabo Verde 52.05 2015
104 Bulgaria 51.91 2015
105 Germany 51.81 2015
106 Mexico 51.68 2015
107 Iceland 51.59 2015
108 Sri Lanka 51.23 2015
109 Croatia 51.12 2015
110 Guyana 51.09 2015
111 Australia 50.93 2015
112 United States 50.91 2015
113 Malta 50.78 2015
114 Spain 50.76 2015
115 Suriname 50.76 2015
116 Grenada 50.70 2015
117 Barbados 50.44 2015
118 Kazakhstan 50.27 2015
119 Morocco 50.13 2015
120 Serbia 50.11 2015
121 Lithuania 50.07 2015
122 Puerto Rico 50.02 2015
123 Turkey 49.72 2015
124 Uzbekistan 49.65 2015
125 Czech Republic 49.52 2015
126 Austria 49.18 2015
127 Myanmar 49.05 2015
128 Indonesia 48.96 2015
129 Romania 48.89 2015
130 Switzerland 48.85 2015
131 Slovenia 48.71 2015
132 Jamaica 48.63 2015
133 New Caledonia 47.92 2015
134 Turkmenistan 47.88 2015
135 Hungary 47.88 2015
136 Montenegro 47.71 2015
137 Mongolia 47.65 2015
138 Lebanon 47.34 2015
139 St. Lucia 47.33 2015
140 Canada 47.29 2015
141 Bhutan 46.90 2015
142 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 46.76 2015
143 Saudi Arabia 45.87 2015
144 Georgia 45.67 2015
145 Antigua and Barbuda 45.65 2015
146 Colombia 45.62 2015
147 Costa Rica 45.37 2015
148 Chile 45.24 2015
149 Tunisia 44.82 2015
150 Albania 44.81 2015
151 Malaysia 44.74 2015
152 Brazil 44.66 2015
153 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 44.31 2015
154 Poland 43.84 2015
155 Luxembourg 43.71 2015
156 Seychelles 43.52 2015
157 Cuba 43.43 2015
158 Ukraine 43.34 2015
159 Trinidad and Tobago 43.25 2015
160 Russia 43.10 2015
161 Belarus 42.96 2015
162 Vietnam 42.51 2015
163 Cyprus 41.64 2015
164 Macedonia 41.39 2015
165 Armenia 41.26 2015
166 The Bahamas 41.25 2015
167 Slovak Republic 40.78 2015
168 Bosnia and Herzegovina 40.73 2015
169 Mauritius 40.62 2015
170 Iran 40.19 2015
171 Thailand 39.24 2015
172 Azerbaijan 38.02 2015
173 Brunei 37.98 2015
174 Singapore 37.41 2015
175 Korea 37.21 2015
176 Hong Kong SAR, China 37.03 2015
177 China 36.58 2015
178 Moldova 34.57 2015
179 Kuwait 32.09 2015
180 Bahrain 31.38 2015
181 Oman 30.04 2015
182 Macao SAR, China 28.21 2015
183 Qatar 20.05 2015
184 United Arab Emirates 17.75 2015

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Development Relevance: Patterns of development in a country are partly determined by the age composition of the population. Because different age groups have varying impacts on infrastructure needs, resource use and planning, and impacts on the environment, the age structure of a population is useful for analyzing future policy and planning goals involving infrastructure and development patterns.

Limitations and Exceptions: Because the five-year age group is the cohort unit and five-year period data are used in the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects, interpolations to obtain annual data or single age structure may not reflect actual events or age composition. For more information, see the original source.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Dependency ratios capture variations in the proportions of children, elderly people, and working-age people in the population that imply the dependency burden that the working-age population bears in relation to children and the elderly. But dependency ratios show only the age composition of a population, not economic dependency. Some children and elderly people are part of the labor force, and many working-age people are not. Age structure in World Bank's population estimates is based on the age structure in United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects. For more information, see the original source.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Relevance to gender indicator: this indicator implies the dependency burden that the working-age population bears in relation to children and the elderly. Many times single or widowed women who are the sole caregiver of a household have a high dependency ratio.