Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) - Country Ranking

Definition: Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.

Source: Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at www.childmortality.org. Projected data are from the United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects; and may in some cases not be consistent with data before the current year.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Angola 96.00 2015
2 Central African Republic 91.50 2015
3 Sierra Leone 87.10 2015
4 Chad 85.00 2015
4 Somalia 85.00 2015
6 Mali 74.50 2015
6 Dem. Rep. Congo 74.50 2015
8 Nigeria 69.40 2015
9 Lesotho 69.20 2015
10 Equatorial Guinea 68.20 2015
11 Côte d'Ivoire 66.60 2015
12 Afghanistan 66.30 2015
13 Pakistan 65.80 2015
14 Mauritania 65.10 2015
15 Benin 64.20 2015
16 Guinea 61.00 2015
17 Burkina Faso 60.90 2015
18 Guinea-Bissau 60.30 2015
19 Cameroon 57.10 2015
19 Niger 57.10 2015
21 Mozambique 56.70 2015
22 Comoros 55.10 2015
23 Djibouti 54.20 2015
24 Burundi 54.10 2015
25 Liberia 52.80 2015
26 Togo 52.30 2015
27 Haiti 52.20 2015
28 Lao PDR 50.70 2015
29 The Gambia 47.90 2015
30 Sudan 47.60 2015
31 Zimbabwe 46.60 2015
32 Timor-Leste 44.70 2015
33 Swaziland 44.50 2015
33 Papua New Guinea 44.50 2015
35 Turkmenistan 43.70 2015
36 Kiribati 43.60 2015
37 Malawi 43.40 2015
38 Zambia 43.30 2015
39 Ghana 42.80 2015
40 Senegal 41.70 2015
41 Ethiopia 41.40 2015
42 Myanmar 39.50 2015
43 Tajikistan 38.50 2015
44 India 37.90 2015
45 Uganda 37.70 2015
46 Gabon 36.10 2015
47 Madagascar 35.90 2015
48 Kenya 35.50 2015
49 Tanzania 35.20 2015
50 Botswana 34.80 2015
51 São Tomé and Principe 34.60 2015
52 Eritrea 34.10 2015
53 Uzbekistan 33.90 2015
54 Yemen 33.80 2015
55 South Africa 33.60 2015
56 Congo 33.20 2015
57 Namibia 32.80 2015
58 Guyana 32.00 2015
59 Rwanda 31.10 2015
60 Bangladesh 30.70 2015
61 Bolivia 30.60 2015
62 Nepal 29.40 2015
63 Azerbaijan 27.90 2015
64 Bhutan 27.20 2015
65 Iraq 26.50 2015
66 Dominican Republic 25.70 2015
67 Cambodia 24.60 2015
68 Guatemala 24.30 2015
69 Morocco 23.70 2015
70 Solomon Islands 23.60 2015
71 Vanuatu 23.10 2015
72 Tuvalu 22.80 2015
72 Indonesia 22.80 2015
74 Philippines 22.20 2015
75 Algeria 21.90 2015
76 Cabo Verde 20.70 2015
77 Egypt 20.30 2015
78 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 19.70 2015
79 Dominica 19.60 2015
80 Fiji 19.10 2015
81 Mongolia 19.00 2015
81 Suriname 19.00 2015
81 Kyrgyz Republic 19.00 2015
84 Nicaragua 18.80 2015
85 Ecuador 18.40 2015
86 Trinidad and Tobago 18.20 2015
87 Paraguay 17.50 2015
88 Honduras 17.40 2015
89 Vietnam 17.30 2015
90 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 16.60 2015
91 Jordan 15.40 2015
92 Samoa 15.00 2015
93 Brazil 14.60 2015
93 Panama 14.60 2015
95 Tonga 14.40 2015
95 El Salvador 14.40 2015
97 Palau 14.20 2015
97 Belize 14.20 2015
99 Moldova 13.60 2015
99 Colombia 13.60 2015
101 Jamaica 13.50 2015
102 Iran 13.40 2015
103 Peru 13.10 2015
104 Venezuela 12.90 2015
105 St. Lucia 12.70 2015
106 Kazakhstan 12.60 2015
106 Armenia 12.60 2015
108 Albania 12.50 2015
108 Saudi Arabia 12.50 2015
110 Tunisia 12.10 2015
111 Barbados 12.00 2015
112 Mauritius 11.80 2015
113 Seychelles 11.70 2015
114 Turkey 11.60 2015
115 Libya 11.40 2015
116 Mexico 11.30 2015
117 Syrian Arab Republic 11.10 2015
117 Argentina 11.10 2015
119 Grenada 10.80 2015
120 Georgia 10.60 2015
121 Thailand 10.50 2015
122 The Bahamas 9.90 2015
122 Oman 9.90 2015
124 Romania 9.70 2015
125 Bulgaria 9.30 2015
126 China 9.20 2015
127 Uruguay 8.70 2015
128 Brunei 8.60 2015
129 Costa Rica 8.50 2015
130 St. Kitts and Nevis 8.40 2015
130 Sri Lanka 8.40 2015
132 Russia 8.20 2015
133 Ukraine 7.70 2015
134 Kuwait 7.30 2015
135 Lebanon 7.10 2015
136 Chile 7.00 2015
137 Latvia 6.90 2015
138 Qatar 6.80 2015
139 Malaysia 6.00 2015
140 Serbia 5.90 2015
140 United Arab Emirates 5.90 2015
142 Antigua and Barbuda 5.80 2015
142 Slovak Republic 5.80 2015
144 United States 5.60 2015
145 Bahrain 5.30 2015
145 Hungary 5.30 2015
147 Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.10 2015
147 Malta 5.10 2015
149 Macedonia 4.80 2015
150 New Zealand 4.70 2015
151 Poland 4.50 2015
152 Montenegro 4.30 2015
152 Canada 4.30 2015
154 Cuba 4.00 2015
155 Greece 3.60 2015
155 Croatia 3.60 2015
157 United Kingdom 3.50 2015
157 France 3.50 2015
157 Spain 3.50 2015
160 Switzerland 3.40 2015
160 Belarus 3.40 2015
162 Belgium 3.30 2015
162 Lithuania 3.30 2015
164 Netherlands 3.20 2015
164 Israel 3.20 2015
166 Germany 3.10 2015
167 Ireland 3.00 2015
167 Australia 3.00 2015
167 Portugal 3.00 2015
170 Italy 2.90 2015
170 Denmark 2.90 2015
170 Austria 2.90 2015
170 Korea 2.90 2015
174 Czech Republic 2.80 2015
174 Monaco 2.80 2015
176 San Marino 2.60 2015
177 Cyprus 2.50 2015
178 Sweden 2.40 2015
179 Estonia 2.30 2015
180 Andorra 2.10 2015
180 Slovenia 2.10 2015
180 Singapore 2.10 2015
183 Japan 2.00 2015
183 Norway 2.00 2015
185 Finland 1.90 2015
186 Iceland 1.60 2015
187 Luxembourg 1.50 2015

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Development Relevance: Mortality rates for different age groups (infants, children, and adults) and overall mortality indicators (life expectancy at birth or survival to a given age) are important indicators of health status in a country. Because data on the incidence and prevalence of diseases are frequently unavailable, mortality rates are often used to identify vulnerable populations. And they are among the indicators most frequently used to compare socioeconomic development across countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Complete vital registration systems are not common in developing countries. Thus estimates must be obtained from sample surveys or derived by applying indirect estimation techniques to registration, census, or survey data. Survey data are subject to recall error, and surveys estimating infant/child deaths require large samples because households in which a birth has occurred during a given year cannot ordinarily be preselected for sampling. Indirect estimates rely on model life tables that may be inappropriate for the population concerned. Extrapolations based on outdated surveys may not be reliable for monitoring changes in health status or for comparative analytical work.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The main sources of mortality data are vital registration systems and direct or indirect estimates based on sample surveys or censuses. A complete vital registration system - covering at least 90 percent of vital events in the population - is the best source of age-specific mortality data. Estimates of neonatal, infant, and under-five mortality tend to vary by source and method for a given time and place. Years for available estimates also vary by country, making comparison across countries and over time difficult. To make neonatal, infant, and under-five mortality estimates comparable and to ensure consistency across estimates by different agencies, the United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME), which comprises the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Population Division, the World Bank, and other universities and research institutes, developed and adopted a statistical method that uses all available information to reconcile differences. The method uses statistical models to obtain a best estimate trend line by fitting a country-specific local regression model of mortality rates against their reference dates. Neonatal, infant, and under-five mortality rates are higher for boys than for girls in countries in which parental gender preferences are insignificant. Under-five mortality rates capture the effect of gender discrimination better than neonatal and infant mortality rates do. Where female child mortality is higher, girls probably have unequal access to resources. Neonatal, infant, and child mortality rates are higher for boys than for girls in countries in which parental gender preferences are insignificant. Under five and child mortality rates capture the effect of gender discrimination better than neonatal and infant mortality rates do, as malnutrition and medical interventions are more important in this age group.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Relevance to gender indicator: Infant mortality rates are higher for boys than for girls in countries in which parental gender preferences are insignificant.