Children in employment, wage workers, male (% of male children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Wage workers (also known as employees) are people who hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that provide basic remuneration that does not depend directly on the revenue of the unit for which they work.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Egypt 56.57 2009
2 Bangladesh 50.36 2013
3 Jordan 49.38 2007
4 India 46.87 2012
5 Uruguay 42.83 2009
6 Rwanda 37.38 2011
7 Mexico 37.14 2013
8 Trinidad and Tobago 36.51 2006
9 Turkey 33.87 2006
10 Guatemala 33.09 2014
11 Venezuela 32.16 2013
12 Brazil 28.88 2013
13 Zimbabwe 27.08 1999
14 Paraguay 26.16 2014
15 Syrian Arab Republic 25.68 2006
16 Dominican Republic 24.17 2012
17 Tajikistan 23.13 2005
18 Philippines 22.46 2011
19 Costa Rica 21.60 2011
20 Pakistan 21.02 2011
21 Ukraine 20.58 2012
22 Honduras 20.55 2014
23 Sudan 20.05 2008
24 Afghanistan 19.37 2011
25 Macedonia 19.15 2011
26 Cambodia 18.78 2012
27 Swaziland 18.52 2010
28 Nigeria 18.12 2011
29 Colombia 17.98 2014
30 El Salvador 17.45 2013
31 Jamaica 17.09 2011
32 Iraq 15.91 2011
33 Indonesia 15.56 2010
34 Panama 14.80 2014
35 Mauritania 13.07 2011
36 Tunisia 12.61 2012
37 Argentina 12.53 2012
38 Gabon 12.49 2012
39 Thailand 12.22 2006
40 Yemen 12.14 2010
41 Madagascar 10.82 2007
42 Belarus 10.59 2012
43 Nicaragua 10.48 2012
44 Congo 10.17 2012
45 Ecuador 9.43 2015
46 Dem. Rep. Congo 8.90 2010
47 Chad 8.85 2010
48 Niger 8.31 2012
49 South Africa 7.86 1999
50 Vietnam 7.75 2012
51 Serbia 7.70 2005
52 Bolivia 7.62 2013
53 Angola 7.60 2001
54 Burundi 7.46 2010
55 Peru 6.75 2007
56 Central African Republic 6.45 2010
57 Côte d'Ivoire 6.29 2012
58 Malawi 6.10 2006
59 Sri Lanka 5.77 2009
60 Namibia 5.60 1999
61 Azerbaijan 5.30 2005
62 Benin 5.14 2012
63 Mozambique 4.75 2008
63 Guinea-Bissau 4.75 2006
65 Lesotho 4.66 2000
66 Zambia 4.51 2008
67 Uganda 4.29 2012
68 Kazakhstan 4.03 2006
69 Georgia 3.85 2006
70 Haiti 3.72 2012
71 Ethiopia 3.25 2011
72 Lao PDR 3.22 2010
73 Albania 3.20 2010
74 Uzbekistan 3.19 2006
75 Cameroon 2.98 2011
76 Guinea 2.94 2012
77 Mali 2.74 2013
78 Nepal 2.54 2008
79 Moldova 2.14 2009
80 Togo 1.89 2010
81 Tanzania 1.88 2014
82 Burkina Faso 1.22 2010
83 Liberia 1.21 2010
84 Senegal 1.17 2011
85 Sierra Leone 1.09 2013
86 Somalia 0.80 2006
87 Kyrgyz Republic 0.71 2007
88 Ghana 0.60 2012
89 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.24 2006
90 Mongolia 0.16 2007

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Limitations and Exceptions: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The data refer to children's work in the sense of "economic activity" - that is, children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The time series may not be comparable across countries and over time due to differences in survey instruments and survey type. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.