Children in employment, self-employed, male (% of male children in employment, ages 7-14) - Country Ranking

Definition: Self-employed workers are people whose remuneration depends directly on the profits derived from the goods and services they produce, with or without other employees, and include employers, own-account workers, and members of producers cooperatives.

Source: Understanding Children's Work project based on data from ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Dominican Republic 35.25 2012
2 Venezuela 30.41 2013
3 Sudan 20.17 2008
4 Liberia 17.92 2010
5 Bangladesh 14.78 2013
6 Lao PDR 14.65 2010
7 Panama 13.84 2014
8 Colombia 13.40 2014
9 Uruguay 12.18 2009
10 Paraguay 11.56 2014
11 Rwanda 11.10 2011
12 Trinidad and Tobago 10.81 2006
13 Mali 10.76 2007
14 Uganda 10.50 2012
15 Vietnam 9.90 2012
16 Argentina 9.52 2012
17 Nicaragua 9.16 2012
18 Togo 8.01 2010
19 Brazil 7.75 2013
20 Pakistan 6.93 2011
21 Honduras 6.86 2014
22 Niger 6.70 2009
23 Romania 6.16 2000
24 Costa Rica 6.10 2011
25 Philippines 5.73 2011
26 South Africa 5.62 1999
27 Azerbaijan 5.50 2005
28 Albania 5.21 2010
29 Nepal 5.17 2008
30 Peru 4.41 2007
31 Zimbabwe 4.17 1999
32 India 4.16 2012
32 Yemen 4.16 2010
34 Jordan 3.78 2007
35 Mexico 3.33 2013
36 Indonesia 3.24 2010
37 Sri Lanka 3.23 2009
38 Cameroon 3.15 2007
39 Guinea 3.12 2010
40 Senegal 2.89 2011
41 El Salvador 2.76 2013
41 Zambia 2.76 2008
43 Mongolia 2.68 2012
44 Cambodia 2.59 2012
45 Turkey 2.29 2006
46 Tanzania 1.82 2014
47 Burkina Faso 1.59 2006
48 Moldova 1.49 2009
49 Ghana 1.39 2012
50 Kyrgyz Republic 1.34 2007
51 Bolivia 1.03 2013
52 Guatemala 0.58 2014
53 Ecuador 0.31 2015
54 Namibia 0.20 1999
55 Madagascar 0.10 2007

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Limitations and Exceptions: Data are from household surveys by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank, and national statistical offices. The surveys yield data on education, employment, health, expenditure, and consumption indicators related to children's work. Household survey data generally include information on work type - for example, whether a child is working for payment in cash or in kind or is involved in unpaid work, working for someone who is not a member of the household, or involved in any type of family work (on the farm or in a business). Although efforts are made to harmonize the definition of employment and the questions on employment in survey questionnaires, significant differences remain in the survey instruments that collect data on children in employment and in the sampling design underlying the surveys. Differences exist not only across different household surveys in the same country but also across the same type of survey carried out in different countries, so estimates of working children are not fully comparable across countries.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The data refer to children's work in the sense of "economic activity" - that is, children in employment, a broader concept than child labor (see ILO 2009a for details on this distinction). In line with the definition of economic activity adopted by the 13th International Conference of Labour Statisticians, the threshold set by the 1993 UN System of National Accounts for classifying a person as employed is to have been engaged at least one hour in any activity relating to the production of goods and services during the reference period. Children seeking work are thus excluded. Economic activity covers all market production and certain nonmarket production, including production of goods for own use. It excludes unpaid household services (commonly called "household chores") - that is, the production of domestic and personal services by household members for a household's own consumption. Country surveys define the ages for child labor as 5-17. The data here have been recalculated to present statistics for children ages 7-14.

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The time series may not be comparable across countries and over time due to differences in survey instruments and survey type. For detailed source information, see footnotes at each data point.