Informal employment (% of total non-agricultural employment) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment in the informal economy as a percentage of total non-agricultural employment. It basically includes all jobs in unregistered and/or small-scale private unincorporated enterprises that produce goods or services meant for sale or barter. Self-employed street vendors, taxi drivers and home-base workers, regardless of size, are all considered enterprises. However, agricultural and related activities, households producing goods exclusively for their own use (e.g. subsistence farming, domestic housework, care work, and employment of paid domestic workers), and volunteer services rendered to the community are excluded.

Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Uganda 93.50 2013
2 Madagascar 89.30 2012
3 India 84.70 2012
4 Mali 81.80 2004
5 Pakistan 78.40 2010
6 Tanzania 76.20 2006
7 Nicaragua 75.00 2010
8 Guatemala 74.40 2013
9 Honduras 73.40 2013
10 Indonesia 72.50 2009
11 Bolivia 71.80 2009
12 Philippines 70.10 2008
13 Zambia 69.50 2008
14 Peru 68.80 2013
15 Vietnam 68.20 2009
16 El Salvador 65.40 2013
17 Paraguay 64.40 2013
18 Colombia 63.70 2013
19 Sri Lanka 62.10 2009
20 Liberia 60.10 2010
21 Mexico 53.90 2013
22 Ecuador 52.00 2011
23 Dominican Republic 51.40 2013
24 Venezuela 47.50 2009
25 Argentina 47.10 2011
26 Namibia 44.00 2008
27 Albania 43.00 2013
28 Thailand 42.80 2013
29 Zimbabwe 40.70 2004
30 Panama 40.40 2013
31 Brazil 36.80 2013
32 Lesotho 34.90 2008
33 Uruguay 33.20 2013
34 Chile 33.10 2000
35 South Africa 32.70 2010
36 Costa Rica 30.70 2013
37 Azerbaijan 26.50 2009
38 Armenia 19.40 2013
39 Timor-Leste 17.80 2010
40 Turkey 17.20 2013
41 Moldova 13.60 2013
42 Macedonia 12.40 2010
43 Poland 9.20 1998
44 Serbia 6.60 2013

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Limitations and Exceptions: There are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country, due to differences in definitions and methodology of data collection. For example, informal sector enterprises refer to non-registered enterprises in some countries but registration requirements can vary from country to country. Others apply the employment size criterion only (which may vary from country to country). For detailed information on definitions and coverage, see footnotes.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: There are wide variations in definitions and methodology of data collection. In addition to employment in the informal economy, informal employment within the formal sector should be also taken into account. Casual, short term, and seasonal workers, for example, could be informally employed — lacking social protection, health benefits, legal status, rights and freedom of association. Some countries now provide data according to the guidelines, adopted by the 17th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (2003); Informal employment as the total number of informal jobs, whether carried out in formal sector enterprises, informal sector enterprises, or households, during a given reference period.

Periodicity: Annual