Informal employment, male (% of total non-agricultural employment) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment in the informal economy as a percentage of total non-agricultural employment. It basically includes all jobs in unregistered and/or small-scale private unincorporated enterprises that produce goods or services meant for sale or barter. Self-employed street vendors, taxi drivers and home-base workers, regardless of size, are all considered enterprises. However, agricultural and related activities, households producing goods exclusively for their own use (e.g. subsistence farming, domestic housework, care work, and employment of paid domestic workers), and volunteer services rendered to the community are excluded.

Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Uganda 92.70 2013
2 Madagascar 85.50 2012
3 India 84.30 2012
4 Pakistan 78.70 2010
5 Mali 74.20 2004
6 Indonesia 72.30 2009
7 Nicaragua 72.00 2010
8 Honduras 71.30 2013
8 Bolivia 71.30 2009
10 Tanzania 70.90 2006
10 Guatemala 70.90 2013
12 Philippines 69.90 2008
13 Vietnam 69.40 2009
14 Sri Lanka 65.20 2009
15 Peru 63.50 2013
16 Zambia 62.90 2008
17 Paraguay 61.60 2013
18 Colombia 61.20 2013
19 El Salvador 58.60 2013
20 Mexico 50.50 2013
21 Dominican Republic 50.10 2013
22 Ecuador 49.40 2011
23 Albania 49.30 2013
24 Venezuela 47.50 2009
25 Liberia 47.40 2010
26 Argentina 46.20 2011
27 Thailand 42.00 2013
28 Namibia 41.10 2008
29 Panama 40.10 2013
30 Brazil 35.80 2013
31 Chile 35.30 2000
32 Lesotho 34.10 2008
33 Uruguay 33.70 2013
34 Zimbabwe 31.20 2004
35 South Africa 29.50 2010
36 Costa Rica 26.80 2013
37 Armenia 24.80 2009
38 Moldova 19.00 2013
39 Turkey 16.40 2013
40 Macedonia 15.10 2010
41 Timor-Leste 13.50 2010
42 Poland 11.60 1998
43 Serbia 7.90 2013

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Limitations and Exceptions: There are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country, due to differences in definitions and methodology of data collection. For example, informal sector enterprises refer to non-registered enterprises in some countries but registration requirements can vary from country to country. Others apply the employment size criterion only (which may vary from country to country). For detailed information on definitions and coverage, see footnotes.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: There are wide variations in definitions and methodology of data collection. In addition to employment in the informal economy, informal employment within the formal sector should be also taken into account. Casual, short term, and seasonal workers, for example, could be informally employed — lacking social protection, health benefits, legal status, rights and freedom of association. Some countries now provide data according to the guidelines, adopted by the 17th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (2003); Informal employment as the total number of informal jobs, whether carried out in formal sector enterprises, informal sector enterprises, or households, during a given reference period.

Periodicity: Annual