Informal employment, female (% of total non-agricultural employment) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment in the informal economy as a percentage of total non-agricultural employment. It basically includes all jobs in unregistered and/or small-scale private unincorporated enterprises that produce goods or services meant for sale or barter. Self-employed street vendors, taxi drivers and home-base workers, regardless of size, are all considered enterprises. However, agricultural and related activities, households producing goods exclusively for their own use (e.g. subsistence farming, domestic housework, care work, and employment of paid domestic workers), and volunteer services rendered to the community are excluded.

Source: International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Uganda 94.50 2013
2 Madagascar 92.70 2012
3 Mali 89.20 2004
4 India 86.40 2012
5 Tanzania 82.80 2006
6 Zambia 80.10 2008
7 Guatemala 78.40 2013
8 Nicaragua 77.70 2010
9 Pakistan 75.70 2010
10 Honduras 75.50 2013
11 Peru 75.10 2013
12 Indonesia 72.90 2009
13 Bolivia 72.50 2009
14 Liberia 72.40 2010
15 El Salvador 72.10 2013
16 Philippines 70.20 2008
17 Paraguay 67.80 2013
18 Vietnam 66.80 2009
19 Colombia 58.70 2013
20 Mexico 58.60 2013
21 Sri Lanka 55.70 2009
22 Ecuador 55.40 2011
23 Zimbabwe 53.30 2004
23 Dominican Republic 53.30 2013
25 Argentina 48.50 2011
26 Venezuela 47.40 2009
27 Namibia 46.90 2008
28 Thailand 43.70 2013
29 Panama 40.80 2013
30 Brazil 38.10 2013
31 South Africa 36.80 2010
32 Lesotho 36.10 2008
33 Costa Rica 36.00 2013
34 Albania 32.80 2013
35 Uruguay 32.50 2013
36 Chile 29.30 2000
37 Timor-Leste 26.50 2010
38 Turkey 19.80 2013
39 Armenia 12.70 2009
40 Moldova 8.60 2013
41 Macedonia 7.60 2010
42 Poland 6.20 1998
43 Serbia 4.90 2013

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Limitations and Exceptions: There are limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country, due to differences in definitions and methodology of data collection. For example, informal sector enterprises refer to non-registered enterprises in some countries but registration requirements can vary from country to country. Others apply the employment size criterion only (which may vary from country to country). For detailed information on definitions and coverage, see footnotes.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: There are wide variations in definitions and methodology of data collection. In addition to employment in the informal economy, informal employment within the formal sector should be also taken into account. Casual, short term, and seasonal workers, for example, could be informally employed — lacking social protection, health benefits, legal status, rights and freedom of association. Some countries now provide data according to the guidelines, adopted by the 17th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (2003); Informal employment as the total number of informal jobs, whether carried out in formal sector enterprises, informal sector enterprises, or households, during a given reference period.

Periodicity: Annual