Prevalence of severe wasting, weight for height, male (% of children under 5) - Country Ranking

Definition: Severe wasting prevalence is the proportion of children under five whose weight for height is more than three standard deviations below the median for the international reference population ages 0-59.

Source: World Health Organization, Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition. Country-level data are unadjusted data from national surveys, and thus may not be comparable across countries.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Djibouti 10.40 2012
2 Timor-Leste 8.30 2009
3 Madagascar 7.60 2004
4 Albania 7.50 2009
5 Niger 7.40 2012
6 Indonesia 7.20 2013
7 India 7.10 2006
8 Chad 6.80 2010
9 Mali 6.30 2006
10 Burkina Faso 6.20 2010
11 Papua New Guinea 6.10 2011
12 Sudan 5.90 2006
12 Syrian Arab Republic 5.90 2009
12 Yemen 5.90 2013
15 São Tomé and Principe 5.80 2008
16 Bangladesh 5.30 2013
16 Somalia 5.30 2009
18 Saudi Arabia 5.10 2005
19 Sierra Leone 5.00 2013
19 Eritrea 5.00 2010
21 Egypt 4.80 2014
22 South Africa 4.70 2005
23 The Gambia 4.60 2013
24 Comoros 4.30 2012
24 Tajikistan 4.30 2012
24 Angola 4.30 2007
27 Iraq 4.10 2011
28 Namibia 4.00 2013
29 Ukraine 3.90 2000
30 Pakistan 3.80 2012
31 Nepal 3.70 2011
32 Sri Lanka 3.40 2012
32 Benin 3.40 2006
34 Dem. Rep. Congo 3.30 2013
34 Lebanon 3.30 2004
34 Libya 3.30 2007
37 Afghanistan 2.90 2004
38 Mozambique 2.80 2011
38 Thailand 2.80 2012
38 Botswana 2.80 2007
38 Ethiopia 2.80 2014
38 Zambia 2.80 2013
43 Solomon Islands 2.70 1989
44 Cameroon 2.50 2011
44 Cambodia 2.50 2010
44 Armenia 2.50 2010
47 Philippines 2.40 2011
47 Kenya 2.40 2009
47 Mauritania 2.40 2012
47 Myanmar 2.40 2009
51 Côte d'Ivoire 2.30 2012
51 Liberia 2.30 2013
51 Nigeria 2.30 2014
54 Barbados 2.20 2013
54 Central African Republic 2.20 2010
54 Bhutan 2.20 2010
57 Tunisia 2.10 2012
58 Uzbekistan 2.00 2006
59 Tonga 1.90 2012
59 Kazakhstan 1.90 2010
59 Lesotho 1.90 2009
59 Ghana 1.90 2011
59 Vanuatu 1.90 2007
64 Tanzania 1.80 2010
64 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.80 2012
64 Guinea 1.80 2012
64 Malawi 1.80 2010
64 Montenegro 1.80 2013
64 Lao PDR 1.80 2011
70 Algeria 1.70 2012
70 Vietnam 1.70 2010
70 Togo 1.70 2014
73 Guyana 1.60 2009
73 Congo 1.60 2011
75 Gabon 1.50 2012
75 Kyrgyz Republic 1.50 2012
77 Fiji 1.40 2004
77 Azerbaijan 1.40 2013
79 Burundi 1.30 2010
79 Dominican Republic 1.30 2013
79 Jamaica 1.30 2004
79 Bulgaria 1.30 2004
83 Czech Republic 1.20 2001
83 Rwanda 1.20 2010
85 Morocco 1.10 2011
85 Equatorial Guinea 1.10 2010
85 Haiti 1.10 2012
88 Zimbabwe 1.00 2010
88 Guinea-Bissau 1.00 2010
88 Uganda 1.00 2011
91 Belize 0.90 2011
91 Oman 0.90 2009
91 Suriname 0.90 2010
91 Hungary 0.90 1984
95 China 0.80 2010
95 Trinidad and Tobago 0.80 2000
95 Ecuador 0.80 2012
95 Georgia 0.80 2009
99 Senegal 0.70 2014
99 El Salvador 0.70 2008
99 Kuwait 0.70 2014
99 Serbia 0.70 2010
103 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 0.60 2012
103 Paraguay 0.60 2012
103 Romania 0.60 2002
103 Bolivia 0.60 2008
103 Nicaragua 0.60 2006
103 Belarus 0.60 2005
109 Singapore 0.50 2000
109 Moldova 0.50 2012
109 Jordan 0.50 2012
109 Mexico 0.50 2012
113 Mongolia 0.40 2010
113 Netherlands 0.40 1980
113 Honduras 0.40 2012
113 Brunei 0.40 2009
113 Panama 0.40 1997
118 Macedonia 0.30 2011
118 Canada 0.30 1971
118 Germany 0.30 2005
118 Japan 0.30 2010
118 Turkey 0.30 2013
118 Brazil 0.30 2007
124 Colombia 0.20 2010
124 Guatemala 0.20 2009
124 Argentina 0.20 2005
127 Swaziland 0.10 2010
127 Peru 0.10 2012
127 Korea 0.10 2010
130 Uruguay 0.00 2011
130 United States 0.00 2012

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Malnutrition is a serious public-health problem that has been linked to a substantial increase in the risk of mortality and morbidity. Many of the millions of low-birth-weight babies born annually face severe short-term and long-term health consequences. Women and young children bear the brunt of the disease burden associated with malnutrition. It perpetuates the problem across generations, as malnourished women are more likely to have low-birth-weight babies. Malnourished children have lower resistance to infection and are more likely to die from common childhood ailments such as diarrheal diseases and respiratory infections. Frequent illness saps the nutritional status of those who survive, locking them into a vicious cycle of recurring sickness and faltering growth. (UNICEF www.childinfo.org). Many factors can cause malnutrition. Undernourishment, a shortfall in the amount of food energy consumed on a regular basis, is an underlying cause, often compounded by severe and repeated infections and lack of micronutrients, particularly in underprivileged populations. Undernourishment in the general population is measured by average quantity of food calories available for human consumption per person; the distribution of food consumption; and the minimum calories required for an average person. For more information on the measurement of undernourishment, see the metadata for Prevalence of undernourishment (SN.ITK.DEFC.ZS). According to UNICEF good nutrition is the cornerstone for survival, health and development. Well-nourished children perform better in school, grow into healthy adults, and in turn give their children a better start in life. Well-nourished women face fewer risks during pregnancy and childbirth, and their children set off on firmer developmental paths, both physically and mentally. Undernourished children have lower resistance to infection and are more likely to die from common childhood ailments such as diarrheal diseases and respiratory infections. Malnutrition indicators help policymakers to quantify the increased risk associated with malnutrition, in terms of attributable mortality and morbidity. The estimates allow policy-makers to compare the disease burden of malnutrition for different countries, and enable resources to be deployed more effectively. Repeated assessments also allow trends to be monitored and the impact of interventions to be evaluated.

Limitations and Exceptions: New international growth reference standards for infants and young children were released in 2006 by the WHO to monitor children's nutritional status. Differences in growth to age 5 are influenced more by nutrition, feeding practices, environment, and healthcare than by genetics or ethnicity. The previously reported data were based on the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics-WHO growth reference. Because of the change in standards, the data in this release should not be compared with data published prior to 2008.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Estimates of child malnutrition, based on prevalence of underweight, stunting, wasting and overweight, are from national survey data. For more information, consult the original sources.

Aggregation method: Linear mixed-effect model estimates

Periodicity: Annual