Fish species, threatened - Country Ranking

Definition: Fish species are based on Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.

Source: Froese, R. and Pauly, D. (eds). 2008. FishBase database, www.fishbase.org.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 United States 247.00 2015
2 India 216.00 2015
3 Mexico 179.00 2015
4 Tanzania 175.00 2015
5 Indonesia 150.00 2015
6 Turkey 131.00 2015
6 China 131.00 2015
8 Cameroon 119.00 2015
9 Australia 111.00 2015
10 South Africa 103.00 2015
11 Thailand 99.00 2015
12 Malawi 98.00 2015
13 Dem. Rep. Congo 93.00 2015
14 Madagascar 87.00 2015
15 Brazil 85.00 2015
16 Greece 80.00 2015
17 Spain 77.00 2015
17 Philippines 77.00 2015
19 Vietnam 76.00 2015
20 Guinea 75.00 2015
20 Malaysia 75.00 2015
22 Japan 74.00 2015
23 Nigeria 71.00 2015
23 Gabon 71.00 2015
25 Kenya 70.00 2015
26 Mozambique 63.00 2015
26 Croatia 63.00 2015
28 Portugal 62.00 2015
28 Liberia 62.00 2015
30 Colombia 61.00 2015
30 Uganda 61.00 2015
32 Costa Rica 57.00 2015
33 Sierra Leone 56.00 2015
33 Ghana 56.00 2015
33 Côte d'Ivoire 56.00 2015
36 Congo 55.00 2015
36 Lao PDR 55.00 2015
38 Senegal 54.00 2015
38 Morocco 54.00 2015
40 Panama 53.00 2015
40 Ecuador 53.00 2015
42 France 52.00 2015
43 Italy 51.00 2015
44 Syrian Arab Republic 50.00 2015
44 Angola 50.00 2015
44 Papua New Guinea 50.00 2015
47 United Kingdom 47.00 2015
47 Egypt 47.00 2015
49 Sri Lanka 46.00 2015
50 The Bahamas 44.00 2015
50 Cambodia 44.00 2015
50 Albania 44.00 2015
50 Cuba 44.00 2015
54 Mauritania 43.00 2015
54 Belize 43.00 2015
54 Myanmar 43.00 2015
57 Canada 42.00 2015
57 Equatorial Guinea 42.00 2015
57 Israel 42.00 2015
57 Venezuela 42.00 2015
57 Honduras 42.00 2015
62 Russia 40.00 2015
62 Uruguay 40.00 2015
62 Algeria 40.00 2015
65 Guinea-Bissau 39.00 2015
65 Tunisia 39.00 2015
65 Iran 39.00 2015
65 Argentina 39.00 2015
69 Benin 38.00 2015
69 Nicaragua 38.00 2015
71 Pakistan 36.00 2015
72 Bosnia and Herzegovina 35.00 2015
72 Trinidad and Tobago 35.00 2015
72 Togo 35.00 2015
72 New Zealand 35.00 2015
76 Guatemala 34.00 2015
76 The Gambia 34.00 2015
78 Slovenia 33.00 2015
78 Namibia 33.00 2015
80 Cayman Islands 32.00 2015
80 Libya 32.00 2015
80 Cabo Verde 32.00 2015
80 Montenegro 32.00 2015
84 Saudi Arabia 31.00 2015
84 New Caledonia 31.00 2015
84 Guyana 31.00 2015
87 Haiti 30.00 2015
87 Jamaica 30.00 2015
87 Puerto Rico 30.00 2015
90 St. Kitts and Nevis 29.00 2015
90 Antigua and Barbuda 29.00 2015
90 Dominica 29.00 2015
90 Dominican Republic 29.00 2015
90 Suriname 29.00 2015
90 St. Lucia 29.00 2015
90 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 29.00 2015
90 Barbados 29.00 2015
98 Yemen 28.00 2015
98 Grenada 28.00 2015
100 Ireland 27.00 2015
100 Lebanon 27.00 2015
100 Somalia 27.00 2015
100 Oman 27.00 2015
104 Singapore 26.00 2015
105 São Tomé and Principe 25.00 2015
106 Cyprus 24.00 2015
106 Ukraine 24.00 2015
106 Germany 24.00 2015
106 Korea 24.00 2015
110 Chile 23.00 2015
110 Norway 23.00 2015
112 Malta 22.00 2015
112 Romania 22.00 2015
112 Peru 22.00 2015
112 Bulgaria 22.00 2015
112 Sudan 22.00 2015
117 Bangladesh 21.00 2015
117 Eritrea 21.00 2015
119 Zambia 20.00 2015
119 Seychelles 20.00 2015
121 Solomon Islands 19.00 2015
122 Djibouti 18.00 2015
122 Denmark 18.00 2015
122 Mauritius 18.00 2015
125 Iraq 17.00 2015
125 Burundi 17.00 2015
125 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 17.00 2015
128 Palau 16.00 2015
128 Vanuatu 16.00 2015
128 Iceland 16.00 2015
131 Sweden 15.00 2015
131 Serbia 15.00 2015
131 Monaco 15.00 2015
131 El Salvador 15.00 2015
131 Netherlands 15.00 2015
136 Kazakhstan 14.00 2015
136 Ethiopia 14.00 2015
136 Samoa 14.00 2015
136 Fiji 14.00 2015
136 United Arab Emirates 14.00 2015
141 Tonga 13.00 2015
141 Jordan 13.00 2015
141 Belgium 13.00 2015
141 Hong Kong SAR, China 13.00 2015
141 Macedonia 13.00 2015
146 Kuwait 12.00 2015
146 Kiribati 12.00 2015
146 Azerbaijan 12.00 2015
146 Qatar 12.00 2015
150 Turkmenistan 11.00 2015
150 Austria 11.00 2015
150 Tuvalu 11.00 2015
150 Georgia 11.00 2015
154 Hungary 9.00 2015
154 Greenland 9.00 2015
154 Rwanda 9.00 2015
154 Switzerland 9.00 2015
154 Bahrain 9.00 2015
159 Brunei 8.00 2015
159 Comoros 8.00 2015
159 Moldova 8.00 2015
159 Poland 8.00 2015
163 Nepal 7.00 2015
163 Uzbekistan 7.00 2015
165 Latvia 6.00 2015
165 Lithuania 6.00 2015
165 Timor-Leste 6.00 2015
165 Finland 6.00 2015
169 Tajikistan 5.00 2015
169 Macao SAR, China 5.00 2015
169 Estonia 5.00 2015
169 Slovak Republic 5.00 2015
169 Afghanistan 5.00 2015
174 Swaziland 4.00 2015
174 Burkina Faso 4.00 2015
174 Niger 4.00 2015
177 Bhutan 3.00 2015
177 Zimbabwe 3.00 2015
177 Central African Republic 3.00 2015
177 Kyrgyz Republic 3.00 2015
177 Armenia 3.00 2015
182 Botswana 2.00 2015
182 Czech Republic 2.00 2015
182 Mali 2.00 2015
182 Mongolia 2.00 2015
182 Belarus 2.00 2015
187 Luxembourg 1.00 2015
187 Lesotho 1.00 2015
187 Chad 1.00 2015
190 Andorra 0.00 2015
190 Liechtenstein 0.00 2015
190 San Marino 0.00 2015
190 Bolivia 0.00 2015
190 Paraguay 0.00 2015

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Development Relevance: As threats to biodiversity mount, the international community is increasingly focusing on conserving diversity. The Red List Index for the world's birds shows that there has been a steady and continuing deterioration in the threat status of the world's birds since 1988, when the first complete global assessment was carried out. The number of threatened species is an important measure of the immediate need for conservation in an area. Global analyses of the status of threatened species have been carried out for few groups of organisms. Only for mammals, birds, and amphibians has the status of virtually all known species been assessed. Threatened species are defined using the International Union for Conservation of Nature's (IUCN) classification: endangered (in danger of extinction and unlikely to survive if causal factors continue operating) and vulnerable (likely to move into the endangered category in the near future if causal factors continue operating). The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species is widely recognized as the most comprehensive, objective global approach for evaluating the conservation status of plant and animal species. The IUCN guides conservation activities of governments, NGOs and scientific institutions. The introduction in 1994 of a scientifically rigorous approach to determine risks of extinction that is applicable to all species, has become a world standard. The IUCN draws on and mobilizes a network of scientists and partner organizations working in almost every country in the world, who collectively hold what is likely the most complete scientific knowledge base on the biology and conservation status of species. The freshwater system represents the most threatened of all ecosystems, and many freshwater species have a very high livelihood value for local human communities. IUCN's freshwater focus is on the following taxonomic groups: fish; molluscs; crabs and crayfish; and dragonflies. Global assessment of these groups is being pursued through a series of regional projects, such as one for Africa that is currently being implemented. The marine realm is poorly covered in the IUCN Red List, comprising less than 5 percent of the species included. IUCN has identified priority taxonomic groups of marine fish, invertebrates, plants (mangroves and seagrasses) and macro-algae (seaweeds). If these priority groups can be assessed, the number of marine species on the IUCN Red List will be increased more than six-fold. Direct threats to species are the proximate human activities or processes that have impacted, are impacting, or may impact the status of the taxon being assessed (e.g., unsustainable fishing or logging). Direct threats are synonymous with sources of stress and proximate pressures. Threats can be past (historical, unlikely to return or historical, likely to return), ongoing, and/or likely to occur in the future.

Limitations and Exceptions: Reporting the proportion of threatened species on the Red List is complicated by the fact that not all species groups have been fully evaluated, and also by the fact that some species have so little information available that they can only be assessed as Data Deficient (DD). For many of the incompletely evaluated groups, assessment efforts have focused on species that are likely to be threatened; therefore any percentage of threatened species reported for these groups would be heavily biased (i.e., the percentage of threatened species would likely be an overestimate). Since IUCN has evaluated extinction risk for less than 5 percent of the world's described species, IUCN cannot provide an overall estimate for how many of the planet's species are threatened. For those groups that have been comprehensively evaluated, the proportion of threatened species can be calculated, but the number of threatened species is often uncertain because it is not known whether Data Deficient species are actually threatened or not. Due to variations in consistency and methods of collection, data quality is highly variable across countries. Some countries update their information more frequently than others, some have more accurate data on extent of coverage, and many underreport the number or extent of protected areas. Also, because of differences in definitions, reporting practices, and reporting periods, cross-country comparability of threatened species is limited. In order to ensure global uniformity when describing the habitat in which a taxon (a taxonomic group of any rank) occurs, the threats to a taxon, what conservation actions are in place or are needed, and whether or not the taxon is utilized, a set of standard terms, called Classification Schemes, are being developed, for documenting taxonomy on the IUCN Red List.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Species assessed as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) are referred to as "threatened" species. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species collects and disseminates information on the global threated species. Proportion of threatened species is only reported for the more completely evaluated groups (i.e., >90% of species evaluated). Also, the reported percentage of threatened species for each group is presented as a best estimate within a range of possible values bounded by lower and upper estimates: Lower estimate = % threatened extant species if all Data Deficient species are not threatened, i.e., (CR + EN + VU) / (total assessed - EX) Best estimate = % threatened extant species if Data Deficient species are equally threatened as data sufficient species, i.e., (CR + EN + VU) / (total assessed - EX - DD) Upper estimate = % threatened extant species if all Data Deficient species are threatened, i.e., (CR + EN + VU + DD) / (total assessed - EX) Additional information on ecology and habitat preferences, threats, and conservation action are also collated and assessed as part of Red List process.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual