Nitrous oxide emissions (% change from 1990) - Country Ranking

Definition: Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Source: World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Cambodia 329.13 2012
2 Guinea 269.59 2012
3 Ghana 244.87 2012
4 Bhutan 210.43 2012
5 Vietnam 197.01 2012
6 Oman 195.28 2012
7 Gabon 172.78 2012
8 Grenada 168.76 2012
9 Rwanda 137.46 2012
10 Sudan 136.09 2012
11 United Arab Emirates 129.22 2012
12 Senegal 121.08 2012
13 The Bahamas 119.44 2012
14 Turkmenistan 115.44 2012
15 Singapore 111.24 2012
16 Equatorial Guinea 104.13 2012
17 Timor-Leste 102.21 2012
18 Lao PDR 101.70 2012
19 Cayman Islands 100.17 2012
20 Central African Republic 97.40 2012
21 St. Kitts and Nevis 90.17 2012
22 Mali 88.64 2012
23 Guinea-Bissau 87.77 2012
24 Uganda 86.67 2012
25 Nigeria 85.67 2012
26 Cabo Verde 84.95 2012
27 Guatemala 84.62 2012
28 Chad 84.50 2012
29 Bahrain 80.85 2012
30 Yemen 77.42 2012
31 Burkina Faso 75.31 2012
32 Seychelles 72.47 2012
33 China 72.47 2012
34 Ecuador 70.13 2012
35 Chile 69.06 2012
36 Thailand 67.52 2012
37 Pakistan 66.19 2012
38 Bangladesh 64.69 2012
39 Haiti 64.26 2012
40 Liberia 60.57 2012
41 Ethiopia 57.66 2012
42 Mauritania 57.48 2012
43 São Tomé and Principe 56.34 2012
44 Antigua and Barbuda 54.53 2012
45 Belize 54.35 2012
46 Peru 51.15 2012
47 The Gambia 50.93 2012
48 Algeria 49.95 2012
49 Tuvalu 44.89 2012
50 Kiribati 43.39 2012
51 Korea 42.18 2012
52 Syrian Arab Republic 41.90 2012
53 Comoros 41.48 2012
54 India 41.37 2012
55 Togo 39.87 2012
56 Argentina 37.86 2012
57 Panama 37.59 2012
58 Djibouti 37.44 2012
59 Jamaica 36.90 2012
60 Brazil 36.80 2012
61 Sierra Leone 34.74 2012
62 Uruguay 33.86 2012
63 Cameroon 32.89 2012
64 Honduras 32.08 2012
65 Côte d'Ivoire 31.71 2012
66 Greenland 31.70 2012
67 Egypt 31.69 2012
68 Cyprus 31.08 2012
69 Iran 30.50 2012
70 Benin 30.38 2012
71 Philippines 29.14 2012
72 Venezuela 28.66 2012
73 Nepal 28.04 2012
74 Tunisia 27.39 2012
75 Armenia 27.04 2012
76 Macao SAR, China 26.86 2012
77 Colombia 26.23 2012
78 Kenya 24.82 2012
79 Turkey 24.61 2012
80 Afghanistan 24.58 2012
81 Lebanon 24.47 2012
82 Sri Lanka 23.58 2012
83 Tajikistan 22.86 2012
84 Somalia 22.86 2012
85 Eritrea 22.19 2012
86 Hong Kong SAR, China 20.06 2012
87 Niger 20.01 2012
88 Namibia 19.44 2012
89 Luxembourg 19.07 2012
90 Kuwait 18.89 2012
91 Uzbekistan 17.95 2012
92 Burundi 17.35 2012
93 Samoa 17.09 2012
94 Tonga 14.84 2012
95 Vanuatu 13.88 2012
96 St. Lucia 13.50 2012
97 New Zealand 13.02 2012
98 Nicaragua 12.79 2012
99 Malawi 12.02 2012
100 Palau 9.94 2012
101 Malaysia 9.50 2012
102 Libya 8.67 2012
103 Israel 8.38 2012
104 El Salvador 5.73 2012
105 Mauritius 5.56 2012
106 Iraq 5.54 2012
107 Morocco 5.39 2012
108 Swaziland 4.66 2012
109 Paraguay 4.40 2012
110 Guyana 3.11 2012
111 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.05 2012
112 Dominican Republic 2.84 2012
113 Saudi Arabia 1.78 2012
114 Azerbaijan 0.25 2012
115 Andorra 0.00 2012
116 Mexico -2.88 2012
117 Fiji -2.96 2012
118 Jordan -3.99 2012
119 New Caledonia -5.91 2012
120 Indonesia -7.38 2012
121 South Africa -7.59 2012
122 Slovenia -8.09 2012
123 Poland -8.65 2012
124 Iceland -9.69 2012
125 Madagascar -9.78 2012
126 Bosnia and Herzegovina -10.80 2012
127 United States -12.95 2012
128 Belgium -13.48 2012
129 Australia -13.75 2012
130 Dominica -13.91 2012
131 Ireland -15.06 2012
132 Costa Rica -15.78 2012
133 Barbados -16.11 2012
134 Switzerland -17.14 2012
135 Malta -17.58 2012
136 Lithuania -17.97 2012
137 Portugal -18.91 2012
138 Georgia -19.66 2012
139 Spain -20.29 2012
140 Dem. Rep. Congo -22.03 2012
141 Lesotho -24.08 2012
142 Sweden -25.43 2012
143 Albania -26.54 2012
144 Czech Republic -26.91 2012
145 Canada -27.48 2012
146 Solomon Islands -27.59 2012
147 Austria -28.66 2012
148 Finland -29.00 2012
149 Belarus -30.98 2012
150 Mongolia -31.12 2012
151 Congo -32.04 2012
152 Japan -32.56 2012
153 Puerto Rico -33.19 2012
154 Bolivia -33.37 2012
155 Denmark -35.58 2012
156 Papua New Guinea -36.03 2012
157 Macedonia -36.10 2012
158 Italy -36.46 2012
159 Tanzania -37.54 2012
160 Zimbabwe -38.13 2012
161 Germany -38.96 2012
162 Cuba -39.09 2012
163 Suriname -39.48 2012
164 Myanmar -39.57 2012
165 Croatia -39.70 2012
166 Brunei -40.06 2012
167 Norway -40.07 2012
168 Greece -42.09 2012
169 Kazakhstan -43.49 2012
170 Kyrgyz Republic -46.16 2012
171 Slovak Republic -46.91 2012
172 Bulgaria -49.90 2012
173 France -50.09 2012
174 Netherlands -50.25 2012
175 Trinidad and Tobago -51.47 2012
176 Estonia -52.25 2012
177 Latvia -53.36 2012
178 United Kingdom -55.35 2012
179 Ukraine -57.83 2012
180 Botswana -58.69 2012
181 Russia -59.44 2012
182 Hungary -59.74 2012
183 Moldova -60.91 2012
184 Romania -62.86 2012
185 Dem. People's Rep. Korea -66.05 2012
186 Qatar -74.67 2012
187 Zambia -76.03 2012
188 Mozambique -78.71 2012
189 Angola -79.45 2012
190 Serbia -100.00 2012

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Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Nitrous oxide emissions are mainly from fossil fuel combustion, fertilizers, rainforest fires, and animal waste. Nitrous oxide is a powerful greenhouse gas, with an estimated atmospheric lifetime of 114 years, compared with 12 years for methane. The per kilogram global warming potential of nitrous oxide is nearly 310 times that of carbon dioxide within 100 years. The emissions are usually expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents using the global warming potential, which allows the effective contributions of different gases to be compared.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Period range (from 1990)