Nitrous oxide emissions in energy sector (% of total) - Country Ranking

Definition: Nitrous oxide emissions from energy processes are emissions produced by the combustion of fossil fuels and biofuels.

Source: World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Equatorial Guinea 57.05 2008
2 Hong Kong SAR, China 41.33 2008
3 Macao SAR, China 36.60 2008
4 Bhutan 34.38 2008
5 Finland 28.66 2008
6 Qatar 28.15 2008
7 Kuwait 27.73 2008
8 Japan 27.05 2008
9 Korea 25.71 2008
10 Cayman Islands 25.18 2008
11 Burundi 24.99 2008
12 Bahrain 23.72 2008
13 Czech Republic 23.55 2008
14 Liberia 22.48 2008
15 United States 21.73 2008
16 Seychelles 21.60 2008
17 The Bahamas 19.64 2008
18 Sweden 18.95 2008
19 Canada 17.95 2008
20 Austria 17.57 2008
21 Luxembourg 17.44 2008
22 Switzerland 15.79 2008
23 Israel 15.45 2008
24 Mozambique 15.20 2008
25 Saudi Arabia 14.88 2008
26 Italy 14.86 2008
27 United Arab Emirates 14.85 2008
28 Greece 14.41 2008
29 Jamaica 14.40 2008
30 São Tomé and Principe 14.30 2008
31 Cyprus 14.22 2008
32 Estonia 14.18 2008
33 Poland 13.69 2008
34 Yemen 13.66 2008
35 Thailand 13.53 2008
36 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 13.29 2008
37 Oman 13.28 2008
38 Nepal 13.27 2008
39 Sri Lanka 13.09 2008
40 Barbados 12.95 2008
41 Pakistan 12.63 2008
42 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.60 2008
43 Antigua and Barbuda 12.58 2008
44 India 12.27 2008
45 Latvia 12.22 2008
46 Slovak Republic 12.17 2008
47 Trinidad and Tobago 12.12 2008
48 Slovenia 12.09 2008
49 Libya 11.95 2008
50 South Africa 11.92 2008
51 Russia 11.55 2008
52 Germany 11.36 2008
53 Spain 11.15 2008
54 Portugal 10.99 2008
55 Grenada 10.73 2008
56 Lebanon 10.60 2008
57 China 10.53 2008
58 St. Lucia 10.49 2008
59 Turkey 10.45 2008
60 Niger 10.37 2008
61 Iraq 10.30 2008
62 Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.21 2008
63 Rwanda 10.05 2008
64 Lesotho 9.65 2008
65 Denmark 9.55 2008
66 Belize 9.50 2008
67 Papua New Guinea 9.40 2008
68 Dominican Republic 8.98 2008
69 United Kingdom 8.91 2008
70 Mauritius 8.90 2008
71 St. Kitts and Nevis 8.78 2008
72 Macedonia 8.76 2008
73 Morocco 8.60 2008
74 Tunisia 8.57 2008
75 Mexico 8.50 2008
76 Jordan 8.48 2008
77 Malta 8.45 2008
78 Comoros 8.37 2008
79 Moldova 8.17 2008
80 Netherlands 8.15 2008
81 El Salvador 8.11 2008
82 Kiribati 8.03 2008
83 Belgium 8.00 2008
84 Norway 7.97 2008
85 Bulgaria 7.90 2008
86 Haiti 7.89 2008
87 Kazakhstan 7.77 2008
88 France 7.70 2008
89 Bangladesh 7.57 2008
90 Iran 7.42 2008
91 Guatemala 7.29 2008
92 Algeria 7.23 2008
93 Croatia 6.99 2008
94 Hungary 6.72 2008
95 Vietnam 6.68 2008
96 Australia 6.55 2008
97 Samoa 6.45 2008
98 Malaysia 6.40 2008
99 Albania 6.15 2008
100 Philippines 6.07 2008
101 Egypt 6.01 2008
102 Angola 5.99 2008
103 Afghanistan 5.99 2008
104 Costa Rica 5.94 2008
105 Chile 5.87 2008
106 Eritrea 5.75 2008
107 Ukraine 5.68 2008
108 New Caledonia 5.67 2008
109 Dominica 5.67 2008
110 Kenya 5.52 2008
111 Burkina Faso 5.49 2008
112 Romania 5.41 2008
113 Panama 5.41 2008
114 Belarus 5.40 2008
115 Azerbaijan 5.39 2008
116 Zimbabwe 5.34 2008
117 Nigeria 5.23 2008
118 Somalia 5.13 2008
119 Tanzania 5.10 2008
120 Malawi 4.94 2008
121 Brunei 4.86 2008
122 Singapore 4.73 2008
123 Ethiopia 4.66 2008
124 Uganda 4.65 2008
125 Ireland 4.38 2008
126 Swaziland 4.32 2008
127 Venezuela 4.27 2008
128 Namibia 4.24 2008
129 Syrian Arab Republic 4.04 2008
130 Madagascar 4.00 2008
131 Indonesia 3.96 2008
132 Honduras 3.92 2008
133 Iceland 3.91 2008
134 The Gambia 3.90 2008
135 Ecuador 3.88 2008
136 Togo 3.81 2008
137 Brazil 3.72 2008
138 Uzbekistan 3.68 2008
139 Djibouti 3.63 2008
140 Lao PDR 3.61 2008
141 Suriname 3.46 2008
142 Myanmar 3.43 2008
143 Tonga 3.28 2008
144 Sierra Leone 3.26 2008
145 Nicaragua 3.24 2008
146 Armenia 3.24 2008
147 Georgia 3.22 2008
148 Argentina 3.12 2008
149 Mongolia 3.09 2008
150 Peru 2.98 2008
151 Gabon 2.93 2008
152 Botswana 2.92 2008
153 Mauritania 2.85 2008
154 Côte d'Ivoire 2.82 2008
155 Colombia 2.82 2008
156 Cuba 2.74 2008
157 Zambia 2.71 2008
158 Cabo Verde 2.69 2008
159 Congo 2.68 2008
160 Senegal 2.52 2008
161 Benin 2.50 2008
162 Paraguay 2.47 2008
163 Lithuania 2.45 2008
164 Fiji 2.44 2008
165 Ghana 2.33 2008
166 New Zealand 2.26 2008
167 Dem. Rep. Congo 2.11 2008
168 Turkmenistan 1.83 2008
169 Uruguay 1.77 2008
170 Guinea-Bissau 1.69 2008
171 Cambodia 1.69 2008
172 Kyrgyz Republic 1.64 2008
173 Bolivia 1.56 2008
174 Cameroon 1.51 2008
175 Tajikistan 1.30 2008
176 Mali 1.27 2008
177 Guyana 1.26 2008
178 Chad 1.09 2008
179 Timor-Leste 1.09 2008
180 Vanuatu 0.96 2008
181 Guinea 0.85 2008
182 Sudan 0.70 2008
183 Solomon Islands 0.18 2008
184 Puerto Rico 0.06 2008
185 Central African Republic 0.05 2008
186 Serbia 0.00 2008
186 Greenland 0.00 2008
186 Palau 0.00 2008
186 Tuvalu 0.00 2008
186 Andorra 0.00 2008

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Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Nitrous oxide emissions are mainly from fossil fuel combustion, fertilizers, rainforest fires, and animal waste. Nitrous oxide is a powerful greenhouse gas, with an estimated atmospheric lifetime of 114 years, compared with 12 years for methane. The per kilogram global warming potential of nitrous oxide is nearly 310 times that of carbon dioxide within 100 years. The emissions are usually expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents using the global warming potential, which allows the effective contributions of different gases to be compared.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual