Total greenhouse gas emissions (% change from 1990) - Country Ranking

Definition: Total greenhouse gas emissions are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6). Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Source: World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Equatorial Guinea 2,519.02 2012
2 Mozambique 828.87 2012
3 Cambodia 552.60 2012
4 Botswana 514.00 2012
5 Chad 498.73 2012
6 Lao PDR 436.76 2012
7 Sudan 430.92 2012
8 Namibia 421.23 2012
9 Senegal 391.86 2012
10 Qatar 369.35 2012
11 Guinea-Bissau 366.89 2012
12 Grenada 359.90 2012
13 Trinidad and Tobago 297.78 2012
14 Ghana 265.43 2012
15 Burkina Faso 261.37 2012
16 Central African Republic 252.29 2012
17 Bolivia 222.73 2012
18 China 219.95 2012
19 Yemen 218.48 2012
20 Vietnam 213.63 2012
21 The Gambia 196.68 2012
22 Kuwait 184.58 2012
23 United Arab Emirates 182.61 2012
24 Gabon 181.59 2012
25 Ethiopia 175.32 2012
26 Saudi Arabia 167.77 2012
27 Bhutan 157.55 2012
28 Lebanon 155.83 2012
29 Malawi 153.39 2012
30 Mali 151.47 2012
31 Seychelles 149.21 2012
32 Belize 148.11 2012
33 Tanzania 147.85 2012
34 Madagascar 143.90 2012
35 Panama 138.45 2012
36 Jordan 134.48 2012
37 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 126.98 2012
38 Mauritius 124.37 2012
39 Burundi 123.46 2012
40 Mauritania 123.25 2012
41 Korea 122.62 2012
42 Chile 120.51 2012
43 Uganda 118.76 2012
44 India 116.44 2012
45 St. Lucia 115.29 2012
46 Pakistan 114.28 2012
47 Morocco 114.25 2012
48 Egypt 112.43 2012
49 Israel 112.18 2012
50 Timor-Leste 111.77 2012
51 Thailand 111.67 2012
52 Guatemala 111.41 2012
53 Rwanda 105.72 2012
54 Zimbabwe 105.29 2012
55 São Tomé and Principe 100.55 2012
56 St. Kitts and Nevis 99.13 2012
57 Turkey 98.54 2012
58 Cabo Verde 97.53 2012
59 Dominican Republic 96.43 2012
60 Iran 94.26 2012
61 Bahrain 92.66 2012
62 Comoros 91.67 2012
63 El Salvador 88.13 2012
64 Tunisia 87.20 2012
65 Brazil 86.12 2012
66 Lesotho 84.48 2012
67 Nigeria 84.36 2012
68 Oman 75.93 2012
69 Philippines 73.63 2012
70 Singapore 71.71 2012
71 Togo 71.00 2012
72 Ecuador 70.92 2012
73 Dominica 70.54 2012
74 Canada 68.73 2012
75 Jamaica 66.05 2012
76 Algeria 65.79 2012
77 Sri Lanka 65.69 2012
78 Niger 65.40 2012
79 Haiti 64.93 2012
80 Macao SAR, China 64.71 2012
81 Nepal 62.28 2012
82 Liberia 61.71 2012
83 Nicaragua 59.04 2012
84 Syrian Arab Republic 58.67 2012
85 Australia 57.93 2012
86 Hong Kong SAR, China 57.39 2012
87 Iraq 55.74 2012
88 Guinea 55.51 2012
89 Swaziland 53.78 2012
90 Zambia 52.76 2012
91 Djibouti 51.86 2012
92 Cayman Islands 50.94 2012
93 Eritrea 49.25 2012
94 Honduras 49.15 2012
95 Antigua and Barbuda 48.47 2012
96 Kiribati 45.89 2012
97 Afghanistan 45.03 2012
98 Cyprus 44.85 2012
99 Bangladesh 44.67 2012
100 Costa Rica 42.83 2012
101 Argentina 42.67 2012
102 Malaysia 40.54 2012
103 Kenya 39.44 2012
104 The Bahamas 35.39 2012
105 Libya 34.47 2012
106 Mexico 34.26 2012
107 Venezuela 34.18 2012
108 Uruguay 31.12 2012
109 Greenland 30.52 2012
110 Tuvalu 29.96 2012
111 South Africa 29.04 2012
112 Barbados 28.42 2012
113 Tonga 27.25 2012
114 Peru 25.63 2012
115 Portugal 24.55 2012
116 Samoa 24.03 2012
117 Sierra Leone 22.66 2012
118 Somalia 22.07 2012
119 Palau 19.84 2012
120 New Zealand 18.94 2012
121 Spain 18.72 2012
122 Japan 13.35 2012
123 Turkmenistan 13.34 2012
124 Austria 13.31 2012
125 Puerto Rico 11.97 2012
126 Slovenia 5.49 2012
127 Uzbekistan 4.64 2012
128 Greece 4.05 2012
129 Cameroon 3.45 2012
130 United States 3.39 2012
131 Vanuatu 2.97 2012
132 New Caledonia 1.66 2012
133 Colombia -0.56 2012
134 Kazakhstan -1.55 2012
135 Fiji -3.04 2012
136 Belgium -3.26 2012
137 Luxembourg -3.75 2012
138 Switzerland -4.05 2012
139 Ireland -4.80 2012
140 Italy -5.14 2012
141 Norway -5.82 2012
142 Cuba -8.11 2012
143 Finland -8.58 2012
144 Macedonia -9.33 2012
145 France -10.01 2012
146 Croatia -12.42 2012
147 Poland -12.53 2012
148 Netherlands -12.74 2012
149 Bosnia and Herzegovina -13.44 2012
150 Sweden -14.78 2012
151 Angola -18.01 2012
152 Brunei -19.26 2012
153 Albania -19.92 2012
154 Paraguay -20.35 2012
155 Russia -21.99 2012
156 Solomon Islands -22.22 2012
157 Germany -24.23 2012
158 United Kingdom -24.63 2012
159 Denmark -25.91 2012
160 Malta -26.26 2012
161 Azerbaijan -27.61 2012
162 Benin -28.94 2012
163 Tajikistan -29.09 2012
164 Czech Republic -29.18 2012
165 Dem. People's Rep. Korea -32.58 2012
166 Indonesia -33.01 2012
167 Hungary -35.43 2012
168 Slovak Republic -35.93 2012
169 Bulgaria -37.14 2012
170 Myanmar -39.64 2012
171 Belarus -40.86 2012
172 Dem. Rep. Congo -41.73 2012
173 Congo -43.76 2012
174 Lithuania -45.82 2012
175 Armenia -50.18 2012
176 Romania -50.76 2012
177 Mongolia -55.30 2012
178 Ukraine -57.52 2012
179 Estonia -58.25 2012
180 Kyrgyz Republic -58.55 2012
181 Latvia -58.58 2012
182 Georgia -61.73 2012
183 Papua New Guinea -62.42 2012
184 Guyana -63.31 2012
185 Moldova -70.15 2012
186 Iceland -74.66 2012
187 Suriname -74.68 2012
188 Côte d'Ivoire -77.99 2012

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Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The GHG totals are expressed in CO2 equivalent using the GWP100 metric of the Second Assessment Report of IPCC and include CO2 (GWP100=1), CH4 (GWP100=21), N2O (GWP100=310) and F-gases (c-C4F8 GWP=8700, C2F6 GWP=9200, C3F8 GWP=7000, C4F10 GWP=7000, C5F12 GWP=7500, C6F14 GWP=7400, C7F16 GWP=7820, CF4 GWP=6500, HFC-125 GWP=2800, HFC-134a GWP=1300, HFC-143a GWP=3800, HFC-152a GWP=140, HFC-227ea GWP=2900, HFC-23 GWP=11700, HFC-236fa GWP=6300, HFC-245fa GWP=858, HFC-32 GWP=650, HFC-365mfc GWP=804, HFC-43-10-mee GWP=1300, SF6 GWP=23900).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Period range (from 1990)