Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) - Country Ranking

Definition: Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6).

Source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China 12,454,710.00 2012
2 United States 6,343,841.00 2012
3 India 3,002,895.00 2012
4 Brazil 2,989,418.00 2012
5 Russia 2,803,399.00 2012
6 Japan 1,478,859.00 2012
7 Canada 1,027,064.00 2012
8 Germany 951,716.70 2012
9 Dem. Rep. Congo 802,271.30 2012
10 Indonesia 780,550.80 2012
11 Australia 761,686.30 2012
12 Korea 668,989.60 2012
13 Mexico 663,424.90 2012
14 Bolivia 621,726.80 2012
15 United Kingdom 585,779.80 2012
16 Iran 551,144.10 2012
17 Saudi Arabia 549,111.60 2012
18 Myanmar 528,416.20 2012
19 Central African Republic 515,134.10 2012
20 France 499,146.60 2012
21 Sudan 491,982.30 2012
22 Italy 482,634.00 2012
23 South Africa 450,615.80 2012
24 Turkey 445,640.10 2012
25 Thailand 440,411.70 2012
26 Poland 414,606.90 2012
27 Ukraine 404,900.30 2012
28 Mozambique 380,308.30 2012
29 Argentina 380,295.30 2012
30 Pakistan 369,734.60 2012
31 Kazakhstan 366,502.20 2012
32 Spain 348,257.30 2012
33 Zambia 320,254.20 2012
34 Vietnam 310,664.10 2012
35 Nigeria 301,010.10 2012
36 Egypt 295,499.80 2012
37 Venezuela 281,921.40 2012
38 Malaysia 279,098.40 2012
39 Tanzania 235,353.10 2012
40 United Arab Emirates 204,888.70 2012
41 Netherlands 195,873.80 2012
42 Ethiopia 185,292.20 2012
43 Bangladesh 183,300.60 2012
44 Uzbekistan 177,223.80 2012
45 Algeria 176,471.20 2012
46 Colombia 173,411.80 2012
47 Philippines 167,297.50 2012
48 Lao PDR 161,718.70 2012
49 Iraq 155,529.50 2012
50 Czech Republic 138,957.40 2012
51 Belgium 133,373.70 2012
52 Cambodia 127,399.60 2012
53 Romania 121,762.20 2012
54 Chile 120,687.90 2012
55 Madagascar 117,932.60 2012
56 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 109,895.00 2012
57 Chad 109,796.00 2012
58 Belarus 109,647.20 2012
59 Ghana 107,784.30 2012
60 Qatar 103,155.10 2012
61 Guinea 101,349.00 2012
62 Cameroon 100,922.10 2012
63 Greece 100,571.20 2012
64 Kuwait 99,467.12 2012
65 Turkmenistan 92,178.08 2012
66 Austria 90,460.21 2012
67 Israel 84,044.44 2012
68 Libya 82,129.13 2012
69 Botswana 82,110.27 2012
70 Uganda 80,725.09 2012
71 Morocco 80,436.72 2012
72 New Zealand 78,130.98 2012
73 Mali 77,437.93 2012
74 Syrian Arab Republic 77,118.71 2012
75 Peru 74,806.95 2012
76 Portugal 72,524.22 2012
77 Zimbabwe 72,057.80 2012
78 Finland 69,072.94 2012
79 Bulgaria 67,942.70 2012
80 Sweden 65,767.79 2012
81 Norway 63,536.73 2012
82 Hungary 62,988.40 2012
83 Ireland 62,433.02 2012
84 Oman 62,201.55 2012
85 Trinidad and Tobago 61,308.52 2012
86 Hong Kong SAR, China 58,633.52 2012
87 Azerbaijan 56,537.08 2012
88 Singapore 55,910.28 2012
89 Kenya 54,302.09 2012
90 Senegal 54,185.37 2012
91 Switzerland 54,108.10 2012
92 Denmark 53,703.22 2012
93 Ecuador 52,746.57 2012
94 Cuba 52,418.46 2012
95 Paraguay 50,843.95 2012
96 Slovak Republic 46,301.27 2012
97 Burkina Faso 43,910.40 2012
98 Angola 41,657.16 2012
99 Yemen 40,924.63 2012
100 Nepal 40,762.71 2012
101 Tunisia 39,721.01 2012
102 Namibia 38,049.27 2012
103 Congo 35,743.92 2012
104 Gabon 34,570.63 2012
105 Uruguay 34,237.83 2012
106 Benin 33,533.10 2012
107 Côte d'Ivoire 33,502.16 2012
108 Dominican Republic 33,395.09 2012
109 Bahrain 32,849.11 2012
110 Guatemala 31,515.45 2012
111 Sri Lanka 30,451.83 2012
112 Croatia 30,421.05 2012
113 Lithuania 29,442.21 2012
114 Jordan 27,198.59 2012
115 Bosnia and Herzegovina 27,108.40 2012
116 Mongolia 25,944.26 2012
117 Estonia 23,292.78 2012
118 Togo 22,931.86 2012
119 Somalia 21,916.32 2012
120 Malawi 21,632.13 2012
121 Slovenia 21,074.75 2012
122 Honduras 20,467.16 2012
123 Lebanon 20,371.97 2012
124 Afghanistan 18,168.86 2012
125 Nicaragua 16,323.04 2012
126 Panama 16,248.77 2012
127 Jamaica 15,474.32 2012
128 Tajikistan 15,364.58 2012
129 Brunei 14,828.97 2012
130 Georgia 14,627.75 2012
131 Latvia 13,943.92 2012
132 Kyrgyz Republic 13,794.74 2012
133 Mauritania 13,343.16 2012
134 Macedonia 12,992.25 2012
135 Luxembourg 12,611.00 2012
136 El Salvador 12,577.79 2012
137 Armenia 12,319.39 2012
138 Costa Rica 12,274.13 2012
139 Sierra Leone 11,810.89 2012
140 Niger 11,460.92 2012
141 Moldova 11,350.63 2012
142 Papua New Guinea 11,087.46 2012
143 Albania 8,898.64 2012
144 Haiti 8,835.47 2012
145 Guinea-Bissau 7,604.73 2012
146 Cyprus 7,431.19 2012
147 Rwanda 6,689.95 2012
148 Equatorial Guinea 6,374.17 2012
149 Burundi 6,254.37 2012
150 Guyana 6,140.69 2012
151 Iceland 5,514.85 2012
152 Eritrea 4,977.89 2012
153 The Bahamas 4,865.21 2012
154 Solomon Islands 4,591.46 2012
155 Mauritius 3,537.55 2012
156 The Gambia 3,529.23 2012
157 Swaziland 3,478.03 2012
158 Lesotho 3,472.71 2012
159 Bhutan 3,296.96 2012
160 Puerto Rico 3,293.26 2012
161 Liberia 2,833.94 2012
162 Djibouti 2,766.30 2012
163 Suriname 2,657.88 2012
164 Fiji 2,258.17 2012
165 Malta 1,921.13 2012
166 Macao SAR, China 1,673.84 2012
167 New Caledonia 1,660.25 2012
168 Belize 1,569.86 2012
169 Barbados 1,540.62 2012
170 Timor-Leste 959.35 2012
171 Seychelles 910.29 2012
172 Grenada 726.19 2012
173 St. Lucia 598.77 2012
174 Comoros 564.22 2012
175 Antigua and Barbuda 552.75 2012
176 Cayman Islands 448.88 2012
177 Vanuatu 446.22 2012
178 Cabo Verde 411.33 2012
179 Samoa 356.09 2012
180 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 319.22 2012
181 Greenland 262.84 2012
182 Dominica 222.84 2012
183 São Tomé and Principe 195.49 2012
184 St. Kitts and Nevis 194.57 2012
185 Tonga 158.36 2012
186 Kiribati 58.04 2012
187 Tuvalu 5.24 2012
188 Palau 1.39 2012

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Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The GHG totals are expressed in CO2 equivalent using the GWP100 metric of the Second Assessment Report of IPCC and include CO2 (GWP100=1), CH4 (GWP100=21), N2O (GWP100=310) and F-gases (c-C4F8 GWP=8700, C2F6 GWP=9200, C3F8 GWP=7000, C4F10 GWP=7000, C5F12 GWP=7500, C6F14 GWP=7400, C7F16 GWP=7820, CF4 GWP=6500, HFC-125 GWP=2800, HFC-134a GWP=1300, HFC-143a GWP=3800, HFC-152a GWP=140, HFC-227ea GWP=2900, HFC-23 GWP=11700, HFC-236fa GWP=6300, HFC-245fa GWP=858, HFC-32 GWP=650, HFC-365mfc GWP=804, HFC-43-10-mee GWP=1300, SF6 GWP=23900).

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual