Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) - Country Ranking

Definition: Rural land area below 5m is the percentage of total land where the rural land elevation is 5 meters or less.

Source: Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University. 2013. Urban-Rural Population and Land Area Estimates Version 2. Palisades, NY: NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC). http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/lecz-urban-rural-population-land-area-estimates-v2.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Kiribati 54.56 2010
2 The Bahamas 51.94 2010
3 Netherlands 32.91 2010
4 Tuvalu 32.65 2010
5 Macao SAR, China 19.81 2010
6 The Gambia 16.08 2010
7 Vietnam 14.61 2010
8 Seychelles 14.22 2010
9 Bahrain 12.67 2010
10 Denmark 11.59 2010
11 Qatar 11.44 2010
12 Greenland 10.14 2010
13 Bangladesh 8.99 2010
14 Cuba 8.33 2010
15 Antigua and Barbuda 7.46 2010
16 Kuwait 6.79 2010
17 Guinea-Bissau 6.43 2010
18 Tonga 5.78 2010
19 Belize 5.66 2010
20 Albania 4.56 2010
21 Hong Kong SAR, China 4.46 2010
22 Singapore 3.71 2010
23 Germany 3.55 2010
24 Myanmar 3.54 2010
25 Senegal 3.42 2010
26 United Arab Emirates 3.30 2010
27 Cabo Verde 3.27 2010
28 Cayman Islands 3.19 2010
29 Monaco 3.09 2010
30 United Kingdom 3.04 2010
31 Nicaragua 2.99 2010
32 Iraq 2.88 2010
33 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.86 2010
34 Sierra Leone 2.83 2010
35 New Caledonia 2.80 2010
36 Belgium 2.77 2010
37 Cambodia 2.63 2010
38 Italy 2.58 2010
39 Indonesia 2.56 2010
40 Suriname 2.48 2010
41 Fiji 2.47 2010
42 Jamaica 2.41 2010
43 Philippines 2.38 2010
44 Korea 2.31 2010
45 Greece 2.28 2010
46 Romania 2.27 2010
47 Iceland 2.22 2010
48 Guyana 2.18 2010
49 Mexico 2.07 2010
50 Thailand 2.07 2010
51 St. Kitts and Nevis 2.01 2010
52 Honduras 2.01 2010
53 Palau 1.89 2010
54 Trinidad and Tobago 1.73 2010
55 Sri Lanka 1.73 2010
56 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 1.72 2010
57 Canada 1.72 2010
58 Norway 1.71 2010
59 Estonia 1.70 2010
60 Ireland 1.69 2010
61 Dominican Republic 1.63 2010
62 Solomon Islands 1.60 2010
63 Panama 1.57 2010
64 Pakistan 1.52 2010
65 Haiti 1.51 2010
66 Malta 1.43 2010
67 Uruguay 1.40 2010
68 Tunisia 1.40 2010
69 India 1.38 2010
70 Venezuela 1.36 2010
71 Grenada 1.35 2010
72 Egypt 1.34 2010
73 Mozambique 1.31 2010
74 Latvia 1.30 2010
75 Ecuador 1.28 2010
76 Eritrea 1.20 2010
77 Georgia 1.13 2010
78 Ukraine 1.09 2010
79 Lithuania 1.08 2010
80 Mauritius 1.07 2010
81 Mauritania 1.06 2010
82 France 1.05 2010
83 Malaysia 1.03 2010
84 United States 0.98 2010
85 Japan 0.94 2010
86 Poland 0.94 2010
87 Guinea 0.91 2010
88 China 0.91 2010
89 Benin 0.90 2010
90 Moldova 0.87 2010
91 Puerto Rico 0.87 2010
92 Portugal 0.85 2010
93 New Zealand 0.84 2010
94 Argentina 0.83 2010
95 São Tomé and Principe 0.83 2010
96 Croatia 0.82 2010
97 Vanuatu 0.81 2010
98 Iran 0.79 2010
99 Cyprus 0.79 2010
100 Russia 0.77 2010
101 Comoros 0.77 2010
102 St. Lucia 0.74 2010
103 Madagascar 0.73 2010
104 El Salvador 0.71 2010
105 Oman 0.71 2010
106 Timor-Leste 0.66 2010
107 Sweden 0.65 2010
108 Djibouti 0.64 2010
109 Australia 0.58 2010
110 Brazil 0.57 2010
111 Costa Rica 0.56 2010
112 Colombia 0.53 2010
113 Dominica 0.51 2010
114 Ghana 0.51 2010
115 Chile 0.50 2010
116 Libya 0.47 2010
117 Papua New Guinea 0.47 2010
118 Turkey 0.43 2010
119 Spain 0.43 2010
120 Nigeria 0.41 2010
121 Finland 0.41 2010
122 Yemen 0.38 2010
123 Guatemala 0.37 2010
124 Samoa 0.34 2010
125 Lebanon 0.33 2010
126 Togo 0.33 2010
127 Saudi Arabia 0.32 2010
128 Gabon 0.31 2010
129 Peru 0.31 2010
130 Somalia 0.27 2010
131 Liberia 0.25 2010
132 Barbados 0.25 2010
133 Kenya 0.24 2010
134 Equatorial Guinea 0.24 2010
135 Namibia 0.19 2010
136 Morocco 0.17 2010
137 Bulgaria 0.13 2010
138 Angola 0.12 2010
139 Côte d'Ivoire 0.12 2010
140 Brunei 0.12 2010
141 Israel 0.11 2010
142 Tanzania 0.08 2010
143 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.07 2010
144 Sudan 0.07 2010
145 South Africa 0.06 2010
146 Cameroon 0.03 2010
147 Syrian Arab Republic 0.02 2010
148 Dem. Rep. Congo 0.02 2010
149 Algeria 0.02 2010
150 Congo 0.01 2010
151 Slovenia 0.01 2010
152 Jordan 0.00 2010
153 Belarus 0.00 2010
153 Ethiopia 0.00 2010
153 Malawi 0.00 2010
153 Lao PDR 0.00 2010
153 Luxembourg 0.00 2010
153 Macedonia 0.00 2010
153 Swaziland 0.00 2010
153 Switzerland 0.00 2010
153 Mali 0.00 2010
153 San Marino 0.00 2010

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Development Relevance: Scientists use the terms climate change and global warming to refer to the gradual increase in the Earth's surface temperature that has accelerated since the industrial revolution and especially over the past two decades. Most global warming has been caused by human activities that have changed the chemical composition of the atmosphere through a buildup of greenhouse gases - primarily carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. Rising global temperatures will cause sea level rise and alter local climate conditions, affecting forests, crop yields, and water supplies, and may affect human health, animals, and many types of ecosystems.

Limitations and Exceptions: The 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) assessment report concluded that global warming is “unequivocal” and gave the strongest warning yet about the role of human activities. The report estimated that sea levels would rise approximately 49 centimeters over the next 100 years, with a range of uncertainty of 20–86 centimeters. That will lead to increased coastal flooding through direct inundation and a higher base for storm surges, allowing flooding of larger areas and higher elevations. Climate model simulations predict an increase in average surface air temperature of about 2.5°C by 2100 (Kattenberg and others 1996) and increase of “killer” heat waves during the warm season (Karl and others 1997).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Elevation data used to generate the low elevation coastal zones come from the SRTM3 Enhanced Global Map developed by ISCIENCES. The ISCIENCES digital elevation model was created using NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory Shuttle Radar Topography Mission data processed to 3 arc-seconds (SRTM3).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual