China - Life expectancy at birth, male (years)

The value for Life expectancy at birth, male (years) in China was 74.50 as of 2015. As the graph below shows, over the past 55 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 74.50 in 2015 and a minimum value of 42.01 in 1960.

Definition: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.

Source: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (3) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (4) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Reprot (various years), (5) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database, and (6) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme.

See also:

Year Value
1960 42.01
1961 42.35
1962 43.05
1963 44.17
1964 45.69
1965 47.53
1966 49.57
1967 51.64
1968 53.61
1969 55.39
1970 56.93
1971 58.25
1972 59.39
1973 60.43
1974 61.35
1975 62.19
1976 62.93
1977 63.58
1978 64.15
1979 64.66
1980 65.10
1981 65.49
1982 65.84
1983 66.14
1984 66.41
1985 66.64
1986 66.84
1987 67.02
1988 67.16
1989 67.29
1990 67.41
1991 67.53
1992 67.65
1993 67.78
1994 67.94
1995 68.14
1996 68.41
1997 68.75
1998 69.15
1999 69.60
2000 70.09
2001 70.59
2002 71.07
2003 71.52
2004 71.92
2005 72.27
2006 72.56
2007 72.82
2008 73.05
2009 73.27
2010 73.48
2011 73.69
2012 73.89
2013 74.09
2014 74.29
2015 74.50

Development Relevance: Mortality rates for different age groups (infants, children, and adults) and overall mortality indicators (life expectancy at birth or survival to a given age) are important indicators of health status in a country. Because data on the incidence and prevalence of diseases are frequently unavailable, mortality rates are often used to identify vulnerable populations. And they are among the indicators most frequently used to compare socioeconomic development across countries.

Limitations and Exceptions: Annual data series from United Nations Population Division's World Population Prospects are interpolated data from 5-year period data. Therefore they may not reflect real events as much as observed data.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Life expectancy at birth used here is the average number of years a newborn is expected to live if mortality patterns at the time of its birth remain constant in the future. It reflects the overall mortality level of a population, and summarizes the mortality pattern that prevails across all age groups in a given year. It is calculated in a period life table which reflects a snapshot of a mortality pattern of a population at a given time. It therefore does not reflect actual mortality patterns that a person actually goes through during his/her life, which can be calculated in a cohort life table. High mortality in young age groups significantly lowers the life expectancy at birth. But if a person survives his/her childhood of high mortality, he/she may live much longer. For example, in a population with a life expectancy at birth of 50, there may be few people dying at age 50. The life expectancy at birth may be low due to the high childhood mortality so that once a person survives his/her childhood, he/she may live much longer than 50 years.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

Classification

Topic: Health Indicators

Sub-Topic: Mortality