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Afghanistan31,822,848 (July 2014 est.)
Akrotiriapproximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK-based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Albania3,020,209 (July 2014 est.)
Algeria38,813,722 (July 2014 est.)
American Samoa54,517 (July 2014 est.)
Andorra85,458 (July 2014 est.)
Angola19,088,106 (July 2014 est.)
Anguilla16,086 (July 2014 est.)
Antarcticano indigenous inhabitants, but there are both permanent and summer-only staffed research stations
note: 29 nations, all signatory to the Antarctic Treaty, operate through their National Antarctic Program a number of seasonal-only (summer) and year-round research stations on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty); the population engaging in and supporting science or managing and protecting the Antarctic region varies from approximately 4,400 in summer to 1,100 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel, including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research, are present in the waters of the treaty region; peak summer (December-February) population - 4,490 total; Argentina 667, Australia 200, Australia and Romania jointly 13, Belgium 20, Brazil 40, Bulgaria 18, Chile 359, China 90, Czech Republic 20, Ecuador 26, Finland 20, France 125, France and Italy jointly 60, Germany 90, India 65, Italy 102, Japan 125, South Korea 70, NZ 85, Norway 44, Peru 28, Poland 40, Russia 429, South Africa 80, Spain 50, Sweden 20, Ukraine 24, UK 217, US 1,293, Uruguay 70 (2008-2009); winter (June-August) station population - 1,106 total; Argentina 176, Australia 62, Brazil 12, Chile 114, China 29, France 26, France and Italy jointly 13, Germany 9, India 25, Japan 40, South Korea 18, NZ 10, Norway 7, Poland 12, Russia 148, South Africa 10, Ukraine 12, UK 37, US 337, Uruguay 9 (2009); research stations operated within the Antarctic Treaty area (south of 60 degrees south latitude) by National Antarctic Programs; year-round stations - 40 total; Argentina 6, Australia 3, Brazil 1, Chile 6, China 2, France 1, France and Italy jointly 1, Germany 1, India 1, Japan 1, South Korea 1, NZ 1, Norway 1, Poland 1, Russia 5, South Africa 1, Ukraine 1, UK 2, US 3, Uruguay 1 (2009); a range of seasonal-only (summer) stations, camps, and refuges - Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Poland, Romania (with Australia), Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, UK, US, and Uruguay (2008-2009); in addition, during the austral summer some nations have numerous occupied locations such as tent camps, summer-long temporary facilities, and mobile traverses in support of research (May 2009 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda91,295 (July 2014 est.)
Argentina43,024,374 (July 2014 est.)
Armenia3,060,631 (July 2014 est.)
Aruba110,663 (July 2014 est.)
Ashmore and Cartier Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island; access to East and Middle Islands is by permit only
Australia22,507,617 (July 2014 est.)
Austria8,223,062 (July 2014 est.)
Azerbaijan9,686,210 (July 2014 est.)
Bahamas, The321,834
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Bahrain1,314,089
note: immigrants make up almost 55% of the total population, according to UN data (2013) (July 2014 est.)
Bangladesh166,280,712 (July 2014 est.)
Barbados289,680 (July 2014 est.)
Belarus9,608,058 (July 2014 est.)
Belgium10,449,361 (July 2014 est.)
Belize340,844 (July 2014 est.)
Benin10,160,556
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Bermuda69,839 (July 2014 est.)
Bhutan733,643
note: the Factbook population estimate is consistent with the first modern census of Bhutan, conducted in 2005; previous Factbook population estimates for Bhutan, which were on the order of three times the total population reported here, were based on Bhutanese Government publications that did not include the census (July 2014 est.)
Bolivia10,631,486 (July 2014 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina3,871,643 (July 2014 est.)
Botswana2,155,784
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Bouvet Islanduninhabited
Brazil202,656,788 (July 2014 est.)
British Indian Ocean Territoryno indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 1,200 former agricultural workers resident in the Chagos Archipelago, often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois, were relocated to Mauritius and the Seychelles in the 1960s and 1970s; approximately 3,000 UK and US military personnel and civilian contractors were living on the island of Diego Garcia
British Virgin Islands32,680 (July 2014 est.)
Brunei422,675 (July 2014 est.)
Bulgaria6,924,716 (July 2014 est.)
Burkina Faso18,365,123
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Burma55,746,253
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Burundi10,395,931
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Cambodia15,458,332
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Cameroon23,130,708
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Canada34,834,841 (July 2014 est.)
Cape Verde538,535 (July 2014 est.)
Cayman Islands54,914 (July 2013 est.)
note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman (July 2014 est.)
Central African Republic5,277,959
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Chad11,412,107 (July 2014 est.)
Chile17,363,894 (July 2014 est.)
China1,355,692,576 (July 2014 est.)
Christmas Island1,530 (July 2014 est.)
Clipperton Islanduninhabited
Cocos (Keeling) Islands596 (July 2014 est.)
Colombia46,245,297 (July 2014 est.)
Comoros766,865 (July 2014 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the77,433,744
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Congo, Republic of the4,662,446
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Cook Islands10,134
note: the Cook Islands' Ministry of Finance & Economic Management estimated the resident population to have been 13,700 in September 2013 (July 2014 est.)
Coral Sea Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a staff of three to four at the meteorological station on Willis Island (July 2007 est.)
Costa Rica4,755,234 (July 2014 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire22,848,945
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Croatia4,470,534 (July 2014 est.)
Cuba11,047,251 (July 2014 est.)
Curacao146,836 (July 2013 est.)
Cyprus1,172,458 (July 2014 est.)
Czech Republic10,627,448 (July 2014 est.)
Denmark5,569,077 (July 2014 est.)
Dhekeliaapproximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 service and UK based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Djibouti810,179 (July 2014 est.)
Dominica73,449 (July 2014 est.)
Dominican Republic10,349,741 (July 2014 est.)
East Timor1,201,542
note: other estimates range as low as 800,000 (July 2014 est.)
Ecuador15,654,411 (July 2014 est.)
Egypt86,895,099 (July 2014 est.)
El Salvador6,125,512 (July 2014 est.)
Equatorial Guinea722,254 (July 2014 est.)
Eritrea6,380,803 (July 2014 est.)
Estonia1,257,921 (July 2014 est.)
Ethiopia96,633,458
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
European Union511,434,812 (July 2014 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)2,840 (July 2012 est.)
Faroe Islands49,947 (July 2014 est.)
Fiji903,207 (July 2014 est.)
Finland5,268,799 (July 2014 est.)
France66,259,012
note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233 (July 2014 est.)
French Polynesia280,026 (July 2014 est.)
French Southern and Antarctic Landsno indigenous inhabitants
Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): has no permanent residents but has a meteorological station
Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): is uninhabited but is frequently visited by fishermen and has a scientific research cabin for short stays
Iles Crozet: are uninhabited except for 18 to 30 people staffing the Alfred Faure research station on Ile del la Possession
Iles Kerguelen: 50 to 100 scientists are located at the main base at Port-aux-Francais on Ile Kerguelen
Bassas da India (Iles Eparses): uninhabitable
Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island (Iles Eparses): a small French military garrison and a few meteorologists on each possession; visited by scientists
Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses): uninhabited, except for visits by scientists
Gabon1,672,597
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Gambia, The1,925,527 (July 2014 est.)
Gaza Strip1,816,379 (July 2014 est.)
Georgia4,935,880 (July 2014 est.)
Germany80,996,685 (July 2014 est.)
Ghana25,758,108
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Gibraltar29,185 (July 2014 est.)
Greece10,775,557 (July 2014 est.)
Greenland57,728 (July 2014 est.)
Grenada110,152 (July 2014 est.)
Guam161,001 (July 2014 est.)
Guatemala14,647,083 (July 2014 est.)
Guernsey65,849 (July 2014 est.)
Guinea11,474,383 (July 2014 est.)
Guinea-Bissau1,693,398 (July 2014 est.)
Guyana735,554
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Haiti9,996,731
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Heard Island and McDonald Islandsuninhabited
Holy See (Vatican City)842 (July 2014 est.)
Honduras8,598,561
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Hong Kong7,112,688 (July 2014 est.)
Howland Islanduninhabited
note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II, but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Hungary9,919,128 (July 2014 est.)
Iceland317,351 (July 2014 est.)
India1,236,344,631 (July 2014 est.)
Indonesia253,609,643 (July 2014 est.)
Iran80,840,713 (July 2014 est.)
Iraq32,585,692 (July 2014 est.)
Ireland4,832,765 (July 2014 est.)
Isle of Man86,866 (July 2014 est.)
Israel7,821,850
note: approximately 341,400 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank (2012); approximately 18,900 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2012); approximately 196,400 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2011) (July 2014 est.)
Italy61,680,122 (July 2014 est.)
Jamaica2,930,050 (July 2014 est.)
Jan Mayenno indigenous inhabitants
note: personnel operate the Long Range Navigation (Loran-C) base and the weather and coastal services radio station
Japan127,103,388 (July 2014 est.)
Jarvis Islanduninhabited
note: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Jersey96,513 (July 2014 est.)
Johnston Atolluninhabited
note: in previous years, there was an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel present; as of September 2001, population had decreased significantly when US Army Chemical Activity Pacific (USACAP) departed; as of May 2005 all US Government personnel had left the island
Jordan7,930,491 (July 2014 est.)
Kazakhstan17,948,816 (July 2014 est.)
Kenya45,010,056
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Kingman Reefuninhabited (July 2007 est.)
Kiribati104,488 (July 2014 est.)
Korea, North24,851,627 (July 2014 est.)
Korea, South49,039,986 (July 2014 est.)
Kosovo1,859,203 (July 2014 est.)
Kuwait2,742,711
note: Kuwait's Public Authority for Civil Information estimates the country's total population to be 3,996,899 for 2014, with immigrants accounting for almost 69% (July 2014 est.)
Kyrgyzstan5,604,212 (July 2014 est.)
Laos6,803,699 (July 2014 est.)
Latvia2,165,165 (July 2014 est.)
Lebanon5,882,562 (July 2014 est.)
Lesotho1,942,008
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Liberia4,092,310 (July 2014 est.)
Libya6,244,174
note: immigrants make up just over 12% of the total population, according to UN data (2013) (July 2014 est.)
Liechtenstein37,313 (July 2014 est.)
Lithuania3,505,738
note: Statistics Lithuania (the national statistical agency of Lithuania) estimates the country's total population at the start of 2013 to be 2,971,905, which takes into account the findings of Lithuania's 2011 census and the high rate of net outmigration since the country joined the EU in 2004 (July 2014 est.)
Luxembourg520,672 (July 2014 est.)
Macau587,914
note: Macau's statistical agency estimated the total population to be approximately 607,500 as of 31 December 2013 (July 2014 est.)
Macedonia2,091,719 (July 2014 est.)
Madagascar23,201,926 (July 2014 est.)
Malawi17,377,468
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Malaysia30,073,353 (July 2014 est.)
Maldives393,595 (July 2014 est.)
Mali16,455,903 (July 2014 est.)
Malta412,655 (July 2014 est.)
Marshall Islands70,983 (July 2014 est.)
Mauritania3,516,806 (July 2014 est.)
Mauritius1,331,155 (July 2014 est.)
Mexico120,286,655 (July 2014 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of105,681 (July 2014 est.)
Midway Islandsno indigenous inhabitants; approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll (July 2014 est.)
Moldova3,583,288 (July 2014 est.)
Monaco30,508
note: immigrants make up more than 60% of the total population, according to UN data (2013) (July 2014 est.)
Mongolia2,953,190 (July 2014 est.)
Montenegro650,036 (July 2014 est.)
Montserrat5,215
note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2014 est.)
Morocco32,987,206 (July 2014 est.)
Mozambique24,692,144
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Namibia2,198,406
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Nauru9,488 (July 2014 est.)
Navassa Islanduninhabited
note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island
Nepal30,986,975 (July 2014 est.)
Netherlands16,877,351 (July 2014 est.)
New Caledonia267,840 (July 2014 est.)
New Zealand4,401,916 (July 2014 est.)
Nicaragua5,848,641 (July 2014 est.)
Niger17,466,172 (July 2014 est.)
Nigeria177,155,754
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Niue1,190 (July 2014 est.)
Norfolk Island2,210 (July 2014 est.)
Northern Mariana Islands51,483 (July 2014 est.)
Norway5,147,792 (July 2014 est.)
Oman3,219,775
note: immigrants make up just over 30% of the total population, according to UN data (2013) (July 2014 est.)
Pakistan196,174,380 (July 2014 est.)
Palau21,186 (July 2014 est.)
Palmyra Atollno indigenous inhabitants
note: variable temporary population of 4 to 20 staff and scientists of the the Nature Conservancy and the US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2014 est.)
Panama3,608,431 (July 2014 est.)
Papua New Guinea6,552,730 (July 2014 est.)
Paracel Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered Chinese garrisons
Paraguay6,703,860 (July 2014 est.)
Peru30,147,935 (July 2014 est.)
Philippines107,668,231 (July 2014 est.)
Pitcairn Islands48 (July 2014 est.)
Poland38,346,279 (July 2014 est.)
Portugal10,813,834 (July 2014 est.)
Puerto Rico3,620,897 (July 2014 est.)
Qatar2,123,160 (July 2014 est.)
Romania21,729,871 (July 2014 est.)
Russia142,470,272 (July 2014 est.)
Rwanda12,337,138
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Saint Barthelemy7,267 (July 2014 est.)
Saint Helena7,776
note: only Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited, not any of the other nearby islands/islets (July 2014 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis51,538 (July 2014 est.)
Saint Lucia163,362 (July 2014 est.)
Saint Martin31,530 (July 2014 est.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon5,716 (July 2014 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines102,918 (July 2014 est.)
Samoa196,628
note: prior estimates used official net migration data by sex, but a highly unusual pattern for 1993 lead to a significant imbalance in the sex ratios (more men and fewer women) and a seeming reduction in the female population; the revised total was calculated using a 1993 number that was an average of the 1992 and 1994 migration figures (July 2014 est.)
San Marino32,742 (July 2014 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe190,428 (July 2014 est.)
Saudi Arabia27,345,986
note: immigrants make up more than 30% of the total population, according to UN data (2013) (July 2014 est.)
Senegal13,635,927 (July 2014 est.)
Serbia7,209,764
note: does not include the population of Kosovo (July 2014 est.)
Seychelles91,650 (July 2014 est.)
Sierra Leone5,743,725 (July 2014 est.)
Singapore5,567,301 (July 2014 est.)
Sint Maarten39,689 (July 2013 est.)
Slovakia5,443,583 (July 2014 est.)
Slovenia1,988,292 (July 2014 est.)
Solomon Islands609,883 (July 2014 est.)
Somalia10,428,043
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2014 est.)
South Africa48,375,645
note: Statistics South Africa (the national statistical agency of South Africa) estimates the country's mid-year 2013 total population to be 52,981,991, which takes into account the findings of South Africa's 2011 census; estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: the small military garrison on South Georgia withdrew in March 2001 replaced by a permanent group of scientists of the British Antarctic Survey, which also has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited
South Sudan11,562,695 (July 2014 est.)
Spain47,737,941 (July 2014 est.)
Spratly Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered garrisons occupied by military personnel of several claimant states
Sri Lanka21,866,445 (July 2014 est.)
Sudan35,482,233 (July 2014 est.)
Suriname573,311 (July 2014 est.)
Svalbard1,872 (July 2014 est.)
Swaziland1,419,623
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Sweden9,723,809 (July 2014 est.)
Switzerland8,061,516 (July 2014 est.)
Syria17,951,639
note: approximately 18,900 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2012) (July 2014 est.)
Taiwan23,359,928 (July 2014 est.)
Tajikistan8,051,512 (July 2014 est.)
Tanzania49,639,138
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Thailand67,741,401
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Togo7,351,374
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Tokelau1,337 (July 2014 est.)
Tonga106,440 (July 2014 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago1,223,916 (July 2014 est.)
Tunisia10,937,521 (July 2014 est.)
Turkey81,619,392 (July 2014 est.)
Turkmenistan5,171,943 (July 2014 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands49,070 (July 2014 est.)
Tuvalu10,782 (July 2014 est.)
Uganda35,918,915
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Ukraine44,291,413 (July 2014 est.)
United Arab Emirates5,628,805
note: estimate is based on the results of the 2005 census that included a significantly higher estimate of net immigration of non-citizens than previous estimates; the United Arab Emirates' National Bureau of Statistics estimated the country's total population to have been 8,264,070 in 2010, based on census data; immigrants make up more than 80% of the total population, according to UN data (2013) (July 2014 est.)
United Kingdom63,742,977 (July 2014 est.)
United States318,892,103 (July 2014 est.)
Uruguay3,332,972 (July 2014 est.)
Uzbekistan28,929,716 (July 2014 est.)
Vanuatu266,937 (July 2014 est.)
Venezuela28,868,486 (July 2014 est.)
Vietnam93,421,835 (July 2014 est.)
Virgin Islands104,170 (July 2014 est.)
Wake Islandno indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 150 military personnel and civilian contractors maintain and operate the airfield and communications facilities (2009)
Wallis and Futuna15,561 (July 2014 est.)
West Bank2,731,052
note: approximately 341,400 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank (2012); approximately 196,400 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2011) (July 2014 est.)
Western Sahara554,795 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimate is based on projections by age, sex, fertility, mortality, and migration; fertility and mortality are based on data from neighboring countries (July 2014 est.)
World7,174,611,584 (July 2014 est.)
top ten most populous countries (in millions): China 1355.69; India 1,236.34; United States 318.89; Indonesia 253.61; Brazil 202.66; Pakistan 196.17; Nigeria 177.16; Bangladesh 166.28; Russia 142.47; Japan 127.10
Yemen26,052,966 (July 2014 est.)
Zambia14,638,505
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Zimbabwe13,771,721
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook