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Afghanistan33,332,025 (July 2016 est.)
Akrotiriapproximately 15,700 on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK-based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Albania3,038,594 (July 2016 est.)
Algeria40,263,711 (July 2016 est.)
American Samoa54,194 (July 2016 est.)
Andorra85,660 (July 2016 est.)
Angola20,172,332
note: results from Angola's 2014 national census estimate the country's population to be 25.8 million (July 2016 est.)
Anguilla16,752 (July 2016 est.)
Antarcticano indigenous inhabitants, but there are both permanent and summer-only staffed research stations
note: 53 countries have signed the 1959 Antarctic Treaty; 30 of those operate through their National Antarctic Program a number of seasonal-only (summer) and year-round research stations on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty); the population engaging in and supporting science or managing and protecting the Antarctic region varies from approximately 4,400 in summer to 1,100 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel, including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research, are present in the waters of the treaty region
peak summer (December-February) population - 4,490 total; Argentina 667, Australia 200, Australia and Romania jointly 13, Belgium 20, Brazil 40, Bulgaria 18, Chile 359, China 90, Czech Republic 20, Ecuador 26, Finland 20, France 125, France and Italy jointly 60, Germany 90, India 65, Italy 102, Japan 125, South Korea 70, NZ 85, Norway 44, Peru 28, Poland 40, Russia 429, South Africa 80, Spain 50, Sweden 20, Ukraine 24, UK 217, US 1,293, Uruguay 70 (2008-09)
winter (June-August) station population - 1,106 total; Argentina 176, Australia 62, Brazil 12, Chile 114, China 29, France 26, France and Italy jointly 13, Germany 9, India 25, Japan 40, South Korea 18, NZ 10, Norway 7, Poland 12, Russia 148, South Africa 10, Ukraine 12, UK 37, US 337, Uruguay 9 (2009); research stations operated within the Antarctic Treaty area (south of 60 degrees south latitude) by National Antarctic Programs
year-round stations - approximately 40 total; Argentina 6, Australia 3, Brazil 1, Chile 6, China 2, France 1, France and Italy jointly 1, Germany 1, India 1, Japan 1, South Korea 1, NZ 1, Norway 1, Poland 1, Russia 5, South Africa 1, Ukraine 1, UK 2, US 3, Uruguay 1 (2009)
a range of seasonal-only (summer) stations, camps, and refuges - Argentina, Australia, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, UK, US, and Uruguay (2008-09)
in addition, during the austral summer some nations have numerous occupied locations such as tent camps, summer-long temporary facilities, and mobile traverses in support of research (May 2009 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda93,581 (July 2016 est.)
Argentina43,886,748 (July 2016 est.)
Armenia3,051,250 (July 2016 est.)
Aruba113,648 (July 2016 est.)
Ashmore and Cartier Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island; access to East and Middle Islands is by permit only
Australia22,992,654 (July 2016 est.)
Austria8,711,770 (July 2016 est.)
Azerbaijan9,872,765 (July 2016 est.)
Bahamas, The327,316
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Bahrain1,378,904 (July 2016 est.)
note: immigrants make up approximately 50% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Bangladesh156,186,882 (July 2016 est.)
Barbados291,495 (July 2016 est.)
Belarus9,570,376 (July 2016 est.)
Belgium11,409,077 (July 2016 est.)
Belize353,858 (July 2016 est.)
Benin10,741,458
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Bermuda70,537 (July 2016 est.)
Bhutan750,125 (July 2016 est.)
Bolivia10,969,649 (July 2016 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina3,861,912 (July 2016 est.)
Botswana2,209,208
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Bouvet Islanduninhabited
Brazil205,823,665 (July 2016 est.)
British Indian Ocean Territoryno indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 1,200 former agricultural workers resident in the Chagos Archipelago, often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois, were relocated to Mauritius and the Seychelles in the 1960s and 1970s; approximately 3,000 UK and US military personnel and civilian contractors were living on the island of Diego Garcia
British Virgin Islands34,232 (July 2016 est.)
Brunei436,620 (July 2016 est.)
Bulgaria7,144,653 (July 2016 est.)
Burkina Faso19,512,533
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Burma56,890,418
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Burundi11,099,298
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Cambodia15,957,223
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Cameroon24,360,803
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Canada35,362,905 (July 2016 est.)
Cape Verde553,432 (July 2016 est.)
Cayman Islands57,268
note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman (July 2016 est.)
Central African Republic5,507,257
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Chad11,852,462 (July 2016 est.)
Chile17,650,114 (July 2016 est.)
China1,373,541,278 (July 2016 est.)
Christmas Island2,205 (July 2016 est.)
Clipperton Islanduninhabited
Cocos (Keeling) Islands596 (July 2014 est.)
Colombia47,220,856 (July 2016 est.)
Comoros794,678 (July 2016 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the81,331,050
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Congo, Republic of the4,852,412
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Cook Islands9,556 (July 2016 est.)
note: the Cook Islands' Ministry of Finance & Economic Management estimated the resident population to have been 12,000 in December 2015
Coral Sea Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a staff of three to four at the meteorological station on Willis Island (July 2007 est.)
Costa Rica4,872,543 (July 2016 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire23,740,424
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Croatia4,313,707 (July 2016 est.)
Cuba11,179,995 (July 2016 est.)
Curacao149,035 (July 2016 est.)
Cyprus1,205,575 (July 2016 est.)
Denmark5,593,785
note: Statistics Denmark estimates the country's total population to be 5,724,456 as of 2016 Q3 (July 2016 est.)
Dhekeliaapproximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 service and UK based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents
Djibouti846,687 (July 2016 est.)
Dominica73,757 (July 2016 est.)
Dominican Republic10,606,865 (July 2016 est.)
East Timor1,261,072 (July 2016 est.)
Ecuador16,080,778 (July 2016 est.)
Egypt94,666,993 (July 2016 est.)
El Salvador6,156,670 (July 2016 est.)
Equatorial Guinea759,451 (July 2016 est.)
Eritrea5,869,869 (July 2016 est.)
Estonia1,258,545 (July 2016 est.)
Ethiopia102,374,044
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
European Uniontotal: 515,052,778
rank by population:
1. Germany 80,722,792
2. France 66,836,154
3. United Kingdom 64,430,428
4. Italy 62,007,540
5. Spain 48,563,476
6. Poland 38,523,261
7. Romania 21,599,736
8. Netherlands 17,016,967
9. Belgium 11,409,077
10. Portugal 10,833,816
11. Greece 10,773,253
12. Czechia 10,644,842
13. Sweden 9,880,604
14. Hungary 9,874,784
15. Austria 8,711,770
16. Bulgaria 7,144,653
17. Denmark 5,593,785
18. Finland 5,498,211
19. Slovakia 5,445,802
20. Ireland 4,952,473
21. Croatia 4,313,707
22. Lithuania 2,854,235
23. Slovenia 1,978,029
24. Latvia 1,965,686
25. Estonia 1,258,545
26. Cyprus 1,205,575
27. Luxembourg 582,291
28. Malta 415,196 (July 2016 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)2,931 (2014 est.)
Faroe Islands50,456 (July 2016 est.)
Fiji915,303 (July 2016 est.)
Finland5,498,211 (July 2016 est.)
France66,836,154
note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233 (July 2016 est.)
French Polynesia285,321 (July 2016 est.)
French Southern and Antarctic Landsno indigenous inhabitants
Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): no permanent residents but has a meteorological station
Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): uninhabited but is frequently visited by fishermen and has a scientific research cabin for short stays
Iles Crozet: uninhabited except for 18 to 30 people staffing the Alfred Faure research station on Ile del la Possession
Iles Kerguelen: 50 to 100 scientists are located at the main base at Port-aux-Francais on Ile Kerguelen
Bassas da India (Iles Eparses): uninhabitable
Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island (Iles Eparses): a small French military garrison and a few meteorologists on each possession; visited by scientists
Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses): uninhabited, except for visits by scientists
Gabon1,738,541
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Gambia, The2,009,648 (July 2016 est.)
Gaza Strip1,753,327 (July 2016 est.)
Georgia4,928,052 (July 2016 est.)
Germany80,722,792 (July 2016 est.)
Ghana26,908,262
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Gibraltar29,328 (July 2016 est.)
Greece10,773,253 (July 2016 est.)
Greenland57,728 (July 2016 est.)
Grenada111,219 (July 2016 est.)
Guam162,742 (July 2016 est.)
Guatemala15,189,958 (July 2016 est.)
Guernsey66,297 (July 2016 est.)
Guinea12,093,349 (July 2016 est.)
Guinea-Bissau1,759,159 (July 2016 est.)
Guyana735,909
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Haiti10,485,800
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Heard Island and McDonald Islandsuninhabited
Holy See (Vatican City)1,000 (2015 est.)
Honduras8,893,259
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Hong Kong7,167,403 (July 2016 est.)
Howland Islanduninhabited
note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Hungary9,874,784 (July 2016 est.)
Iceland335,878 (July 2016 est.)
India1,266,883,598 (July 2016 est.)
Indonesia258,316,051 (July 2016 est.)
Iran82,801,633 (July 2016 est.)
Iraq38,146,025 (July 2016 est.)
Ireland4,952,473 (July 2016 est.)
Isle of Man88,195 (July 2016 est.)
Israel8,174,527 (includes populations of the Golan Heights of Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967) (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 21,000 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2015); approximately 201,000 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Italy62,007,540 (July 2016 est.)
Jamaica2,970,340 (July 2016 est.)
Jan Mayenno indigenous inhabitants
note: personnel operate the Long Range Navigation (Loran-C) base and the weather and coastal services radio station
Japan126,702,133 (July 2016 est.)
Jarvis Islanduninhabited
note: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Jersey98,069 (July 2016 est.)
Johnston Atolluninhabited
note: in previous years, there was an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel present; as of September 2001, population had decreased significantly when US Army Chemical Activity Pacific (USACAP) departed; as of May 2005 all US Government personnel had left the island
Jordan8,185,384
note: increased estimate reflects revised assumptions about the net migration rate due to the increased flow of Syrian refugees (July 2016 est.)
Kazakhstan18,360,353 (July 2016 est.)
Kenya46,790,758
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Kingman Reefuninhabited
Kiribati106,925 (July 2016 est.)
Korea, North25,115,311 (July 2016 est.)
Korea, South50,924,172 (July 2016 est.)
Kosovo1,883,018 (July 2016 est.)
Kuwait2,832,776 (July 2016 est.)
note: Kuwait's Public Authority for Civil Information estimates the country's total population to be 4,183,658 for 2015, with immigrants accounting more than 69%
Kyrgyzstan5,727,553 (July 2016 est.)
Laos7,019,073 (July 2016 est.)
Latvia1,965,686 (July 2016 est.)
Lebanon6,237,738 (July 2016 est.)
Lesotho1,953,070
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Liberia4,299,944 (July 2016 est.)
Libya6,541,948 (July 2015 est.)
note: immigrants make up just over 12% of the total population, according to UN data (2015) (July 2016 est.)
Liechtenstein37,937 (July 2016 est.)
Lithuania2,854,235 (July 2016 est.)
Luxembourg582,291 (July 2016 est.)
Macau597,425
note: Macau's statistical agency estimated the total population to be approximately 646,800 as of 31 December 2015 (July 2016 est.)
Macedonia2,100,025 (July 2016 est.)
Madagascar24,430,325 (July 2016 est.)
Malawi18,570,321
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Malaysia30,949,962 (July 2016 est.)
Maldives392,960 (July 2016 est.)
Mali17,467,108 (July 2016 est.)
Malta415,196 (July 2016 est.)
Marshall Islands73,376 (July 2016 est.)
Mauritania3,677,293 (July 2016 est.)
Mauritius1,348,242 (July 2016 est.)
Mexico123,166,749 (July 2016 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of104,719 (July 2016 est.)
Midway Islandsno indigenous inhabitants; approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll (July 2014 est.)
Moldova3,510,485 (July 2016 est.)
Monaco30,581 (July 2016 est.)
note: immigrants make up more than 55% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Mongolia3,031,330 (July 2016 est.)
Montenegro644,578 (July 2016 est.)
Montserrat5,267
note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned (July 2016 est.)
Morocco33,655,786 (July 2016 est.)
Mozambique25,930,150
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Namibia2,436,469
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Nauru9,591 (July 2016 est.)
Navassa Islanduninhabited
note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island
Nepal29,033,914 (July 2016 est.)
Netherlands17,016,967 (July 2016 est.)
New Caledonia275,355 (July 2016 est.)
New Zealand4,474,549 (July 2016 est.)
Nicaragua5,966,798 (July 2016 est.)
Niger18,638,600 (July 2016 est.)
Nigeria186,053,386
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Niue1,190 (July 2014 est.)
Norfolk Island2,210 (July 2014 est.)
Northern Mariana Islands53,467 (July 2016 est.)
Norway5,265,158 (July 2016 est.)
Oman3,355,262 (July 2016 est.)
note: immigrants make up over 40% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Pakistan201,995,540 (July 2016 est.)
Palau21,347 (July 2016 est.)
Palmyra Atollno indigenous inhabitants
note: variable temporary population of 4 to 20 staff and scientists of the Nature Conservancy and the US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2014 est.)
Panama3,705,246 (July 2016 est.)
Papua New Guinea6,791,317 (July 2016 est.)
Paracel Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: Chinese activity has increased in recent years, particularly on Woody Island, where the population exceeds 1,000; there are scattered Chinese garrisons on some other islands
Paraguay6,862,812 (July 2016 est.)
Peru30,741,062 (July 2016 est.)
Philippines102,624,209 (July 2016 est.)
Pitcairn Islands54 (July 2016 est.)
Poland38,523,261 (July 2016 est.)
Portugal10,833,816 (July 2016 est.)
Puerto Rico3,578,056 (July 2016 est.)
Qatar2,258,283 (July 2016 est.)
Romania21,599,736 (July 2016 est.)
Russia142,355,415 (July 2016 est.)
Rwanda12,988,423
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Saint Barthelemy7,209 (July 2016 est.)
Saint Helena7,795
note: Saint Helena's statistical agency estimated the enumerated national population (including Ascension Island and Tristan da Cuhna) to be 5,901 in 2016, according to the 2016 census; only Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited, none of the other nearby islands/islets (July 2016 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis52,329 (July 2016 est.)
Saint Lucia164,464 (July 2016 est.)
Saint Martin31,949 (July 2016 est.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon5,595 (July 2016 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines102,350 (July 2016 est.)
Samoa198,926
note: prior estimates used official net migration data by sex, but a highly unusual pattern for 1993 lead to a significant imbalance in the sex ratios (more men and fewer women) and a seeming reduction in the female population; the revised total was calculated using a 1993 number that was an average of the 1992 and 1994 migration figures (July 2016 est.)
San Marino33,285 (July 2016 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe197,541 (July 2016 est.)
Saudi Arabia28,160,273 (July 2016 est.)
note: immigrants make up more than 30% of the total population, according to UN data (2015)
Senegal14,320,055 (July 2016 est.)
Serbia7,143,921
note: does not include the population of Kosovo (July 2016 est.)
Seychelles93,186 (July 2016 est.)
Sierra Leone6,018,888 (July 2016 est.)
Singapore5,781,728 (July 2016 est.)
Sint Maarten41,486 (July 2016 est.)
Slovakia5,445,802 (July 2016 est.)
Slovenia1,978,029 (July 2016 est.)
Solomon Islands635,027 (July 2016 est.)
Somalia10,817,354
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2016 est.)
South Africa54,300,704
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: the small military garrison on South Georgia withdrew in March 2001, replaced by a permanent group of scientists of the British Antarctic Survey, which also has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited
South Sudan12,530,717 (July 2016 est.)
Spain48,563,476 (July 2016 est.)
Spratly Islandsno indigenous inhabitants
note: there are scattered garrisons occupied by military personnel of several claimant states
Sri Lanka22.235 million (July 2016 est.)
Sudan36,729,501 (July 2016 est.)
Suriname585,824 (July 2016 est.)
Svalbard2,667 (July 2016 est.)
Swaziland1,451,428
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Sweden9,880,604 (July 2016 est.)
Switzerland8,179,294 (July 2016 est.)
Syria17,185,170 (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 20,500 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2014)
Taiwan23,464,787 (July 2016 est.)
Tajikistan8,330,946 (July 2016 est.)
Tanzania52,482,726
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Thailand68,200,824
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Togo7,756,937
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Tokelau1,285 (2016 est.)
Tonga106,513 (July 2016 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago1,220,479 (July 2016 est.)
Tunisia11,134,588 (July 2016 est.)
Turkey80,274,604 (July 2016 est.)
Turkmenistan5,291,317 (July 2016 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands51,430 (July 2016 est.)
Tuvalu10,959 (July 2016 est.)
Uganda38,319,241
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Ukraine44,209,733 (July 2016 est.)
United Arab Emirates5,927,482 (July 2016 est.)
note: the UN estimated the country's total population was 9,267,000 as of mid-year 2016; immigrants make up about 88% of the total population, according to 2015 UN data (2016)
United Kingdom64,430,428 (July 2016 est.)
United States323,995,528 (July 2016 est.)
Uruguay3,351,016 (July 2016 est.)
Uzbekistan29,473,614 (July 2016 est.)
Vanuatu277,554 (July 2016 est.)
Venezuela30,912,302 (July 2016 est.)
Vietnam95,261,021 (July 2016 est.)
Virgin Islands102,951 (July 2016 est.)
Wake Islandno indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 150 military personnel and civilian contractors maintain and operate the airfield and communications facilities (2009)
Wallis and Futuna15,664 (July 2016 est.)
West Bank2,697,687 (represents Palestinian population only) (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 385,900 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank; approximately 201,200 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Western Sahara587,020
note: estimate is based on projections by age, sex, fertility, mortality, and migration; fertility and mortality are based on data from neighboring countries (July 2016 est.)
World7,323,187,457 (July 2016 est.)
top ten most populous countries (in millions): China 1373.54; India 1266.88; United States 324.00; Indonesia 258.32; Brazil 205.82; Pakistan 202.00; Nigeria 186.05; Bangladesh 156.19; Russia 142.36; Japan 126.70
ten least populous countries: Holy See (Vatican City) 1,000; Nauru 9,591; Tuvalu 10,959; Palau 21,347; Monaco 30,581; San Marino 33,285; Liechtenstein 37,937; Saint Kitts and Nevis 52,329; Marshall Islands 73,376; Dominica 73,757
ten most densely populated countries (population per sq km): Monaco 15,291; Singapore 8,416; Holy See (Vatican City) 2,273; Bahrain 1,814; Maldives 1,319; Malta 1,314; Bangladesh 1,200; Barbados 678; Mauritius 664; Lebanon 610
ten least densely populated countries (population per sq km): Mongolia 1.95; Namibia 2.96; Australia 2.99; Iceland 3.35; Mauritania 3.57; Libya 3.72; Guyana 3.74; Suriname 3.76; Canada 3.89; Botswana 3.90
Yemen27,392,779 (July 2016 est.)
Zambia15,510,711
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Zimbabwe14,546,961
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook