Russia vs. Ukraine


Military branchesGround Forces (Sukhoputnyye Voyskia, SV), Navy (Voyenno-Morskoy Flot, VMF), Air Forces (Voyenno-Vozdushniye Sily, VVS); Airborne Troops (Vozdushno-Desantnyye Voyska, VDV), Strategic Rocket Forces (Raketnyye Voyska Strategicheskogo Naznacheniya, RVSN), and Aerospace Defense Troops (Voyska Vozdushno-Kosmicheskoy Oborony or Voyska VKO) are independent "combat arms," not subordinate to any of the three branches; Russian Ground Forces include the following combat arms: motorized-rifle troops, tank troops, missile and artillery troops, air defense of the ground troops (2012)Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Air Forces (2013)
Military service age and obligation18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; service obligation is 1 year (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months of training); reserve obligation to age 50; enrollment in military schools from the age of 16, cadets classified as members of the armed forces
note: the chief of the General Staff Mobilization Directorate announced in March 2009 that for health reasons, only 65% of draftees in 2008 were fit for military service, and over half of these had health-induced restrictions on deployment; the deputy chief of the Russian Army General Staff confirmed in May 2011 that over 30% of potential conscripts were turned down on health grounds; 61% of draft-age Russian males receive some type of deferment each draft cycle (2012)
18-25 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation is 12 months for Army and Air Force, 18 months for Navy (2012)
Manpower available for military servicemales age 16-49: 34,132,156
females age 16-49: 34,985,115 (2010 est.)
males age 16-49: 10,984,394
females age 16-49: 11.26 million (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military servicemales age 16-49: 20,431,035
females age 16-49: 26,381,518 (2010 est.)
males age 16-49: 6,893,551
females age 16-49: 8,792,504 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annuallymale: 693,843
female: 660,359 (2010 est.)
male: 246,397
female: 234,916 (2010 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP3.9% of GDP (2005)1.6% of GDP (2012)

Source: CIA Factbook