Russia vs. Ukraine


Military branchesGround Troops (Sukhoputnyye Voyskia, SV), Navy (Voyenno-Morskoy Flot, VMF), Air Forces (Voyenno-Vozdushniye Sily, VVS); Airborne Troops (Vozdushno-Desantnyye Voyska, VDV), Missile Troops of Strategic Purpose (Raketnyye Voyska Strategicheskogo Naznacheniya, RVSN) referred to commonly as Strategic Rocket Forces, and Aerospace Defense Troops (Voyska Vozdushno-Kosmicheskoy Oborony or Voyska VKO) are independent "combat arms," not subordinate to any of the three branches; Russian Ground Troops include the following combat arms: motorized-rifle troops, tank troops, missile and artillery troops, air defense of the Ground Troops (2014)Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Air Forces (2013)
Military service age and obligation18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; service obligation is 1 year (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months of training); reserve obligation for non-officers to age 50; enrollment in military schools from the age of 16, cadets classified as members of the armed forces
note: the chief of the General Staff Mobilization Directorate announced in May 2013 that for health reasons, only 65% of draftees called up during the spring 2013 draft campaign were fit for military service, and over 12% of these were sent for an additional medical examination (by way of comparison, 69.9% in 2012 and 57.7% in 2011 were deemed fit for military service); approximately 50% of draft-age Russian males receive some type of legal deferment each draft cycle (2014)
18-25 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation is 12 months for Army and Air Force, 18 months for Navy (2012)
Manpower available for military servicemales age 16-49: 34,765,736
females age 16-49: 35,410,779 (2013 est.)
males age 16-49: 10,984,394
females age 16-49: 11.26 million (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military servicemales age 16-49: 22,597,728
females age 16-49: 23,017,006 (2013 est.)
males age 16-49: 6,893,551
females age 16-49: 8,792,504 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annuallymale: 696,768
female: 664,847 (2013 est.)
male: 246,397
female: 234,916 (2010 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP4.47% of GDP (2012)
4.13% of GDP (2011)
4.47% of GDP (2010)
2.77% of GDP (2012)
2.4% of GDP (2011)
2.77% of GDP (2010)

Source: CIA Factbook