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Jordan vs. West Bank

Introduction

JordanWest Bank
BackgroundFollowing World War I and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the League of Nations awarded Britain the mandate to govern much of the Middle East. Britain demarcated a semi-autonomous region of Transjordan from Palestine in the early 1920s. The area gained its independence in 1946 and thereafter became The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The country's long-time ruler, King HUSSEIN (1953-99), successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US, USSR, and UK), various Arab states, Israel, and a large internal Palestinian population. Jordan lost the West Bank to Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War. King HUSSEIN in 1988 permanently relinquished Jordanian claims to the West Bank; in 1994 he signed a peace treaty with Israel. King ABDALLAH II, King HUSSEIN's eldest son, assumed the throne following his father's death in 1999. He has implemented modest political and economic reforms, including the passage of a new electoral law in early 2016 ahead of legislative elections held in September. The Islamic Action Front, which is the political arm of the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood, returned to parliament with 15 seats after boycotting the previous two elections in 2010 and 2013.
"From the early 16th century through 1917, the area now known as the West Bank fell under Ottoman rule. Following World War I, the Allied powers (France, UK, Russia) allocated the area to the British Mandate of Palestine. After World War II, the UN passed a resolution to establish two states within the Mandate, and designated a territory including what is now known as the West Bank as part of the proposed Arab state. During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the area was captured by Transjordan (later renamed Jordan). Jordan annexed the West Bank in 1950. In June 1967, Israel captured the West Bank and East Jerusalem during the 1967 Six-Day War. With the exception of East Jerusalem, roughly 60% of the West Bank remains under Israeli military control. Israel transferred security and civilian responsibility for a number of Palestinian-populated areas of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the Palestinian Authority (PA) under a series of agreements signed between 1993 and 1999, the so-called “Oslo Accords.” Negotiations to determine the permanent status of the West Bank and Gaza Strip stalled after the outbreak of an intifada in mid-2000. In early 2003, the ""Quartet"" of the US, EU, UN, and Russia, presented a roadmap to a final peace settlement by 2005, calling for two states - Israel and a democratic Palestine.
Following Palestinian leader Yassir ARAFAT's death in late 2004 and the subsequent election of Mahmud ABBAS (head of the Fatah political faction) as PA president, Israel and the Palestinians agreed to move the peace process forward. Israel in late 2005 unilaterally withdrew all of its settlers and soldiers, dismantled its military facilities in the Gaza Strip, and redeployed its military from several West Bank settlements, but it continues to control maritime, airspace, and other access. In early 2006, the Islamic Resistance Movement, HAMAS, won the Palestinian Legislative Council election and took control of the PA government. Attempts to form a unity government failed, and violent clashes between Fatah and HAMAS supporters ensued, culminating in HAMAS's violent seizure of all military and governmental institutions in the Gaza Strip. Fatah and HAMAS have made several attempts at reconciliation, but the factions have been unable to implement details on governance and security. In an attempt to reenergize peace talks between the Israelis and Palestinians, France in June 2016 hosted a ministerial meeting that included participants from 29 countries, although not Israel or the Palestinians, to lay the groundwork for an envisioned ""multilateral peace conference"" later in the year.
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Geography

JordanWest Bank
LocationMiddle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, between Israel (to the west) and Iraq
Middle East, west of Jordan, east of Israel
Geographic coordinates31 00 N, 36 00 E
32 00 N, 35 15 E
Map referencesMiddle East
Middle East
Areatotal: 89,342 sq km
land: 88,802 sq km
water: 540 sq km
total: 5,860 sq km
land: 5,640 sq km
water: 220 sq km
note: includes West Bank, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Israel in 1967
Area - comparativeabout three-quarters the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Indiana
slightly smaller than Delaware
Land boundariestotal: 1,744 km
border countries (5): Iraq 179 km, Israel 307 km, Saudi Arabia 731 km, Syria 379 km, West Bank 148 km
total: 478 km
border countries (2): Israel 330 km, Jordan 148 km
Coastline26 km
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 3 nm
none (landlocked)
Climatemostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)
temperate; temperature and precipitation vary with altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters
Terrainmostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates eastern and western banks of the Jordan River
mostly rugged, dissected upland in west, flat plains descending to Jordan River Valley to the east
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 812 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
highest point: Jabal Umm ad Dami 1,854 m
mean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
highest point: Nabi Yunis 1,020 m
Natural resourcesphosphates, potash, shale oil
arable land
Land useagricultural land: 11.4%
arable land 2%; permanent crops 1%; permanent pasture 8.4%
forest: 1.1%
other: 87.5% (2011 est.)
agricultural land: 43.3%
arable land 7.4%; permanent crops 11%; permanent pasture 24.9%
forest: 1.5%
other: 55.2%
note: includes Gaza Strip (2011 est.)
Irrigated land964 sq km (2012)
240 sq km; note - includes Gaza Strip (2012)
Natural hazardsdroughts; periodic earthquakes
droughts
Environment - current issueslimited natural freshwater resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
adequacy of freshwater supply; sewage treatment
Geography - notestrategic location at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba and as the Arab country that shares the longest border with Israel and the occupied West Bank
landlocked; highlands are main recharge area for Israel's coastal aquifers; there are about 381 Israeli civilian sites, including about 212 settlements and 134 small outpost communities in the West Bank and 35 sites in East Jerusalem (2014 est.)
Population distributionpopulation heavily concentrated in the west, and particularly the northwest, in and around the capital of Amman; a sizeable, but smaller population is located in the southwest along the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba
Palestinian settlements are primarily located in the central to western half of the territory; Jewish colonies are found in pockets throughout, particularly in the northeast, north-central, and around Jerusalem

Demographics

JordanWest Bank
Population8,185,384
note: increased estimate reflects revised assumptions about the net migration rate due to the increased flow of Syrian refugees (July 2016 est.)
2,697,687 (represents Palestinian population only) (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 385,900 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank; approximately 201,200 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Age structure0-14 years: 35.04% (male 1,470,865/female 1,397,057)
15-24 years: 20.12% (male 842,202/female 804,557)
25-54 years: 36.44% (male 1,491,855/female 1,491,302)
55-64 years: 4.46% (male 177,720/female 187,181)
65 years and over: 3.94% (male 151,071/female 171,574) (2016 est.)
0-14 years: 36.91% (male 511,026/female 484,808)
15-24 years: 21.56% (male 297,058/female 284,677)
25-54 years: 33.71% (male 462,201/female 447,200)
55-64 years: 4.35% (male 60,360/female 56,936)
65 years and over: 3.46% (male 41,587/female 51,834) (2016 est.)
Median agetotal: 22.3 years
male: 21.9 years
female: 22.7 years (2016 est.)
total: 20.8 years
male: 20.7 years
female: 21 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.83% (2016 est.)
1.86% (2016 est.)
Birth rate25.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
26.7 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
3.5 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-13.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
-4.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 14.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 15.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
total: 14.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.6 years
male: 73.2 years
female: 76.1 years (2016 est.)
total population: 75 years
male: 73 years
female: 77.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate3.18 children born/woman (2016 est.)
3.33 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
NA
Nationalitynoun: Jordanian(s)
adjective: Jordanian
noun: NA
adjective: NA
Ethnic groupsArab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
Palestinian Arab, Jewish, other
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
NA
ReligionsMuslim 97.2% (official; predominantly Sunni), Christian 2.2% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), Buddhist 0.4%, Hindu 0.1%, Jewish <0.1, folk religionist <0.1, unaffiliated <0.1, other <0.1 (2010 est.)
Muslim 80-85% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 12-14%, Christian 1-2.5% (mainly Greek Orthodox), other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
NA
LanguagesArabic (official), English (widely understood among upper and middle classes)
Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.4%
male: 97.7%
female: 92.9% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.5%
male: 98.4%
female: 94.5%
notes: estimates are for Gaza and West Bank (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2012)
total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years
note: data represent Gaza and the West Bank (2015)
Education expendituresNA
1.3% of GDP
note: includes Gaza Strip (2015)
Urbanizationurban population: 83.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.79% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
urban population: 75.3% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.81% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
note: data represent Gaza Strip and West Bank
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97.8% of population
rural: 92.3% of population
total: 96.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.2% of population
rural: 7.7% of population
total: 3.1% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 50.7% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 58.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 49.3% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 41.6% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98.6% of population
rural: 98.9% of population
total: 98.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.4% of population
rural: 1.1% of population
total: 1.4% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 93% of population
rural: 90.2% of population
total: 92.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7% of population
rural: 9.8% of population
total: 7.7% of population
note: includes Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)
Maternal mortality rate58 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
45 deaths/100,000 live births
note: data represent Gaza Strip and West Bank (2015 est.)
Physicians density2.65 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
1.3 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density1.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
1.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Contraceptive prevalence rate61.2% (2012)
57.2% (includes Gaza Strip and West Bank) (2014)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 64.8
youth dependency ratio: 58.5
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2
potential support ratio: 16 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 76
youth dependency ratio: 70.8
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2
potential support ratio: 19.2
note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank (2015 est.)

Government

JordanWest Bank
Country nameconventional long form: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
conventional short form: Jordan
local long form: Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah
local short form: Al Urdun
former: Transjordan
etymology: named for the Jordan River, which makes up part of Jordan's northwest border
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: West Bank
etymology: name refers to the location of the region - occupied and administered by Jordan after 1948 - that fell on the far side (west bank) of the Jordan River in relation to Jordan proper; the designation was retained following the 1967 Six-Day War and the subsequent changes in government

Economy

JordanWest Bank
Economy - overviewJordan's economy is among the smallest in the Middle East, with insufficient supplies of water, oil, and other natural resources, underlying the government's heavy reliance on foreign assistance. Other economic challenges for the government include chronic high rates of poverty, unemployment and underemployment, budget and current account deficits, and government debt.

King ABDALLAH, during the first decade of the 2000s, implemented significant economic reforms, such as expanding foreign trade and privatizing state-owned companies that attracted foreign investment and contributed to average annual economic growth of 8% for 2004 through 2008. The global economic slowdown and regional turmoil contributed to slower growth from 2010 to 2016 - with growth averaging 2.8% per year - and hurt export-oriented sectors, construction, and tourism. Since the onset of the civil war in Syria and resulting refugee crisis, one of Jordan’s most pressing socioeconomic challenges has been managing the influx of 650,000 UN-registered refugees, more than 80% of whom live in Jordan’s urban areas. Jordan’s own official census estimated the refugee number at 1.3 million as of early 2016.

Jordan is nearly completely dependent on imported energy—mostly natural gas—and energy consistently makes up 25-30 percent of Jordan’s imports. To diversify its energy mix, Jordan has secured several contracts for liquefied natural gas and is currently exploring nuclear power generation, exploitation of abundant oil shale reserves and renewable technologies, as well as the import of Israeli offshore gas. In August 2016, Jordan and the IMF agreed to a $723 million Extended Fund Facility that aims to build on the three-year, $2.1 billion IMF program that ended in August 2015 with the goal of helping Jordan correct budgetary and balance of payments imbalances.
Israeli-Palestinian violence in 2015 exacerbated challenges to economic growth in the West Bank - the larger of the two areas comprising the Palestinian Territories. Increased security restrictions and political instability slowed economic activity, and Israel’s four-month withholding of taxes and other fees it collects on the Palestinian Authority’s (PA) behalf caused the PA to delay salary payments to its employees, which in turn had broader effects on business activity and consumer demand.

Longstanding Israeli closure policies continue to disrupt labor and trade flows and the territory’s industrial capacity, limit imports and exports, and constrain private sector development. The PA for the foreseeable future will continue to rely heavily on donor aid for its budgetary needs and economic activity.
GDP (purchasing power parity)$86.19 billion (2016 est.)
$83.89 billion (2015 est.)
$81.93 billion (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
$21.22 billion (2014 est.)
$20.15 billion (2013 est.)
$19.95 billion (2012 est.)
note: data are in 2014 US dollars; includes Gaza Strip
GDP - real growth rate2.8% (2016 est.)
2.4% (2015 est.)
3.1% (2014 est.)
5.3% (2014 est.)
1% (2015 est.)
6% (2012 est.)
note: excludes Gaza Strip
GDP - per capita (PPP)$11,100 (2016 est.)
$11,000 (2015 est.)
$11,000 (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
$4,300 (2014 est.)
$4,400 (2013 est.)
$4,600 (2012 est.)
note: includes Gaza Strip
GDP - composition by sectoragriculture: 4.2%
industry: 29.6%
services: 66.2% (2016 est.)
agriculture: 3.5%
industry: 25.2%
services: 71.4%
note: excludes Gaza Strip (2014 est.)
Population below poverty line14.2% (2002 est.)
18% (2011 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage sharelowest 10%: 3.4%
highest 10%: 28.7% (2010 est.)
lowest 10%: 3.2%
highest 10%: 28.2%
note: includes Gaza Strip (2009 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices)-0.8% (2016 est.)
-0.9% (2015 est.)
1.2% (2014 est.)
3.1% (2013 est.)
note: excludes Gaza Strip
Labor force2.205 million (2016 est.)
828,000
note: excludes Gaza Strip (2015 est.)
Labor force - by occupationagriculture: 2%
industry: 20%
services: 78% (2013 est.)
agriculture: 11.5%
industry: 34.4%
services: 54.1%
note: excludes Gaza Strip (2013 est.)
Unemployment rate15.8% (2016 est.)
13.1% (2015 est.)
note: official rate; unofficial rate is approximately 30%
17.7% (2014 est.)
18.6% (2013 est.)
note: excludes Gaza Strip
Distribution of family income - Gini index39.7 (2007)
36.4 (1997)
34.5 (2009 est.)
38.7 (2007 est.)
note: includes Gaza Strip
Budgetrevenues: $8.649 billion
expenditures: $11.22 billion (2016 est.)
revenues: $2.75 billion
expenditures: $4.077 billion
note: includes Palestinian Authority expenditures in the Gaza Strip (2014 est.)
Industriestourism, information technology, clothing, fertilizers, potash, phosphate mining, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, inorganic chemicals, light manufacturing
small-scale manufacturing, quarrying, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs
Industrial production growth rate1.8% (2016 est.)
-1.7%
note: includes Gaza Strip (2015 est.)
Agriculture - productscitrus, tomatoes, cucumbers, olives, strawberries, stone fruits; sheep, poultry, dairy
olives, citrus fruit, vegetables; beef, dairy products
Exports$7.124 billion (2016 est.)
$7.829 billion (2015 est.)
$937.4 million (2014 est.)
$1.692 billion (2013 est.)
note: excludes Gaza Strip
Exports - commoditiestextiles, fertilizers, potash, phosphates, vegetables, pharmaceuticals
stone, olives, fruit, vegetables, limestone
Imports$17.86 billion (2016 est.)
$18.04 billion (2015 est.)
$5.683 billion (2014 est.)
$6.261 billion (2013 est.)
note: data include the Gaza Strip
Imports - commoditiescrude oil, refined petroleum products, machinery, transport equipment, iron, cereals
food, consumer goods, construction materials, petroleum, chemicals
Debt - external$13.32 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$13.24 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$1.662 billion (31 March 2016 est.)
$1.467 billion (31 March 2015 est.)
note: data include the Gaza Strip
Exchange ratesJordanian dinars (JOD) per US dollar -
0.71 (2016 est.)
0.71 (2015 est.)
0.71 (2014 est.)
0.71 (2013 est.)
0.709 (2012 est.)
new Israeli shekels (ILS) per US dollar -
3.871 (2015 est.)
3.89 (2014 est.)
3.578 (2014 est.)
3.578 (2013 est.)
3.86 (2012 est.)
Fiscal yearcalendar year
calendar year
Public debt90.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
85.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: data cover central government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
24.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
23.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
Current Account Balance-$3.65 billion (2016 est.)
-$3.418 billion (2015 est.)
-$2.149 billion (2014 est.)
-$2.383 billion (2013 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate)$39.45 billion (2016 est.)
$9.828 billion (2014 est.)
note: excludes Gaza Strip
Market value of publicly traded shares$24.25 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$25.45 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$25.55 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
$3.339 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$3.187 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
$3.247 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
Commercial bank prime lending rate8% (31 December 2016 est.)
8.24% (31 December 2015 est.)
7% (31 December 2016 est.)
6.8% (31 December 2015 est.)
Stock of domestic credit$41.95 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$39.57 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$1.551 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.418 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Stock of narrow money$14.68 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$13.92 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$317.7 million (31 December 2016 est.)
$265.5 million (31 December 2015 est.)
Stock of broad money$46.78 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$44.52 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
$2.424 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$2.273 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
Taxes and other revenues21.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
28% of GDP (2014 est.)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-6.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
-13.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 29.3%
male: 25.2%
female: 48.8% (2012 est.)
total: 41%
male: 37%
female: 64.7%
note: includes Gaza Strip (2013 est.)
GDP - composition, by end usehousehold consumption: 81.1%
government consumption: 19.8%
investment in fixed capital: 22.6%
investment in inventories: 3.1%
exports of goods and services: 32.7%
imports of goods and services: -59.3% (2016 est.)
household consumption: 85.7%
government consumption: 21.9%
investment in fixed capital: 26%
investment in inventories: 2.3%
exports of goods and services: 24.5%
imports of goods and services: -60.4%
note: excludes Gaza Strip (2014 est.)
Gross national saving10.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
10.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
14.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
7.8% of GDP (2014 est.)
9.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
5% of GDP (2012 est.)
note: includes Gaza Strip

Energy

JordanWest Bank
Electricity - production17 billion kWh (2014 est.)
300 million kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - consumption16 billion kWh (2014 est.)
5.2 billion kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - exports64 million kWh (2014 est.)
0 kWh (2013)
Electricity - imports400 million kWh (2014 est.)
4.9 billion kWh (2014 est.)
Oil - production22 bbl/day (2015 est.)
0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Oil - imports62,220 bbl/day (2013 est.)
0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Oil - exports0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Oil - proved reserves1 million bbl (1 January 2016 est.)
0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves6.031 billion cu m (1 January 2016 es)
0 cu m (1 January 2014 es)
Natural gas - production199 million cu m (2014 est.)
0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - consumption499 million cu m (2014 est.)
0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - exports0 cu m (2013 est.)
0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - imports300 million cu m (2014 est.)
0 cu m (2013 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity4.2 million kW (2014 est.)
100,000 kW
note: includes Gaza Strip (2014 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels99.6% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
100% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants0.3% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels0% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources0.1% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Refined petroleum products - production67,760 bbl/day (2013 est.)
0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption146,000 bbl/day (2014 est.)
16,000 bbl/day (2014 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports70,890 bbl/day (2013 est.)
18,690 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy19 million Mt (2013 est.)
3 million Mt (2013 est.)
Electricity accesspopulation without electricity: 40,926
electrification - total population: 99.5%
electrification - urban areas: 99%
electrification - rural areas: 99.4% (2012)
population without electricity: 80,930
electrification - total population: 98%
electrification - urban areas: 99%
electrification - rural areas: 93%
note: data for West Bank and Gaza Strip combined (2012)

Telecommunications

JordanWest Bank
Telephones - main lines in usetotal subscriptions: 368,938
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 5 (July 2015 est.)
total subscriptions: 406,500 (includes Gaza Strip)
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 9 (July 2015 est.)
Telephones - mobile cellulartotal: 13.798 million
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 170 (July 2015 est.)
total: 3.531 million (includes Gaza Strip)
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 76 (includes Gaza Strip) (July 2015 est.)
Telephone systemgeneral assessment: service has improved recently with increased use of digital switching equipment; microwave radio relay transmission and coaxial and fiber-optic cable are employed on trunk lines; growing mobile-cellular usage in both urban and rural areas is reducing use of fixed-line services
domestic: 1995 telecommunications law opened all non-fixed-line services to private competition; in 2005, monopoly over fixed-line services terminated and the entire telecommunications sector was opened to competition; currently multiple mobile-cellular providers with subscribership up to 170 per 100 persons
international: country code - 962; landing point for the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) FEA and FLAG Falcon submarine cable networks; satellite earth stations - 33 (3 Intelsat, 1 Arabsat, and 29 land and maritime Inmarsat terminals); fiber-optic cable to Saudi Arabia and microwave radio relay link with Egypt and Syria; participant in Medarabtel (2015)
general assessment: continuing political and economic instability has impeded significant liberalization of the telecommunications industry
domestic: Israeli company BEZEK and the Palestinian company PALTEL are responsible for fixed-line services; PALTEL plans to establish a fiber-optic connection to Jordan to route domestic mobile calls; the Palestinian JAWWAL company and WATANIYA PALESTINE provide cellular services
international: country code - 970; 1 international switch in Ramallah (2010)
Internet country code.jo
.ps; note - same as Gaza Strip
Internet userstotal: 4.335 million
percent of population: 53.4% (July 2015 est.)
total: 2.673 million (includes Gaza Strip)
percent of population: 57.4% (includes Gaza Strip) (July 2015 est.)
Broadcast mediaradio and TV dominated by the government-owned Jordan Radio and Television Corporation (JRTV) that operates a main network, a sports network, a film network, and a satellite channel; first independent TV broadcaster aired in 2007; international satellite TV and Israeli and Syrian TV broadcasts are available; roughly 30 radio stations with JRTV operating the main government-owned station; transmissions of multiple international radio broadcasters are available (2007)
the Palestinian Authority operates 1 TV and 1 radio station; about 20 private TV and 40 radio stations; both Jordanian TV and satellite TV are accessible (2013)

Transportation

JordanWest Bank
Roadwaystotal: 7,203 km
paved: 7,203 km (2011)
total: 4,686 km
paved: 4,686 km
note: includes Gaza Strip (2010)
Airports18 (2013)
2 (2013)
Airports - with paved runwaystotal: 16
over 3,047 m: 8
2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)
total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2013)
Heliports1 (2012)
1 (2013)

Transnational Issues

JordanWest Bank
Disputes - international2004 Agreement settles border dispute with Syria pending demarcation
"the current status of the West Bank is subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; Israel continues construction of a ""seam line"" separation barrier along parts of the Green Line and within the West Bank; Israel withdrew from Gaza and four settlements in the northern West Bank in August 2005; since 1948, about 350 peacekeepers from the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO), headquartered in Jerusalem, monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, prevent isolated incidents from escalating, and assist other UN personnel in the region
"
Refugees and internally displaced personsrefugees (country of origin): 2,144,233 (Palestinian refugees) (2016); 661,114 (Syria); 62,658 (Iraq) (2017)
refugees (country of origin): 792,081 (Palestinian refugees) (2016)
IDPs: 193,000 (includes persons displaced within the Gaza strip due to the intensification of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since June 2014 and other Palestinian IDPs in the Gaza Strip and West Bank who fled as long ago as 1967, although confirmed cumulative data do not go back beyond 2006) (2016)

Source: CIA Factbook