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India vs. Sri Lanka

Transportation

IndiaSri Lanka
Railwaystotal: 68,525 km
broad gauge: 58,404 km 1.676-m gauge (23,654 electrified)
narrow gauge: 9,499 km 1.000-m gauge; 622 km 0.762-m gauge (2014)
total: 1,447 km
broad gauge: 1,447 km 1.676-m gauge (2014)
Roadwaystotal: 4,699,024 km
note: includes 96,214 km of national highways and expressways, 147,800 km of state highways, and 4,455,010 km of other roads (2015)
total: 114,093 km
paved: 16,977 km
unpaved: 97,116 km (2010)
Waterways14,500 km (5,200 km on major rivers and 485 km on canals suitable for mechanized vessels) (2012)
160 km (primarily on rivers in southwest) (2012)
Ports and terminalsmajor seaport(s): Chennai, Jawaharal Nehru Port, Kandla, Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay), Sikka, Vishakhapatnam
container port(s) (TEUs): Chennai (1,558,343), Jawaharal Nehru Port (4,307,622)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Dabhol, Dahej, Hazira
major seaport(s): Colombo
container port(s) (TEUs): Colombo (3,651,963)
Merchant marinetotal: 340
by type: bulk carrier 104, cargo 78, chemical tanker 22, container 14, liquefied gas 11, passenger 4, passenger/cargo 15, petroleum tanker 92
foreign-owned: 10 (China 1, Hong Kong 2, Jersey 2, Malaysia 1, UAE 4)
registered in other countries: 76 (Cyprus 4, Dominica 2, Liberia 8, Malta 3, Marshall Islands 10, Nigeria 1, Panama 24, Saint Kitts and Nevis 2, Singapore 21, unknown 1) (2010)
total: 21
by type: bulk carrier 4, cargo 13, chemical tanker 1, container 1, petroleum tanker 2
foreign-owned: 8 (Germany 8) (2010)
Airports346 (2013)
19 (2013)
Airports - with paved runwaystotal: 253
over 3,047 m: 22
2,438 to 3,047 m: 59
1,524 to 2,437 m: 76
914 to 1,523 m: 82
under 914 m: 14 (2013)
total: 15
over 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
914 to 1,523 m: 7 (2013)
Airports - with unpaved runwaystotal: 93
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
914 to 1,523 m: 38
under 914 m: 45 (2013)
total: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 3 (2013)
Heliports45 (2013)
1 (2013)

Source: CIA Factbook