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Australia Perfil Gobierno 2014

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Capitalnombre: Canberra
coordenadas geográficas: 35 16 S, 149 08 E
diferencia de tiempo: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in October; ends first Sunday in April
note: Australia has three time zones
División administrativa6 states and 2 territories*; Australian Capital Territory*, New South Wales, Northern Territory*, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia
Independencia1 Enero 1901 (from the federation of UK colonies)
Feriado nacionalAustralia Day (commemorates the arrival of the First Fleet of Australian settlers), 26 Enero (1788); ANZAC Day (commemorates the anniversary of the landing of troops of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps during World War I at Gallipoli, Turkey), 25 Abril (1915)
Constitución9 Julio 1900; efectiva 1 Enero 1901; modificada several times, last in 1977; note - a referendum to amend the constitution to reflect the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples Recognition Act 2013 is to be completed by the end of 2014 (2013)
Sufragio18 años de edad; universal y obligatorio
Poder Executivojefe de estado: Queen of Australia ELIZABETH II (desde 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Peter COSGROVE (desde 28 March 2014)
jefe de gobierno: Prime Minister Anthony John "Tony" ABBOTT (desde 18 September 2013); Deputy Prime Minister Warren TRUSS (desde 18 September 2013)
cabinet: prime minister nominates, from among members of Parliament, candidates who are subsequently sworn in by the governor general to serve as government ministers
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is sworn in as prime minister by the governor general

Fuente: CIA World Factbook
A menos que sea indicado, toda la información en esta página es correcta hasta Julio 6, 2015