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State of Eritrea
FlagEmblem
Anthem: Ertra, Ertra, Ertra
Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea
Location of  Eritrea  (dark green)– in Africa  (dark grey)– in the African Union  (dark grey)
Location of  Eritrea  (dark green)

– in Africa  (dark grey)
– in the African Union  (dark grey)

Capital
and largest city
Asmara
15°20′N38°55′E / 15.333°N 38.917°E / 15.333; 38.917
Official languagesNone (de jure)[1]
Tigrinya (de facto)[2]
Recognised national languages
Working Languages
Ethnic groups (2012[5])
DemonymEritrean
GovernmentSingle-partypresidential system
 • PresidentIsaias Afwerki
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation
 • Dʿmtc. 980 BC 
 • Kingdom of Aksumc. 100 AD 
 • Italian Eritrea1890 
 • Eritrean Federation15 September 1952 
 • De facto State of Eritrea24 May 1991 
 • De jure State of Eritrea24 May 1993 
Area
 • Total117,600 km2 (101st)
45,405 sq mi
 • Water (%)0.14%
Population
 • 2014 estimate6,380,803[3] (107th)
 • Density51.8/km2 (154th)
111.7/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$9.121 billion[6]
 • Per capita$1,314[6]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$5.352 billion[6]
 • Per capita$771[6]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.391[7]
low ·186th
CurrencyNakfa (ERN)
Time zoneEAT(UTC+3)
 • Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+291
ISO 3166 codeER
Internet TLD.er

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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