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State of Eritrea
  • ሃገረ ኤርትራ  Hagere Ertra
  • دولة إرتريا  Dawlat Iritriyá
FlagEmblem
Anthem: Ertra, Ertra, Ertra
Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea
Capital
and largest city
Asmara
15°20′N38°55′E / 15.333°N 38.917°E / 15.333; 38.917
Official languages
Ethnic groups (2012[3])
DemonymEritrean
GovernmentSingle-partypresidential republic
 - PresidentIsaias Afwerki
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation
 - Dʿmtc. 980 BC 
 - Kingdom of Aksumc. 100 AD 
 - Italian Eritrea1890 
 - Eritrean Federation15 September 1952 
 - De facto State of Eritrea24 May 1991 
 - De jure State of Eritrea24 May 1993 
Area
 - Total117,600 km2 (101st)
45,405 sq mi
 - Water (%)0.14%
Population
 - 2014 estimate6,380,803[1] (107th)
 - Density51.8/km2 (154th)
111.7/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 - Total$7.814 billion[4]
 - Per capita$1,195[4]
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 - Total$3.858 billion[4]
 - Per capita$590[4]
HDI (2013)Steady 0.381[5]
low ·182nd
CurrencyNakfa (ERN)
Time zoneEAT(UTC+3)
 - Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+291
ISO 3166 codeER
Internet TLD.er

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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