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Dominican Republic Geography Profile 2004

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Location

Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti

Geographic coordinates

19 00 N, 70 40 W

Map references

Central America and the Caribbean

Area

total: 48,730 sq km
land: 48,380 sq km
water: 350 sq km

Area - comparative

slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire

Land boundaries

total: 360 km
border countries: Haiti 360 km

Coastline

1,288 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 6 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate

tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall

Terrain

rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m
highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m

Natural resources

nickel, bauxite, gold, silver

Land use

arable land: 22.65%
permanent crops: 10.33%
other: 67.02% (2001)

Irrigated land

2,590 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards

lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts

Environment - current issues

water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation

Environment - international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note

shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti


Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of May 15, 2007


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