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Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Geography Profile 2002

Home > Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)


Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of southern Argentina

Geographic coordinates

51 45 S, 59 00 W

Map references

South America


total: 12,173 sq km
land: 12,173 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands

Area - comparative

slightly smaller than Connecticut

Land boundaries

0 km


1,288 km

Maritime claims

continental shelf: 200 NM
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM


cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but does not accumulate


rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Usborne 705 m

Natural resources

fish, wildlife

Land use

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (99% permanent pastures, 1% other) (1998 est.)

Irrigated land

NA sq km

Natural hazards

strong winds persist throughout the year

Environment - current issues

overfishing by unlicensed vessels is a problem; reindeer were introduced to the islands in 2001 for commercial reasons; this is the only commercial reindeer herd in the world unaffected by the Chornobyl disaster


All, APLAA, South America/Global

Geography - note

deeply indented coast provides good natural harbors; short growing season

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of May 15, 2007

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