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Kenya Geography Profile 2001

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Location

Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania

Geographic coordinates

1 00 N, 38 00 E

Map references

Africa

Area

total: 582,650 sq km

land: 569,250 sq km

water: 13,400 sq km

Area - comparative

slightly more than twice the size of Nevada

Land boundaries

total: 3,446 km

border countries: Ethiopia 830 km, Somalia 682 km, Sudan 232 km, Tanzania 769 km, Uganda 933 km

Coastline

536 km

Maritime claims

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate

varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior

Terrain

low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m

Natural resources

gold, limestone, soda ash, salt barites, rubies, fluorspar, garnets, wildlife, hydropower

Land use

arable land: 7%

permanent crops: 1%

permanent pastures: 37%

forests and woodland: 30%

other: 25% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land

660 sq km (1993 est.)

Natural hazards

recurring drought in northern and eastern regions; flooding during rainy seasons

Environment - current issues

water pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching

Environment - international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note

the Kenyan Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions in Africa; glaciers on Mt. Kenya; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value


Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of May 15, 2007


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