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Mali Geography Profile 2000

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Western Africa, southwest of Algeria

Geographic coordinates

17 00 N, 4 00 W

Map references



total:1.24 million sq km
land:1.22 million sq km
water:20,000 sq km

Area - comparative

slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Land boundaries

total:7,243 km
border countries:Algeria 1,376 km, Burkina Faso 1,000 km, Guinea 858 km, Cote d'Ivoire 532 km, Mauritania 2,237 km, Niger 821 km, Senegal 419 km


0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims

none (landlocked)


subtropical to arid; hot and dry February to June; rainy, humid, and mild June to November; cool and dry November to February


mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast

Elevation extremes

lowest point:Senegal River 23 m
highest point:Hombori Tondo 1,155 m

Natural resources

gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, hydropower
note:bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited

Land use

arable land:2%
permanent crops:0%
permanent pastures:25%
forests and woodland:6%
other:67% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land

780 sq km (1993 est.)

Natural hazards

hot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts

Environment - current issues

deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching

Environment - international agreements

party to:Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified:Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban

Geography - note


Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of May 15, 2007

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