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Sulfur: World Production In All Forms, By Country And Source

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TABLE 11
SULFUR:- WORLD PRODUCTION IN ALL FORMS, BY COUNTRY AND SOURCE1, 2
(Thousand metric tons)
 
Country and source3, 4   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012  
Australia, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 880 870 800 r 800 r 800
Petroleum 60 r 60 60 60 60
Total 940 r 930   860 r 860 r 860  
Brazil:
Byproduct:
Metallurgy 322 322 322 322 e 322 e
Petroleum 136 136 136 136 136 e
Frasche 22 22 22 22 22
Totale 480   480   480   480   480  
Canada, byproduct:
Metallurgy 1,148 890 900 e 609 638 p
Natural gas, petroleum, oil sands 7,008   6,577   6,355   5,914   5,545 p
Total 8,156 7,467 7,260 e 6,523 6,183 p
Chile, byproduct, metallurgy 1,586   1,658   1,686   1,723   1,681  
China:e
Byproduct, all sources 3,350 4,000 4,100 3,300 r 3,300
Elemental 960 1,000 1,100 1,100 1,200
Pyrites 4,300 4,370 4,400 5,300 r 5,400
Total 8,610   9,370   9,600   9,700   9,900  
Finland:e
Byproduct:
Metallurgy 331 r 274 r 275 r 280 r 280
Petroleum 117 r 127 r 125 r 133 r 130
Pyrites 226 r 154 r 150 r 338 r 330  
Total 674 r 555 r 550 r 751 r 740
France, natural gas and petroleum:e 650 r 650 r 650 r 650 r 650  
Germany, byproduct:
Metallurgy 2,458 2,137 2,266 2,394 2,373
Natural gas and petroleum 1,709 1,623 1,447 1,514 1,445
Total 4,167   3,760   3,713   3,908   3,818  
India:e
Byproduct:
Metallurgy (from fertilizer plants) 1,000 r 1,000 r 1,000 r 1,000 r 1,000
Natural gas and petroleum 1,400 r 1,400 r 1,400 r 1,400 r 1,400
Pyrites 32   31   31   30   30  
Total 2,430 r 2,430 r 2,430 r 2,430 r 2,430  
Iran, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 70 70 80 80 90
Natural gas and petroleum 1,500 1,500 1,700 1,700 1,800
Total 1,570   1,570   1,780   1,780   1,890  
Italy, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 90 90 90 90 90
Petroleum 650 650 650 650 650
Total 740   740   740   740   740  
Japan, byproduct:
Metallurgy 1,300 1,350 1,400 1,450 r 1,500
Petroleum 2,034 1,864 1,892 1,755 r 1,747
Total   3,334   3,214   3,292   3,205 r 3,247  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 11-Continued
SULFUR:- WORLD PRODUCTION IN ALL FORMS, BY COUNTRY AND SOURCE1, 2
(Thousand metric tons)
 
Country and source3, 4   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012  
Kazakhstan, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 300 300 300 300 300
Natural gas and petroleum 1,733 5 2,200 2,400 2,400 2,400
Total   2,030   2,500   2,700   2,700   2,700  
Korea, Republic of, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 660 600 480 480 480
Petroleum 900 r 900 r 720 r 720 r 720
Total 1,560 r 1,500 r 1,200 r 1,200 r 1,200  
Kuwait, byproduct, petroleume 830   800   820   830   800  
Mexico, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 700 700 800 r 800 r 800
Natural gas and petroleum 1,041 5 1,114 5 992 5 959 5 1,010  
Total 1,740   1,810   1,790 r 1,760 r 1,810  
Netherlands, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 115 r 115 r 115 r 115 r 115
Petroleum 400   400   400   400   400  
Total 515 r 515 r 515 r 515 r 515  
Poland:6
Byproduct:
Metallurgy 294 257 253 r 250 r 250 e
Natural gase 21 5 25 5 25 r 25 25
Petroleum 201 190 225 r 200 200 e
Unspecifiede (8) r 1 1 1 r 1
Frasch 762   263   517   657 r 677  
Totale 1,280   740   1,020 r 1,130 r 1,150  
Qatar, byproduct, natural gase 600 r 658 5 850 r 850 r 820  
Russia:e, 7
Byproduct:
Metallurgy 100 r 100 r 100 r 200 r 300
Natural gas 6,100 6,000 6,000 6,000 r 6,000
Native 50 50 50 50 50
Pyrites 200 200 200 200 200
Total 6,450 r 6,350 r 6,350 r 6,450 r 6,550  
Saudi Arabia, byproduct, all sources 3,163   3,214 r 3,200 e 4,579 r 4,092  
South Africa:
Byproduct:
Metallurgy, copper, platinum, zinc plants 188 185 141 r 174 r 133 e
Petroleum 323 291 205 r 163 r 124 e
Pyrites, S content, from gold mines 61 60 30 -- r --
Total 571   536   376 r 336 r 257 e
Spain, byproduct:e
Coal, lignite, gasification 1 1 1 1 1
Metallurgy 500 536 r 539 r 539 r 540
Petroleum 136 5 136 5 136 r 136 r 140
Total 637   673 r 676 r 676 r 681  
United Arab Emirates, byproduct, natural gas and petroleum 2,175   2,175 r 1,829 r 1,885 r 1,900 e
United States, byproduct:
Metallurgy 753 749 791 720 586
Natural gas 1,300 1,220 1,170 1,140 r 1,040
Petroleum 7,240   6,970   7,150 r 7,090 r 7,370  
Total   9,300   8,940   9,110 r 8,950   9,000  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 11-Continued
SULFUR:- WORLD PRODUCTION IN ALL FORMS, BY COUNTRY AND SOURCE1, 2
(Thousand metric tons)
 
Country and source3, 4   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012  
Uzbekistan, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 170 170 170 170 170
Natural gas and petroleum 350   350   350   350   370  
Total 520 520 520 520 540
Venezuela, byproduct, natural gas and petroleume   710 r, 5 570 r, 5 800   800   800  
Other total 3,480 r 3,500 r 3,560 r 3,390 r 3,650
Of which:
Byproduct:
Metallurgy 829 r 969 r 1,060 r 909 r 990
Natural gas, petroleum, oil sands, undifferentiated 411 r 412 r 409 r 340 r 466
Petroleum 799 r 768 r 789 r 842 r 881
Of which:
Native9 469 r 458 r 470 r 469 r 465
Pyrites 163 r 74 r 34 r 35 r 32
Unspecified 810 r 820 r 797 r 792 r 814  
Grand total 68,900 r 67,800 r 68,400 r 69,300 r 69,100
Of which:
Byproduct:
Coal, lignite, gasificatione 1 1 1 1 1
Metallurgy 13,800 r 13,300 r 13,600 r 13,400 r 13,400
Natural gas 8,030 r 7,900 8,040 r 8,010 r 7,880
Natural gas, petroleum, oil sands, undifferentiated 18,700 18,600 r 18,300 r 17,900 17,800
Petroleum 13,800 r 13,300 r 13,300 13,100 r 13,400
Frasch 784 r 285 r 539 r 680 r 699
Native10 1,480 r 1,510 r 1,620 r 1,620 r 1,720
Pyrites 4,980 r 4,890 r 4,850 r 5,900 r 5,990
Unspecified 7,320 r 8,030 r 8,100 r 8,670 r 8,210
eEstimated. pPreliminary. rRevised. -- Zero.
1Grand total, U.S. data, and estimated data are rounded to no more than three significant digits; may not add to totals shown.
2Includes data available through October 14, 2014.
3The term -source- reflects the means of collecting sulfur and the type of raw material. Sources listed include the following: Frasch-
recovery; native comprising all production of elemental sulfur by traditional mining methods (thereby excluding Frasch); pyrites
(whether or not the sulfur is recovered in the elemental form or as acid); byproduct recovery, either as elemental sulfur or as sulfur-
compounds from coal gasification, metallurgical operations including associated coal processing, crude oil and natural gas extraction,-
petroleum refining, oil sand cleaning, and processing of spent oxide from stack-gas scrubbers; and recovery from processing mined-
gypsum. Recovery of sulfur in the form of sulfuric acid from artificial gypsum produced as a byproduct of phosphatic fertilizer-
production is excluded, because to include it would result in double counting. Production of Frasch sulfur, other native sulfur,-
pyrite-derived sulfur, mined gypsum derived sulfur, byproduct sulfur from extraction of crude oil and natural gas, and recovery from-
oil sands are all credited to the country of origin of the extracted raw materials. In contrast, byproduct recovery from metallurgical-
operations, petroleum refineries, and spent oxides are credited to the nation where the recovery takes place, which is not the original
source country of the crude product from which the sulfur is extracted.
4In addition to the countries listed, Bulgaria, Ecuador, and Vietnam produced native or byproduct sulfur [metallurgy, natural gas,
-and (or) petroleum], but available information is inadequate to formulate reliable estimates of output levels.
5Reported figure.
6Government of Poland sources report total Frasch and native mined elemental sulfur output annually, undifferentiated; this figure has-
been divided between Frasch and other native sulfur on the basis of information obtained from supplementary sources.
7Sulfur is thought to be produced from Frasch and as a petroleum byproduct; however, information is inadequate to formulate estimates.
8Less than - unit.
9Includes -Belgium, elemental,- -Egypt, elemental,- and -Ukraine, elemental.-
10Includes -Poland, Frasch.-

Source: United States Geological Survey Mineral Resources Program

See also: Mineral commodity prices


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