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Sulfur: World Production In All Forms, By Country And Source

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TABLE 11
SULFUR: WORLD PRODUCTION IN ALL FORMS, BY COUNTRY AND SOURCE- 1, 2
(Thousand metric tons)
 
Country and source3   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010  
Australia, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 880 890 880 870 880
Petroleum 58 60 58 60 60
Total 938   950   938   930   940  
Brazil:
Frasch 21 22 22 e 22 e 22 e
Byproduct:
Metallurgy 298 322 322 322 322 e
Petroleum 117 136 136 136 136
Total 436   480   480   480   480  
Canada, byproduct:
Metallurgy 1,176 1,167 1,148 r 890 e 900 e
Natural gas, petroleum, oil sands 7,906   7,622   7,008 r 6,577   6,355  
Total 9,082 8,789 8,156 r 7,467 7,255
Chile, byproduct, metallurgy 1,641   1,569   1,573   1,653 r 1,676  
China:e
Elemental 950 960 960 1,000 1,100
Pyrites 3,810 4,200 4,300 4,370 4,400
Byproduct, metallurgy 3,000 3,300 3,350 4,000 4,100
Total 7,760   8,460   8,610   9,370   9,600  
Finland:e
Pyrites 250 250 250 250 225
Byproduct:
Metallurgy 300 300 300 300 300
Petroleum 65 65 65 65 65
Total 615   615   615   615   590  
France, byproduct:e
Natural gas and petroleum 616 4 606 4 605 605 605
Unspecified 750 700 700 700 700
Total 1,366 4 1,306 4 1,310   1,310   1,310  
Germany, byproduct:
Metallurgy 2,437 r 2,454 r 2,458 r 2,137 r 2,458
Natural gas and petroleum 1,686 1,637 1,709 1,623 1,447
Total 4,124 r 4,091 r 4,167 r 3,760 r 3,905  
India:e
Pyrites 32 32 32 32 31
Byproduct:
Metallurgy 600 590 600 590 600
Natural gas and petroleum 540   530   540   530   540  
Total 1,170   1,150   1,170   1,150   1,170  
Iran, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 65 70 70 70 80
Natural gas and petroleum 1,400 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,700
Total   1,470   1,570   1,570   1,570   1,780  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 11-Continued
SULFUR: WORLD PRODUCTION IN ALL FORMS, BY COUNTRY AND SOURCE- 1, 2
(Thousand metric tons)
 
Country and source3   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010  
Italy, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 90 90 90 90 90
Petroleum 650 650 650 650 650
Total 740   740   740   740   740  
Japan, byproduct:
Metallurgy 1,343 1,250 e 1,300 1,350 1,400
Petroleum 1,950 1,966 2,034 1,864 r 1,892
Total 3,293   3,216   3,334   3,214 r 3,292  
Kazakhstan, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 300 300 300 300 300
Natural gas and petroleum 1,700 1,661 4 1,733 4 1,700 1,700
Total 2,000   1,961   2,033   2,000   2,000  
Korea, Republic of, byproduct:e
Metallurgy -- r -- r -- r -- r --
Petroleum 660 r 670 r 600 r 660 r 660  
Total 660 r 670 r 600 r 660 r 660  
Kuwait, byproduct, natural gas and petroleume 830 r 830   800 r 830   830  
Mexico, byproduct:
Metallurgye 650 550 700 700 700
Natural gas and petroleum 1,074   1,026   1,041   1,114 r 1,110  
Total 1,724   1,576   1,741   1,814 r 1,810  
Netherlands, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 130 130 130 130 130
Petroleum 400   400   400   400   400  
Total 530   530   530   530   530  
Poland:e, 5
Native 800 834 762 263 r, 4 517 4
Byproduct:
Natural gas 20 23 21 25 r 25
Petroleum 182   188   201 r 190 r 190  
Total 1,000   1,050   984 r 478 r 732  
Qatar, byproduct, natural gas 360 e 360 e 527   658   1,124  
Russia:e, 6
Native 50 50 50 50 50
Pyrites 200 200 200 200 200
Byproduct:
Metallurgy 700 800 820 820 820
Natural gas 6,000   6,000   6,100   6,000   6,000  
Total 6,950   7,050   7,170   7,070   7,070  
Saudi Arabia, byproduct, all sources 2,907   3,089   3,163   3,200 e 3,300 e
South Africa:
Pyrites, S content, from gold mines 68 71 61 60 30
Byproduct:
Metallurgy, copper, platinum, zinc plants 231 236 187 175 r, e 160 e
Petroleum 343 335 323 300 r, e 275 e
Total   643   642   571   535 r, e 465 e
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 11-Continued
SULFUR: WORLD PRODUCTION IN ALL FORMS, BY COUNTRY AND SOURCE- 1, 2
(Thousand metric tons)
 
Country and source3   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010  
Spain, byproduct:e
Coal, lignite, gasification 1 1 1 1 1
Metallurgy 500 500 500 500 500
Petroleum 117 4 136 4 136 4 136 4 136
Total 618   637   637   637   637  
United Arab Emirates, byproduct, natural gas and petroleume 1,950   1,950   2,175 4 2,000   1,763 4
United States, byproduct:
Metallurgy 674 817 753 749 791
Natural gas 1,430 1,280 1,300 1,220 1,170
Petroleum 6,960   7,000   7,240   6,970   7,120  
Total 9,060   9,100   9,300   8,940   9,080  
Uzbekistan, byproduct:e
Metallurgy 170 170 170 170 170
Natural gas and petroleum 350   350   350   350   350  
Total   520   520   520   520   520  
Venezuela, byproduct, natural gas and petroleume 800   800   800   800   800  
Othere 3,820 r 3,880 r 3,890 r 3,690 r 4,020  
Of which:
Native 218 r 218 r 228 r 209 215
Pyrites 167 r 190 r 205 r 106 64
Unspecified 1,150 1,150 r 1,160 r 1,190 r 1,170
Byproduct:
Metallurgy 1,020 r 1,030 r 1,020 r 1,000 r 1,000
Natural gas7 -- r -- r -- r -- r --
Other-Continued:e
Of which:
Byproduct-Continued:
Natural gas and petroleum, undifferentiated8 482 r 472 428 423 r 461
Petroleum 780 r 820 r 845 r 759 r 1,110  
Grand total 67,000 r 67,600 r 68,100 r 66,600 r 68,100  
Of which:
Frasch 21 22 22 22 22
Native 2,020 r 2,060 r 2,000 r 1,520 1,880
Pyrites 4,530 r 4,940 r 5,050 r 5,020 r 4,950
Unspecified 4,810 r 4,940 r 5,020 r 5,090 r 5,170
Byproduct:
Coal, lignite, gasificatione 1 1 1 1 1
Metallurgy 16,200 r 16,500 r 16,700 r 16,800 r 17,400
Natural gas7 7,810 7,670 7,950 7,900 8,320
Natural gas and petroleum, undifferentiated8 19,300 r 19,000 r 18,700 r 18,100 r 17,700
Petroleum   12,300 r 12,400 r 12,700 r 12,200 r 12,700  
eEstimated. rRevised. -- Zero.
1World totals, U.S. data, and estimated data are rounded to no more than three significant digits; may not add to totals shown.
2Table includes data available through September 28, 2011.
3The term -source- reflects the means of collecting sulfur and the type of raw material. Sources listed include the following: Frasch recovery;-
native comprising all production of elemental sulfur by traditional mining methods (thereby excluding Frasch); pyrites (whether or not the-
sulfur is recovered in the elemental form or as acid); byproduct recovery, either as elemental sulfur or as sulfur compounds from coal
gasification, metallurgical operations including associated coal processing, crude oil and natural gas extraction, petroleum refining,-
oil sand cleaning, and processing of spent oxide from stack-gas scrubbers; and recovery from processing mined gypsum. Recovery of sulfur-
TABLE 11-Continued
SULFUR: WORLD PRODUCTION IN ALL FORMS, BY COUNTRY AND SOURCE- 1, 2
                       
in the form of sulfuric acid from artificial gypsum produced as a byproduct of phosphatic fertilizer production is excluded, because to include it-
it would result in double counting. Production of Frasch sulfur, other native sulfur, pyrite-derived sulfur, mined gypsum derived sulfur,-
byproduct sulfur from extraction of crude oil and natural gas, and recovery from oil sands are all credited to the country of origin of the
extracted raw materials. In contrast, byproduct recovery from metallurgical operations, petroleum refineries, and spent oxides are-
credited to the nation where the recovery takes place, which may not be the original source country of the crude product from which the
sulfur is extracted.
4Reported figure.
5Government of Poland sources report total Frasch and native mined elemental sulfur output annually, undifferentiated.
6Sulfur is thought to be produced from Frasch and as a petroleum byproduct; however, information is inadequate to formulate estimates.
7Excludes -Ecuador, natural gas.-
8Includes -Ecuador, natural gas.-

Source: United States Geological Survey Mineral Resources Program

See also: Mineral commodity prices


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