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U.S. Imports For Consumption Of Principal Minerals And Products, Excluding Mineral Fuels

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TABLE 8
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2011   2012  
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Metals:  
Aluminum:  
Crude and semicrude metric tons 4,290,000 11,900,000 4,350,000 11,000,000
Manufactures do. 316,000 1,120,000 374,000 1,210,000
Antimony:  
Metal do. 5,040 60,700 5,050 59,200
Ore and concentrate, antimony content do. 288 4,150 380 4,780
Oxide, antimony content do. 18,200 197,000 17,200 172,000
Arsenic:  
Acid do. 24 42 4 40
Metal do. 628 2,130 883 2,550
Sulfide do. 2 28 (4) 30
Trioxide do. 6,570 3,240 7,550 3,910
Bauxite and alumina:  
Alumina, calcined equivalent   2,160 r 892,000 r 1,790 667,000
Bauxite:  
Calcined, refractory and other grade   353 57,700 r 405 55,900
Crude and dried   9,540 431,000 r, 5 10,300 459,000 5
Specialty aluminum compounds, sulfate, chloride, fluoride-based metric tons 52,600 63,600 64,900 72,100
Beryllium, ore, concentrates, oxide, hydroxide, unwrought including powders,  
waste and scrap, other, beryllium-copper master alloys, beryllium-copper plates,
sheets, strip, beryllium content kilograms 92,000 26,100 99,700 23,000
Bismuth, metallic do. 1,750,000 41,100 1,700,000 38,100
Cadmium:  
Metal do. 9,140 786 21,300 97
Sulfide, gross weight do. 230,000 2,870 34,000 946
Unwrought and powder do. 201,000 1,240 170,000 1,160
Waste and scrap   23 4 1,280 22
Chromium:  
Chromite ore metric tons 191,000 67,900 277,000 109,000
Metals and- alloys:  
Ferroalloys, high-carbon, low-carbon, ferrochromium-silicon do. 538,000 824,000 526,000 728,000
Metal, unwrought powders, waste and scrap, other do. 13,600 192,000 15,300 203,000
Chemicals:  
Oxides, hydroxides, trioxide and other do. 7,100 27,300 9,960 38,200
Sulfates do. 308 368 346 376
Salts of oxometallic or peroxometallic acids, zinc and lead chromate, sodium  
dichromate, potassium dichromate, other do. 673 2,410 1,330 3,960
Carbide do. 276 5,690 171 3,600
Pigments and preparations based on chromium do. 2,650 13,600 1,850 11,400
Cobalt:  
Metal:  
Unwrought, excluding alloys and waste and scrap, includes cathode and metal  
powder, may include intermediate products of cobalt metallurgy do. 8,020 296,000 8,750 264,000
Oxide and hydroxides, content do. 1,870 61,200 1,670 51,200
Other forms, includes acetates, carbonates, chlorides, sulfates, content do. 704 25,300 633 21,000
Copper:  
Unmanufactured, does not include unalloyed scrap, copper content do. 687,000 6,190,000 638,000 5,080,000
Semimanufactures do. 264,000 2,320,000 247,000 1,940,000
Scrap, alloyed and unalloyed do. 110,000 553,000 105,000 533,000
Ferroalloys not listed elsewhere:  
Ferrophosphorus do. 8,690 5,120 7,070 4,340
Other do. 8,050 32,400 8,160 32,200
Gallium:  
Unwrought and waste and scrap kilograms 85,700 43,700 58,200 22,700
Gallium arsenide wafers, doped and undoped do. 301,000 226,000 222,000 212,000
Germanium, wrought, unwrought, waste and scrap, gross weight do.   28,300   39,400   37,500   46,900  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2011   2012  
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Metals:-Continued  
Gold:  
Ores and concentrates do. 203,000 115,000 5,370 45,700
Dore and precipitates do. 161,000 6,910,000 218,000 10,800,000
Bullion, refined do. 143,000 6,010,000 108,000 5,030,000
Waste and scrap do. 57,400 849,000 116,000 1,570,000
Metal powder do. 437 7,570 318 8,500
Compounds do. 37,600 1,630 13,400 3,440
Indium, unwrought metal and powders do. 146,000 91,000 109,000 53,900
Iron and steel:  
Steel mill products   25,900 NA 30,400 NA
Fabricated steel products   4,270 NA 4,690 NA
Cast iron and steel products   540 r NA 553 NA
Stainless steel metric tons 968,000 NA 1,050,000 NA
Iron and steel scrap:  
Ferrous, includes tinplate and terneplate, excludes used rails for rerolling and other uses  
and ships, boats, and other vessels for scrapping   4,010 1,650,000 3,720 1,590,000
Pig iron, all grades   4,190 2,120,000 4,270 1,900,000
Direct-reduced iron, steelmaking grade   1,800 775,000 2,470 921,000
Ships, boats, and other vessels for scrapping   (4) 50 (4) 22
Used rails for rerolling and other uses, includes mixed (used plus new) rails   71 35,000 71 32,000
Iron ore   5,270 841,000 5,140 758,000
Lead:  
Base bullion metric tons 434 1,940 1,020 3,900
Pigs and bars, lead content do. 313,000 700,000 349,000 699,000
Pigments and compounds, lead content- do. 26,400 62,500 29,900 66,900
Scrap, reclaimed, includes ash and residues, lead content do. 2,400 5,380 2,940 4,580
Wrought, all forms, including wire and powders, gross weight do. 2,450 11,100 2,270 8,370
Magnesium:  
Waste and scrap, gross weight do. 22,000 48,700 20,900 47,800
Metal, gross weight do. 14,300 68,900 16,200 69,100
Alloys, magnesium content do. 11,200 54,600 12,700 61,500
Powder, sheets, tubing, ribbons, wire, other forms, magnesium content do. 974 12,800 882 10,700
Manganese:  
Ores and concentrates with 20% or more manganese, manganese content do. 266,000 145,000 226,000 101,000
Ferromanganese, all grades, manganese content do. 274,000 483,000 314,000 482,000
Silicomanganese, manganese content do. 232,000 417,000 231,000 419,000
Metal, unwrought, other wrought, waste and scrap, gross weight do. 35,300 112,000 14,200 126,000
Chemicals, manganese dioxide and potassium permanganate, gross weight do. 30,100 73,400 26,200 58,100
Mercury:  
Metal do. 110 777 249 4,860
Amalgams of precious metals whether or not chemically defined do. 34 67,300 21 76,200
Molybdenum:  
Ores and concentrates, including roasted and other, molybdenum content do. 14,700 460,000 12,000 299,000
Chemicals, gross weight:  
Oxides and hydroxides do. 147 r 3,820 532 10,600
Molybdates, all, molybdenum content do. 545 r 22,500 477 15,700
Orange do. 328 2,790 355 2,910
Ferromolybdenum, molybdenum content do. 3,210 119,000 4,320 138,000
Other, includes powders, unwrought, bars and rods, waste and scrap, wire, other,
gross weight do. 2,520 128,000 2,650 104,000
Nickel, nickel content:  
Primary, unwrought and chemicals do. 138,000 3,370,000 133,000 2,520,000
Secondary, stainless steel scrap and waste and scrap do. 21,300 484,000 22,300 445,000
Wrought, not alloyed, bars, rods, profiles, wire, sheets, strip, foil, tubes, pipes do. 827 31,700 1,440 38,800
Alloyed, unwrought ingot, bars, rods, profiles, wire, sheets, strip, foil, tubes, pipes,  
other alloyed articles do.   25,800   840,000   30,100   906,000  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2011   2012  
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Metals:-Continued  
Niobium (columbium) and tantalum:  
Niobium:  
Ores and concentrates kilograms 9,090 710 11,000 761
Oxide do. 1,610,000 60,600 1,740,000 77,400
Ferroniobium do. 10,600,000 289,000 11,400,000 324,000
Unwrought powders do. 1,460,000 74,100 1,440,000 84,400
Tantalum:  
Ores and concentrates, includes synthetic concentrates do. 190,000 15,300 261,000 13,000
Unwrought powders, waste and scrap, unwrought alloys and metal do. 1,670,000 150,000 862,000 235,000
Wrought do. 124,000 53,600 70,200 36,700
Platinum-group metals, metal content:  
Platinum, grains and nuggets, sponge, other unwrought, other, waste and  
scrap, coins do. 129,000 3,290,000 172,000 3,110,000
Palladium, unwrought and other do. 98,900 2,160,000 80,100 1,650,000
Iridium, unwrought and other forms do. 2,790 r 59,000 r 1,230 40,500
Osmium, unwrought do. 48 261 130 737
Ruthenium, unwrought do. 13,300 r 69,700 r 10,200 35,100
Rhodium, unwrought and other forms do. 13,100 844,000 12,800 529,000
Rare earths, estimated equivalent rare-earth oxide (REO) content:  
Cerium compounds, including oxides, hydroxides, nitrates, sulfate chlorides, oxalates   do. 1,120,000 87,100 1,390,000 52,000
Ferrocerium and other pyrophoric alloys do. 186,000 3,930 267,000 7,950
Mixtures of rare-earth chlorides, except cerium chloride do. 382,000 51,700 495,000 27,700
Mixtures of REOs except cerium oxide do. 1,830,000 102,000 537,000 25,700
Compounds, including oxides, hydroxides, nitrates, other compounds except  
chlorides   do. 3,770,000 475,000 2,840,000 378,000
Metals, whether intermixed or alloyed do. 468,000 70,800 240,000 21,800,000
Yttrium compounds content by weight greater than 19% but less than 85% oxide
equivalent do. 34,700 11,800 27,200 5,870
Rhenium:  
Metal do. 23,800 55,800 27,400 67,500
Ammonium perrhenate do. 13,800 26,400 18,400 31,500
Selenium and tellurium:  
Selenium, selenium content:  
Selenium do. 589,000 69,700 440,000 49,200
Dioxide do. 12,500 758 14,200 1,370
Tellurium, tellurium content do. 70,800 13,100 36,100 8,740
Silicon, gross weight:  
Ferrosilicon metric tons 233,000 383,000 250,000 373,000
Metal do. 190,000 884,000 137,000 552,000
Silver:  
Ash and residues, silver content kilograms 114 27 391 119
Bullion, silver content do. 5,250,000 5,660,000 4,030,000 4,040,000
Dore, silver content do. 1,070,000 1,530,000 1,030,000 1,430,000
Metal powder, gross weight do. 344,000 214,000 444,000 323,000
Nitrate, gross weight do. 1,870 727 1,730 601
Ores and concentrates, silver content do. 84,200 31,900 82,700 35,400
Semimanufactured forms containing 99.5% or more by weight of silver, gross weight   do. 690,000 796,000 498,000 484,000
Waste and scrap, gross weight do. 8,820,000 519,000 7,320,000 518,000
Unwrought, other, gross weight do. 217,000 108,000 199,000 203,000
Thallium, unwrought powders, waste and scrap, other do. 203 120 4,730 2,010
Thorium:  
Ore, monazite concentrate metric tons 30 50 r 43 26
Thorium and thorium-bearing materials, compounds do. 6 398 4 300
Tin, gross weight:  
Compounds do. 769 20,200 438 9,400
Dross, skimmings, scrap, residues, alloys, n.s.p.f.6 do. 58,600 39,400 73,300 39,300
Metal, unwrought do.   34,200   857,000   36,900   735,000  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2011   2012  
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Metals:-Continued  
Tin, gross weight:-Continued  
Miscellaneous, includes tinfoil, tin powder, flitters, metallics, manufactures, n.s.p.f.6   do. XX 60,800 XX 35,700
Tinplate and terneplate do. 367,000 431,000 428,000 500,000
Tinplate scrap do. 97,100 28,500 91,300 30,800
Titanium:  
Concentrate:  
Ilmenite do. 377,000 39,600 374,000 63,200
Rutile, natural and synthetic do. 381,000 246,000 389,000 494,000
Metal:  
Waste and scrap do. 13,900 116,000 14,400 98,500
Unwrought do. 33,800 349,000 30,500 681,000
Ingots do. 655 12,500 510 8,500
Powder do. 51 3,490 33 3,110
Other do. 209 7,500 448 13,700
Wrought products and castings, includes bar, castings, foil, pipe, plate, profile,  
rod, sheet, strip, tube, wire, other do. 6,820 288,000 6,840 302,000
Ferrotitanium and ferrosilicon titanium do. 2,070 11,700 2,410 12,000
Pigment, dioxide and oxide do. 200,000 585,000 203,000 709,000
Titaniferous iron ore do. 96 23 286 52
Titaniferous slag do. 513,000 235,000 618,000 453,000
Tungsten, tungsten content:  
-Ammonium paratungstate do. 2,020 77,700 1,500 56,300
-Ferrotungsten and ferrosilicon tungsten do. 206 7,980 316 14,200
-Miscellaneous tungsten-bearing materials, metal powders, carbide powder,   - -
unwrought, waste and scrap, wrought, oxides, calcium tungstate, other tungstates, - -
other compounds do. 7,370 409,000 6,230 348,000
-Ores and concentrates do. 3,640 119,000 3,650 139,000
Vanadium:  
Aluminum-vanadium master alloy, gross weight kilograms 364,000 r 3,670 r 218,000 3,700
Ferrovanadium, vanadium content do. 2,220,000 64,600 4,190,000 108,000
Metal, including waste and scrap, gross weight do. 43,900 1,930 154,000 4,840
Miscellaneous chemicals, sulfates and vanadates, vanadium content do. 345,000 8,140 r 309,000 6,560
Pentoxide, anhydride, vanadium content do. 2,800,000 45,800 1,640,000 26,500
Vanadium-bearing ash and residues from the manufacture of iron and steel,  
vanadium oxide content do. 1,420,000 1,570 2,040,000 9,880
Other oxides and hydroxides, vanadium content do. 886,000 17,400 905,000 12,800
Zinc:  
Compounds, chloride, chromates of zinc or of lead, compounds n.s.p.f.6, lithopone,  
oxide, sulfate, sulfide, gross weight metric tons XX 241,000 XX 221,000
Ores and concentrates, zinc content do. 26,700 NA 6,140 NA
Slab, refined do. 716,000 NA 655,000 NA
Zirconium and hafnium:  
Hafnium, unwrought, including powders do. 10 4,760 23 6,440
Zirconium:  
Ferrozirconium do. 88 406 5 72
Ores and concentrates do. 26,500 57,600 25,800 66,400
Oxide, includes germanium oxides and zirconium oxides do. 3,010 r 56,700 4,550 65,100
Unwrought powder do. 52 3,280 116 4,210
Waste and scrap do. 823 r 56,700   451 58,900  
Total   XX   75,500,000 r XX   94,400,000  
Industrial minerals:  
Abrasives, manufactured:  
Aluminum oxide, crude, ground and refined do. 223,000 174,000 231,000 166,000
Metallic abrasives do. 49,600 34,700 22,000 21,700
Silicon carbide, crude, ground and refined do.   129,000   201,000   100,000   126,000  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2011   2012  
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Industrial minerals:-Continued  
Asbestos:  
Chrysotile and other unspecified type do. 1,180 1,100 1,610 2,520
Products with basis of asbestos, cellulose, or other minerals   NA 5,660 NA 8,610
Barite:  
Chloride, oxide, hydroxide, peroxide, precipitated carbonate metric tons 7,210 11,000 10,100 17,500
Crude do. 850,000 105,000 1,110,000 171,000
Ground do. 1,450,000 121,000 1,790,000 237,000
Other sulfates do. 15,100 18,500 18,100 22,300
Boron minerals and compounds:  
Borax   2 r 959 r 2 844
Boric acid   57 40,800 55 43,000
Colemanite   20 19,000 28 23,200
Ulexite   5 858 12 2,940
Bromine:  
Compounds, contained bromine metric tons 46,300 r 102,000 r 51,500 112,000
Elemental do. 997 2,200 1,580 3,910
Cement, hydraulic and clinker7   6,420 469,000 6,890 513,000
Clays:  
China clay or kaolin   549 56,200 472 56,800
Fire clay   2 893 8 1,380
Ball clay   (4) 148 (4) 137
Bentonite   9 7,080 12 15,300
Fullerʼs earth   2 142 1 160
Chamotte or dinaʼs earth   (4) 121 (4) 109
Artificially activated clay and earth   31 32,900 31 34,000
Diamond, industrial:  
Diamond stones, natural and minersʼ thousand carats 2,460 48,400 2,330 35,700
Powder, dust and grit, natural and synthetic do. 726,000 97,700 1,180,000 166,000
Diatomite, siliceous fossil meals metric tons 1,880 702 3,070 1,100
Feldspar and nepheline syenite:  
Feldspar do. 1,710 476 1,640 342
Nepheline syenite do. 394,000 41,500 386,000 44,200
Fluorspar:  
Aluminum fluoride do. 41,200 58,400 50,000 65,900
Cryolite do. 9,560 11,000 8,140 10,100
Fluorspar do. 727,000 154,000 620,000 157,000
Hydrofluoric acid do. 132,000 215,000 133,000 233,000
Garnet, industrial do. 116,000 24,500 166,000 34,500
Gemstones thousand carats 1,740,000 23,500,000 2,210,000 21,300,000
Graphite:  
Natural metric tons 71,800 81,300 56,700 68,400
Electric furnace electrodes do. 110,000 372,000 98,600 423,000
Gypsum:  
Crude   3,330 44,000 3,250 40,600
Plasters   14 7,780 17 7,150
Boards   235 30,800 297 49,400
Other   XX 34,700 XX 42,400
Iodine:  
Crude metric tons 6,590 251,000 5,960 250,000
Potassium iodide do. 366 5,400 431 6,250
Iron oxide pigments:  
Natural do. 3,310 2,310 3,280 2,400
Synthetic do. 154,000 186,000 148,000 179,000
Kyanite and related materials do. 5,390 2,230 3,260 1,610
Lime     512   69,900   468   68,300  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2011   2012  
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Industrial minerals:-Continued  
Lithium chemicals:  
Carbonate metric tons 14,400 55,400 13,200 55,100
Hydroxide do. 800 8,890 1,640 10,600
Magnesium compounds:  
Compounds, chlorides, hydroxide, peroxide, sulfates do. 119,000 52,900 119,000 49,100
Magnesite, crude and processed:  
Caustic-calcined magnesia do. 111,000 40,300 114,000 35,500
Dead-burned and fused magnesia do. 384,000 234,000 292,000 178,000
Other magnesia do. 28,700 25,700 26,000 23,000
Crude do. 11,600 5,790 14,000 5,180
Mica:  
Scrap and flake:  
Powder do. 24,300 15,100 23,500 14,900
Waste do. 3,200 1,810 3,640 2,210
Sheet:  
Unworked   do. 172 254 212 693
Worked do. 2,020 19,700 2,170 19,100
Nitrogen, major compounds, nitrogen content   9,780 8,530,000 9,730 9,040,000
Peat moss metric tons 982,000 228,000 911,000 237,000
Perlite, processed crude do. 193,000 NA 150,000 NA
Phosphate rock and phosphatic materials:  
Phosphate rock:    
Unground     2,450 345,000 5 2,170 326,000 5
Ground     402 62,900 r, 5 385 74,900 5
Dicalcium phosphate     7 10,800 5 7 11,200 5
Elemental phosphorus     5 18,700 5 11 43,000 5
Normal superphosphate     4 1,580 5 1 337 5
Triple superphosphate     207 113,000 5 209 104,000 5
Diammonium phosphate     260 155,000 5 92 52,500 5
Monoammonium phosphate     598 r 358,000 r, 5 477 268,000 5
Fertilizer containing nitrates and phosphates     2 895 5 3 1,320 5
Phosphoric acid     1 185 5 2 598 5
Potash, chloride, sulfate, nitrate, sodium nitrate mixtures   8,210 3,450,000 7,010 2,220,000
Pumice:  
-Crude or unmanufactured metric tons 22,600 494 66,700 1,230
-Wholly or partially manufactured do. 521 721 8,390 711
Salt   13,800 367,000 9,880 292,000
Sand and gravel:  
-Construction   3,440 64,800 5 4,110 59,200 5
-Industrial   316 87,900 306 36,600
Silica, special stone products8   NA 11,300 NA 11,200
Soda ash   27 5,660 13 3,360
Stone:  
-Crushed, chips, calcium carbonate fines, excludes precipitated carbonates   15,000 179,000 5 15,400 208,000 5
-Dimension   XX 1,590,000 XX 1,740,000
Strontium:  
Carbonate kilograms 14,200,000 14,400 r 11,300,000 9,270
Celestite do. 16,700,000 768 19,700,000 983
Metal do. 175,000 1,250 130,000 1,180
Nitrate do. 3,250,000 3,660 3,090,000 3,670
Oxide, hydroxide, peroxide do. 37,600 76 21,300 55
Sulfur:  
-Elemental9   3,270 e 301,000 2,930 e 238,000
-Sulfuric acid, 100% H2SO4   2,670 261,000 2,860 239,000
Talc, unmanufactured   285 r 77,100 r 325 109,000
Vermiculite     53   28,000   57   NA  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2011   2012  
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Industrial minerals:-Continued  
Wollastonitee metric tons   4,000   540   4,500   630  
Zeolitese do. 100 21   5 1  
Total   XX   43,400,000   XX   40,600,000  
Grand total   XX   119,000,000   XX   135,000,000  
eEstimated. rRevised. do. Ditto. NA Not available. XX Not applicable.-
1Summary data from the chapters of the 2012 Minerals Yearbook as they were completed and released through September 2, 2014.
2Data are rounded to no more than three significant digits; may not add to totals shown.
3Customs value unless otherwise specified.
4Less than - unit.
5Cost, insurance, and freight value.
6Not specifically provided for.
7Does not include Puerto Rico.
8Hand sharpening or polishing stones.
9General imports.

Source: United States Geological Survey Mineral Resources Program

See also: Mineral commodity prices


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