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U.S. Imports For Consumption Of Principal Minerals And Products, Excluding Mineral Fuels

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TABLE 8
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS 1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2009   2010      
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Metals:  
Aluminum:  
Crude and semicrude metric tons 4,110,000 7,980,000 4,120,000 10,300,000
Manufactures do. 264,000 732,000 281,000 930,000
Antimony:  
Metal do. 4,750 19,600 5,360 39,100
Ore and concentrate, antimony content do. 167 1,010 181 1,840
Oxide, antimony content do. 15,200 81,000 20,600 144,000
Arsenic:  
Acid do. 3 11 60 43
Metal do. 438 1,890 769 2,440
Sulfide do. 77 334 13 35
Trioxide do. 6,130 2,740 5,920 2,830
Bauxite and alumina:  
Alumina, calcined equivalent   1,860 613,000 1,720 711,000
Bauxite:  
Calcined, refractory and other grade   461 91,600 r 691 146,000
Crude and dried   6,970 355,000 r, 4 8,120 411,000 4
Specialty aluminum compounds, sulfate, chloride, fluoride-based metric tons 30,700 30,600 50,200 53,300
Beryllium, ore, concentrates, oxide, hydroxide, unwrought including powders,  
waste and scrap, other, beryllium-copper master alloys, beryllium-copper plates,
sheets, strip, beryllium content kilograms 23,800 5,720 271,000 20,600
Bismuth, metallic do. 1,250,000 20,600 1,620,000 30,100
Cadmium:  
Metal do. 4,940 371 4,910 509
Sulfide, gross weight do. 135,000 2,430 255,000 3,400
Unwrought and powder do. 117,000 1,110 216,000 2,400
Waste and scrap   -- -- 59 6
Chromium:  
Chromite ore metric tons 77,200 17,500 139,000 29,600
Metals and- alloys:  
Ferroalloys, high-carbon, low-carbon, ferrochromium-silicon do. 248,000 294,000 524,000 791,000
Metal, unwrought powders, waste and scrap, other do. 7,570 74,900 13,000 148,000
Chemicals:  
Oxides, hydroxides, trioxide and other do. 9,100 28,000 8,240 27,900
Sulfates do. 71 88 325 351
Salts of oxometallic or peroxometallic acids, zinc and lead chromate, sodium  
dichromate, potassium dichromate, other do. 15,300 18,100 769 2,730
Carbide do. 165 3,060 242 4,370
Pigments and preparations based on chromium do. 1,700 8,650 2,280 11,600
Cobalt:  
Metal:  
Unwrought, excluding alloys and waste and scrap, includes cathode and metal  
powder, may include intermediate products of cobalt metallurgy do. 5,870 198,000 8,750 350,000
Oxide and hydroxides, content do. 1,050 r 37,500 1,450 60,700
Other forms, includes acetates, carbonates, chlorides, sulfates, content do. 751 r 27,300 854 28,900
Copper:  
Unmanufactured, does not include unalloyed scrap, copper content do. 733,000 3,510,000 634,000 4,680,000
Semimanufactures do. 225,000 1,050,000 234,000 1,630,000
Scrap, alloyed and unalloyed do. 71,800 237,000 95,800 403,000
Ferroalloys not listed elsewhere:  
Ferrophosphorus metric tons   138   617   7,650   4,180  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS 1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2009   2010  
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Metals-Continued:  
Ferroalloys not listed elsewhere-Continued:  
Other do. 4,710 13,900 8,730 27,900
Gallium:  
Unwrought and waste and scrap kilograms 35,900 12,600 59,200 19,200
Gallium arsenide wafers, doped and undoped do. 145,000 131,000 229,000 191,000
Germanium, wrought, unwrought, waste and scrap, gross weight do. 29,400 39,100 27,000 25,900
Gold:  
Ores and concentrates kilograms 46,600 33,100 257,000 58,000
Dore and precipitates do. 146,000 4,260,000 148,000 4,520,000
Bullion, refined do. 127,000 3,580,000 199,000 7,020,000
Waste and scrap do. 43,400 600,000 r 46,100 722,000
Metal powder do. 476 8,760 652 11,500
Compounds do. 64,300 1,430 43,500 1,480
Indium, unwrought metal do. 105,000 35,200 117,000 58,700
Iron and steel:  
Steel mill products   14,700 NA 21,700 NA
Fabricated steel products   3,530 NA 4,110 NA
Cast iron and steel products   464 NA 605 NA
Stainless steel metric tons 515,000 r NA 813,000 NA
Iron and steel scrap:  
Ferrous, includes tinplate and terneplate, excludes used rails for rerolling and other uses  
and ships, boats, and other vessels for scrapping   2,990 831,000 r 3,780 1,420,000
Pig iron, all grades   2,420 877,000 3,780 1,540,000
Direct-reduced iron, steelmaking grade   1,020 304,000 1,640 607,000
Ships, boats, and other vessels for scrapping   (5) 79 (5) 226
Used rails for rerolling and other uses, includes mixed (used plus new) rails   57 17,700 53 23,700
Iron ore   3,870 376,000 6,420 703,000
Lead:  
Pigs and bars, lead content metric tons 251,000 408,000 r 271,000 559,000
Pigments and compounds, lead content- do. 28,100 46,800 28,600 61,000
Scrap, reclaimed, includes ash and residues, lead content do. 1,330 2,620 3,730 8,880
Wrought, all forms, including wire and powders, gross weight do. 1,340 5,490 r 1,290 6,270
Magnesium:  
Waste and scrap, gross weight do. 20,900 40,300 22,100 56,500
Metal, gross weight do. 21,400 86,800 18,200 83,500
Alloys, magnesium content do. 4,790 29,800 11,600 54,400
Powder, sheets, tubing, ribbons, wire, other forms, magnesium content do. 205 4,170 788 9,160
Manganese:  
Ores and concentrates with 20% or more manganese, manganese content do. 154,000 82,600 255,000 133,000
Ferromanganese, all grades, manganese content do. 121,000 215,000 257,000 493,000
Silicomanganese, manganese content do. 83,500 135,000 197,000 373,000
Metal, unwrought, other wrought, waste and scrap, gross weight do. 23,000 57,800 36,000 95,400
Chemicals, manganese dioxide and potassium permanganate, gross weight do. 18,600 45,800 23,000 58,400
Mercury:  
Metal do. 206 1,350 294 1,290
Amalgams of precious metals whether or not chemically defined do. 14 31,300 23 70,000
Molybdenum:  
Ores and concentrates, including roasted and other, molybdenum content metric tons 7,520 150,000 12,900 314,000
Chemicals, gross weight:  
Oxides and hydroxides do. 209 3,330 508 12,200
Molybdates, all, molybdenum content do.   657   20,500   928   30,100  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS 1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2009   2010  
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Metals-Continued:  
Molybdenum-Continued:  
Chemicals, gross weight-Continued:  
Orange do. 269 2,170 350 2,730
Ferromolybdenum, molybdenum content do. 2,030 50,100 3,560 130,000
Other, includes powders, unwrought, bars and rods, waste and scrap, wire, other,
gross weight do. 970 43,000 1,840 87,800
Nickel, nickel content:  
Primary, unwrought and chemicals do. 99,900 1,480,000 129,000 2,790,000
Secondary, stainless steel scrap and waste and scrap do. 17,700 249,000 23,800 472,000
Wrought, not alloyed, bars, rods, profiles, wire, sheets, strip, foil, tubes, pipes do. 409 14,000 677 21,100
Alloyed, unwrought ingot, bars, rods, profiles, wire, sheets, strip, foil, tubes, pipes,  
other alloyed articles do. 17,300 439,000 21,500 565,000
Niobium (columbium) and tantalum:  
Niobium:  
Ores and concentrates kilograms 4,960 360 11,600 494
Oxide do. 1,060,000 29,000 1,180,000 35,800
Ferroniobium do. 4,490,000 109,000 9,660,000 237,000
Unwrought powders do. 699,000 24,100 1,380,000 56,900
Tantalum:  
Ores and concentrates, includes synthetic concentrates do. 357,000 13,600 19,800 2,520
Unwrought powders, waste and scrap, unwrought alloys and metal do. 613,000 92,800 1,470,000 140,000
Wrought do. 75,600 20,800 114,000 31,500
Platinum-group metals, metal content:  
Platinum, grains and nuggets, sponge, other unwrought, other, waste and  
scrap, coins do. 183,000 2,080,000 152,000 2,510,000
Palladium, unwrought and other do. 69,700 631,000 70,700 1,110,000
Iridium, unwrought and other forms do. 1,520 20,800 3,530 65,900
Osmium, unwrought do. 68 551 76 612
Ruthenium, unwrought do. 21,200 55,700 14,100 82,500
Rhodium, unwrought and other forms do. 11,200 530,000 12,800 914,000
Rare earths, estimated equivalent rare-earth oxide (REO) content:  
Cerium compounds, including oxides, hydroxides, nitrates, sulfate chlorides, oxalates   do. 1,500,000 9,070 1,770,000 22,600
Ferrocerium and other pyrophoric alloys do. 102,000 2,620 131,000 3,110
Mixtures of rare-earth chlorides, except cerium chloride do. 411,000 4,930 956,000 12,000
Mixtures of REOs except cerium oxide do. 4,750,000 23,500 5,480,000 38,300
Compounds, including oxides, hydroxides, nitrates, other compounds except  
chlorides   do. 5,080,000 r 67,500 3,980,000 96,300
Metals, whether intermixed or alloyed do. 226,000 4,870 525,000 14,700
Yttrium compounds content by weight greater than 19% but less than 85% oxide  
equivalent do. 6,920 565 r 73,500 2,060
Rhenium:  
Metal do. 21,500 53,100 23,100 52,800
Ammonium perrhenate do. 14,300 13,700 25,500 17,900
Selenium and tellurium:  
Selenium, selenium content:  
Selenium do. 260,000 12,700 491,000 34,100
Dioxide do. 3,420 210 9,170 626
Tellurium, tellurium content do. 84,000 11,300 41,600 9,040
Silicon, gross weight:  
Ferrosilicon metric tons 103,000 126,000 229,000 342,000
Metal do.   116,000   477,000   175,000   748,000  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS 1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2009   2010  
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Metals-Continued:  
Silver:  
Ash and residues, silver content kilograms 505 151 316 77
Bullion, silver content do. 2,800,000 1,310,000 4,330,000 2,890,000
Dore, silver content do. 653,000 439,000 738,000 708,000
Metal powder, gross weight do. 247,000 36,400 788,000 170,000
Nitrate, gross weight do. 835 241 1,430 390
Ores and concentrates, silver content do. 87 9 3,230 1,750
Semimanufactured forms containing 99.5% or more by weight of silver, gross weight   do. 476,000 176,000 638,000 354,000
Waste and scrap, gross weight do. 4,760,000 372,000 6,510,000 435,000
Unwrought, other, gross weight do. 135,000 56,100 316,000 142,000
Thallium, unwrought powders, waste and scrap, other do. 2,030 312 783 204
Thorium:  
Ore, monazite concentrate do. 26,000 20 -- --
Thorium and thorium-bearing materials, compounds do. 2,250 275 3,030 208
Tin, gross weight:  
Compounds metric tons 601 8,180 753 13,300
Dross, skimmings, scrap, residues, alloys, n.s.p.f.6 do. 81,300 23,400 58,000 30,700
Metal, unwrought do. 33,000 404,000 35,300 658,000
Miscellaneous, includes tinfoil, tin powder, flitters, metallics, manufactures, n.s.p.f.6   do. XX 36,200 XX 53,200
Tinplate and terneplate, gross weight do. 295,000 366,000 464,000 500,000
Tinplate scrap, gross weight do. 27,100 5,190 68,000 14,300
Titanium:  
Concentrate:  
Ilmenite do. 250,000 21,800 377,000 37,600
Rutile, natural and synthetic do. 279,000 141,000 351,000 198,000
Metal:  
Waste and scrap do. 4,770 17,600 10,700 75,500
Unwrought do. 16,600 178,000 20,500 196,000
Ingots do. 531 13,300 237 3,880
Powder do. 24 2,390 119 5,420
Other do. 18 1,220 88 3,980
Wrought products and castings, includes bar, castings, foil, pipe, plate, profile,  
rod, sheet, strip, tube, wire, other do. 6,930 292,000 8,710 299,000
Ferrotitanium and ferrosilicon titanium do. 2,540 6,750 2,740 11,500
Pigment, dioxide and oxide do. 175,000 385,000 204,000 462,000
Titaniferous iron ore do. 10,000 532 83,100 6,760
Titaniferous slag do. 414,000 168,000 475,000 200,000
Tungsten, tungsten content:  
-Ammonium paratungstate do. 2,540 52,600 2,510 56,400
-Ferrotungsten and ferrosilicon tungsten do. 46 1,260 357 11,000
-Miscellaneous tungsten-bearing materials, metal powders, carbide powder,   - -
unwrought, waste and scrap, wrought, oxides, calcium tungstate, other tungstates, - -
other compounds do. 3,820 r 135,000 6,820 237,000
-Ores and concentrates do. 3,590 72,900 2,740 60,000
Vanadium:  
Aluminum-vanadium master alloy, gross weight kilograms 282,000 979 9,200,000 27,800
Ferrovanadium, vanadium content do. 353,000 12,600 1,340,000 41,100
Metal, including waste and scrap, gross weight do. 21,700 940 9,660 434
Miscellaneous chemicals, sulfates and vanadates, vanadium content do. 231,000 3,570 205,000 4,620
Pentoxide, anhydride, vanadium content do.   1,120,000   16,500   4,000,000   55,700  
See footnotes at end of table.  
TABLE 8-Continued
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS 1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2009   2010  
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Metals-Continued:  
Vanadium-Continued:  
Vanadium-bearing ash and residues from the manufacture of iron and steel,  
vanadium oxide content do. 791,000 12,300 521,000 5,570
Other oxides and hydroxides, vanadium content do. 25,200 551 167,000 3,330
Zinc:  
Compounds, chloride, chromates of zinc or of lead, compounds n.s.p.f.6, lithopone,  
oxide, sulfate, sulfide, gross weight metric tons 104,000 127,000 136,000 226,000
Ores and concentrates, zinc content do. 74,200 68,300 32,200 NA
Rolled do. 3,010 13,500 3,440 NA
Slab, refined do. 686,000 1,080,000 671,000 NA
Zirconium and hafnium:  
Hafnium, unwrought, including powders do. 5 2,080 8 3,390
Zirconium:  
Ferrozirconium do. (5) 7 45 246
Ores and concentrates do. 14,400 17,100 22,900 27,500
Oxide, includes germanium oxides and zirconium oxides do. 2,810 43,800 2,920 52,700
Unwrought powder do. 22 1,890 31 2,330
Waste and scrap do. 955 58,400   1,130 70,700  
Total   XX   41,400,000 r XX   61,400,000  
Industrial minerals:  
Abrasives, manufactured:  
Aluminum oxide, crude, ground and refined do. 64,200 53,700 185,000 136,000
Metallic abrasives do. 15,800 12,100 43,400 25,300
Silicon carbide, crude, ground and refined do. 78,000 74,500 143,000 165,000
Asbestos:  
Chrysotile and other unspecified type metric tons 869 684 1,040 821
Products with basis of asbestos, cellulose, or other minerals   NA 13,300 NA 5,790
Barite:  
Chloride, oxide, hydroxide, peroxide, precipitated carbonate metric tons 4,170 6,250 7,430 7,900
Crude do. 572,000 60,000 r 873,000 87,300
Ground do. 851,000 58,100 1,220,000 91,500
Other sulfates do. 10,600 10,900 14,700 17,000
Boron minerals and compounds:  
Borax   (5) 376 (5) 183
Boric acid   36 26,100 50 30,100
Colemanite   31 8,630 50 18,400
Ulexite   28 11,300 1 238
Bromine:  
Compounds, contained bromine metric tons 33,600 r 80,300 43,900 85,400
Elemental do. 1,390 3,020 1,040 2,620
Cement, hydraulic and clinker7   6,770 502,000 6,630 490,000
Clays:  
China clay or kaolin   281 68,700 239 56,300
Fire clay   (5) 133 (5) 179
Decolorizing earths and fuller-s earth   1 96 2 160
Bentonite   8 2,460 16 4,670
Common blue clay and other ball clay   -- -- 1 138
Other clay   8 3,940 7 4,560
Chamotte or dina-s earth   (5) 165 (5) 110
Artificially activated clay and activated earth     27   28,800   19   25,800  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS 1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2009   2010  
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Industrial minerals-Continued:  
Diamond, industrial:  
Diamond stones, natural and miners- thousand carats 1,400 18,700 1,720 32,300
Powder, dust and grit, natural and synthetic do. 246,000 41,000 r 596,000 86,500
Diatomite, siliceous fossil meals metric tons 1,260 1,080 1,030 894
Feldspar and nepheline syenite:  
Feldspar do. 2,120 646 2,050 503
Nepheline syenite do. 308,000 36,800 368,000 52,400
Fluorspar:  
Aluminum fluoride do. 18,700 26,800 38,000 49,200
Cryolite do. 2,830 3,630 5,320 6,510
Fluorspar do. 475,000 105,000 539,000 103,000
Hydrofluoric acid do. 114,000 161,000 135,000 199,000
Garnet, industrial do. 37,900 8,890 42,500 11,100
Gemstones thousand carats 1,200,000 13,500,000 r 1,520,000 19,600,000
Graphite:  
Natural metric tons 33,100 29,700 65,400 52,100
Electric furnace electrodes do. 50,600 190,000 88,200 342,000
Gypsum:  
Crude   4,220 52,900 3,330 41,800
Plasters   15 6,800 15 7,180
Boards   236 38,500 244 32,400
Other   XX 30,300 XX 29,600
Iodine:  
Crude metric tons 5,190 133,000 5,710 141,000
Potassium iodide do. 259 6,000 423 9,770
Iron oxide pigments:  
Natural do. 1,900 1,070 3,360 2,390
Synthetic do. 105,000 126,000 148,000 164,000
Kyanite, andalusite, sillimanite do. 4,880 2,060 2,180 938
Lime   422 53,200 445 61,500
Lithium chemicals:  
Carbonate metric tons 9,250 41,900 9,500 41,300
Hydroxide do. 932 5,580 1,070 5,300
Magnesium compounds:  
Compounds, chlorides, hydroxide, peroxide, sulfates do. 133,000 38,500 122,000 49,000
Magnesite, crude and processed:  
Caustic-calcined magnesia do. 126,000 37,700 127,000 40,300
Dead-burned and fused magnesia do. 151,000 72,200 323,000 161,000
Other magnesia do. 8,740 8,750 12,000 14,500
Crude do. 6,270 3,830 22,400 8,420
Mica:  
Scrap and flake:  
Powder metric tons 16,900 9,540 22,000 16,900
Waste do. 2,990 1,670 4,400 2,390
Sheet:  
Unworked   do. 23 142 51 180
Worked do. 1,480 r 14,400 1,930 16,200
Nitrogen, major compounds, gross weight   12,600 3,570,000 9,640 5,930,000
Peat moss metric tons 906,000 230,000 947,000 225,000
Perlite, processed crude do.   153,000   15,900   174,000   17,700  
See footnotes at end of table.
TABLE 8-Continued
U.S. IMPORTS FOR CONSUMPTION OF PRINCIPAL MINERALS AND PRODUCTS, EXCLUDING MINERAL FUELS 1, 2
(Thousand metric tons and thousand dollars unless otherwise specified)
        2009   2010  
Mineral or product   Quantity   Value3   Quantity   Value3  
Industrial minerals-Continued:  
Phosphate rock and phosphatic materials:  
Phosphate rock:    
Unground     988 83,100 4 1,280 117,000 4
Ground     379 26,900 4 605 48,900 4
Dicalcium phosphate     6 11,200 4 7 9,990 4
Elemental phosphorus     4 15,600 4 7 23,500 4
Normal superphosphate     (5) 114 4 4 1,400 4
Triple superphosphate     38 9,340 4 189 66,900 4
Diammonium phosphate     22 9,710 4 190 101,000 4
Monoammonium phosphate     62 38,800 4 269 151,000 4
Fertilizer containing nitrates and phosphates     1 492 4 (5) 182 4
Phosphoric acid     31 30,600 4 31 20,600 4
Potash, chloride, sulfate, nitrate, sodium nitrate mixtures   3,670 1,720,000 r 7,840 2,620,000
Pumice:  
-Crude or unmanufactured do. 26,000 784 34,100 758
-Wholly or partially manufactured do. 258 832 1,140 1,430
Salt   14,700 337,000 12,900 322,000
Sand and gravel:  
-Construction   2,980 66,100 4 2,670 95,900 4
-Industrial   95 8,080 131 19,700
Silica, special stone products8   NA 8,320 NA 8,990
Soda ash   6 2,350 20 5,770
Stone:  
-Crushed, chips, calcium carbonate fines, excludes precipitated carbonates   12,200 174,000 4 14,500 185,000 4
-Dimension   XX 1,350,000 XX 2,430,000
Strontium:  
Carbonate kilograms 7,820,000 5,090 11,700,000 8,310
Celestite do. 14,600,000 690 5,400,000 245
Metal do. 70,100 564 118,000 686
Nitrate do. 2,770,000 2,770 3,580,000 4,760
Oxide, hydroxide, peroxide do. 6,720 51 129,000 185
Sulfur:  
-Elemental   1,700 e 54,100 2,950 e 214,000
-Sulfuric acid, 100% H2SO4   1,270 r 146,000 2,110 139,000
Talc, unmanufactured   134 r 47,900 242 67,100
Vermiculitee   39 7,100 29 9,740
Wollastonitee metric tons 4,000 530 4,000 540
Zeolitese do. 300 64   150 32  
Total   XX   23,900,000 r XX   35,600,000  
Grand total   XX   65,200,000 r XX   96,900,000  
eEstimated. rRevised. do. Ditto. NA Not available. XX Not applicable. -- Zero.
1Table includes data available through June 6, 2012.
2Data are rounded to no more than three significant digits; may not add to totals shown.
3Customs value unless otherwise specified.
4Cost, insurance, and freight value.
5Less than - unit.
6Not specifically provided for.
7Excludes Puerto Rico.
8Hand sharpening or polishing stones.

Source: United States Geological Survey Mineral Resources Program

See also: Mineral commodity prices


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