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Dominican Republic Geography Profile 2014

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LocationCaribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti
Geographic coordinates19 00 N, 70 40 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 48,670 sq km
land: 48,320 sq km
water: 350 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire
Land boundariestotal: 376 km
border countries: Haiti 376 km
Coastline1,288 km
Maritime claimsmeasured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climatetropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall
Terrainrugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed
Elevation extremeslowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m
highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m
Natural resourcesnickel, bauxite, gold, silver
Land usearable land: 16.44%
permanent crops: 9.25%
other: 74.32% (2011)
Irrigated land3,065 sq km (2009)
Total renewable water resources21 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)total: 5.47 cu km/yr (26%/1%/72%)
per capita: 574.2 cu m/yr (2005)
Natural hazardslies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts
Environment - current issueswater shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Geography - noteshares island of Hispaniola with Haiti

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on June 30, 2015

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