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Dominica Geography Profile 2017

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LocationCaribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about halfway between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates15 25 N, 61 20 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 751 sq km
land: 751 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly more than four times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline148 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall
Terrainrugged mountains of volcanic origin
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Morne Diablotins 1,447 m
Natural resourcestimber, hydropower, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 34.7%
arable land 8%; permanent crops 24%; permanent pasture 2.7%
forest: 59.2%
other: 6.1% (2011 est.)
Irrigated landNA
Population distributionpopulation is mosly clustered along the coast, with roughly a third living in the parish of St. George, in or around the capital of Roseau; the volcanic interior is sparsely populated
Natural hazardsflash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months
Environment - current issuesNA
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - noteknown as "The Nature Island of the Caribbean" due to its spectacular, lush, and varied flora and fauna, which are protected by an extensive natural park system; the most mountainous of the Lesser Antilles, its volcanic peaks are cones of lava craters and include Boiling Lake, the second-largest, thermally active lake in the world

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017