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Djibouti Geography Profile 2017

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LocationEastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia
Geographic coordinates11 30 N, 43 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 23,200 sq km
land: 23,180 sq km
water: 20 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundariestotal: 528 km
border countries (3): Eritrea 125 km, Ethiopia 342 km, Somalia 61 km
Coastline314 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatedesert; torrid, dry
Terraincoastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 430 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m
highest point: Moussa Ali 2,028 m
Natural resourcespotential geothermal power, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum, pumice, petroleum
Land useagricultural land: 73.4%
arable land 0.1%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 73.3%
forest: 0.2%
other: 26.4% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land10 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardsearthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods
volcanism: experiences limited volcanic activity; Ardoukoba (elev. 298 m) last erupted in 1978; Manda-Inakir, located along the Ethiopian border, is also historically active
Environment - current issuesinadequate supplies of potable water; limited arable land; desertification; endangered species
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notestrategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland; Lac Assal (Lake Assal) is the lowest point in Africa and the saltiest lake in the world

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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