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Indonesien - Regierung - Profil - 2002

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Hauptstadt

Jakarta

Unabhängigkeit

17 August 1945 (proclaimed independence; on 27 Dezember 1949, Indonesia became legally independent from the Netherlands)

Nationalfeiertag

Unabhängigkeit, 17 August (1945)

Konstitution

August 1945, abrogated by Federal Constitution of 1949 and Provisional Constitution of 1950, restored 5 Juli 1959

Wahlrecht

17 Jahre; universal and married persons regardless of age

Exekutive

Staatsoberhaupt: Staatspräsident MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri (seit dem 23 July 2001) and Vice Staatspräsident Hamzah HAZ (seit dem 26 July 2001); note - the president is both the Staatsoberhaupt and Regierungschef
Regierungschef: Staatspräsident MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri (seit dem 23 July 2001) and Vice Staatspräsident Hamzah HAZ (seit dem 26 July 2001); note - the president is both the Staatsoberhaupt and Regierungschef
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
elections: president and vice president elected separately by the People's Consultative Assembly or MPR for five-year terms; selection of president last held 23 July 2001); selection of vice president last held 26 July 2001; next election to be held NA 2004; in accordance with constitutional changes, the election of the president and vice president will be by direct vote of the citizenry
election results: MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri elected president, receiving 591 votes in favor (91 abstentions); Hamzah HAZ elected vice president, receiving 340 votes in favor (237 against)
note: the People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat or MPR) includes the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat or DPR) plus 195 indirectly selected members; it meets every five years to elect the president and vice president and to approve broad outlines of national policy and also has yearly meetings to consider constitutional and legislative changes; constitutional amendments adopted in 2001 and 2002 provide for the MPR to be restructured in 2004 and to consist entirely of popularly-elected members who will be in the DPR and the new House of Regional Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah or DPD); the MPR will no longer formulate national policy


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